Presentation on theme: "MAKING DEMOCRACY WORK: THE IMPORTANCE OF CIVIL SOCIETY"— Presentation transcript:
1 MAKING DEMOCRACY WORK: THE IMPORTANCE OF CIVIL SOCIETY ROBERT D. PUTNAM Peter & Isabel Malkin Professor of Public PolicyXVI Congreso Internacional del CLAD sobre la Reforma del Estado y de la Administración PúblicaAsunción, ParaguayFriday, November 11
2 Making Democracy WorkCentral question: Why are some places bettter governed than others?
3 Making Democracy WorkCentral question: Why are some places bettter governed than others?Experimental design: Same seeds in different soils
5 Making Democracy WorkCentral question: Why are some places bettter governed than others?Experimental design: Same seeds in different soilsMeasuring government performance
6 Making Democracy WorkCentral question: Why are some places bettter governed than others?Experimental design: Same seeds in different soilsMeasuring government performanceExplaining government performance: Not wealth, education, parties, but choral societies and football clubs—that is, civil society.
9 What is “social capital” and why is it important? Social capital is not about associations, but networksSocial capital: Social networks and norms of reciprocityCore insight: Social networks have value for individuals and for communities.Networks are important because they:Transmit informationHelp overcome dilemmas of collective actionEncourage reciprocity and trustInfluence identities and thus encourage altruismSocial capital can be used for “bad” purposes, like human capital, but mostly is used for good purposes
10 Social capital is associated with: More honest and efficient community lifeEffective governmentTax and legal complianceLow corruptionCreditworthinessBetter educational outcomesImproved child welfareLower infant mortalityLower teen pregnancyLow crimeBetter physical and mental healthImproved economic performanceGreater life satisfaction
11 Types of social connectedness Formal vs. informalOrganizational membershipCivic activity (e.g., meetings, projects)Personal support (friends and neighbors)“Virtual” vs. face-to-faceBridging vs. BondingDifferent types have different effects
13 Ups and downs of social capital in US history Bowling Alone: Social capital in US rose , but fellWhy? Technological and social change made earlier forms of social capital obsoleteChallenge for all societies undergoing rapid change: How to foster new forms of civil society
14 Social capital and other human values What is the effect of migration and ethnic diversity on social capital?What are the effects of the internet on social capital?What are the effects of inequality on social capital and of social capital on inequality?
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