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Clemens Rossell (clrossel) UCBU Unity Connection 8.0(2) Virtualization TOI
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 2 Disclaimer This TOI does not cover virtualization basics For a very high level overview of virtualization refer to the following Skyhook TOI from Jim Bryant: http://wwwin- eng.cisco.com/Eng/VTG/IPCBU/Presentations/skyhook- virtualization-tac-toi.pptx Some things you should know first:
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 3 TOI Objectives What is Ciscos ideal target customer for virtualization? Unity Connection installation requirements How should the virtual machine be configured? Connection OVA templates: (1) what are they & (2) why should customers use them? Connection scalability in a virtual environment VOS licensing model for virtualization & impact Physical to Virtual (P2V) Migration Process What should you know by the end of the TOI?
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 4 Customer Expectations Very knowledgeable of virtualization, not a newbie Maintains an existing virtual infrastructure: Existing Fibre-Channel SAN storage Existing VMware vCenter Server Existing VMware hosts Does not need hand holding (from Cisco) on VMware infrastructure maintenance & operations Typically 2,500 subscriber base Our ideal customer is:
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 5 Installation Requirements Cisco Unified Computing System hardware only Fibre-Channel SAN storage VMware ESX-i 4 Update 1 or higher ESX4 is not supported, it lowers performance All VMware features, except for VMware High Availability (HA), not supported for initial release Do not oversubscribe host CPU & memory At least one NTP server accessible to Connection Connection 8.0(2) or higher (see P2V migration) What does a customer need to know?
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 6 Virtual Machine Configuration One of the following minimums must be met 2 vCPU + 4GB RAM + One 200GB vDisk 4 vCPU + 4GB RAM + Two 146GB vDisks RAM & storage may be increased beyond minimums, for example: 4 vCPU + 8GB RAM + Two 300GB vDisks Do not oversubscribe host CPU & memory Virtual Machine Hardware 7 or higher How should a customer configure the CUC VM?
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 7 Virtual Machine Configuration (cont.) vDisks configured as Independent Persistent Independent persistent mode provides the best storage performance, important for a real-time app Disks not affected by snapshots (not supported anyway) How should a customer configure the CUC VM?
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 8 Connection VMware OVA Templates Two templates providing the following overlays: 2 vCPU + 4GB RAM + One 200GB vDisk 4 vCPU + 4GB RAM + Two 146GB vDisks An OVA template is VMwares way of rubber stamping VMs, all settings deployed to new VM Provides starting point if customer wishes to make additional customization, e.g increased RAM or storage resources assigned to VM SAN alignment: the virtual disks have been already aligned @ 64K boundaries, improved IOPS vs. creating a VM from scratch What are they?
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 9 Connection VMware OVA Templates (cont.) Not required to install Connection in a VM Highly recommended due to IOPS gain w/ respect to file aligned virtual disks Customer will need to set BIOS boot order appropriately prior to installation: (1)virtual DVD drive boots first (2)then hard drive VMware does not currently store BIOS settings in OVA IOPS gains may be lost if storage capacity of virtual disks increased, may be necessary in some cases Why would a customer use the Cisco overlays?
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 10 Scalability Limits Based on Overlays 2 vCPU + 4GB RAM + One 200GB vDisk 100 Ports 5,000 Subscribers 4 vCPU + 4GB RAM + Two 146GB vDisks 150 Ports 10,000 Subscribers Note that port scalability is less than the current highest physical overlay (250 ports on a 7845 I3). Increasing storage will increase the number of subscribers that the Connection VM can have, e.g. two 300 GB vDisks can scale to 20,000 subscribers How does Connection in a VM scale?
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 11 Virtualization Licensing Model Physical MAC address no longer used to host license for any VOS-based app (Connection/UCM) Slightly similar to Microsoft Windows Activation: license is tied to multiple machine data points Customer must run show status CLI command to obtain License MAC value after Connection install Existing customer licenses for physical machines will not work in a virtual environment Customer must engage Cisco account team to obtain new licenses for virtualization VOS platform changed how licensing works in a VM
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 12 Virtualization Licensing Model (cont.) License MAC value tied to: Timezone, NTP Server, NIC speed/duplex setting, hostname, DHCP/static setting, primary DNS setting, SMTP hostname & X.509 certificate information Changing any of the machine settings listed above after installation will require re-hosting of licenses (existing licenses will become invalid) Customers should plan out network settings of Connection VM before install to prevent re-hosting VOS platform changed how licensing works in a VM
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 13 Virtualization Licensing Model (cont.) Once you change one of the parameters that creates the License MAC, you will enter a 30 day grace period. Customer can revert to previous settings & the license will be valid again. Customer can request a re-host of the license during the grace period. If a customer needs more than a 30-day grace period: change settings back to the licensed values & then change back to what you need & customer will get 30 more days. Licensing grace period
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 14 Virtualization Licensing Model (cont.) License process does not change, only the license key changes The License MAC value is: Not the MAC of the NIC in the virtual machine A hash of various data from the Cisco Unity Connection server Hashed to produce a 12 digit hex string that looks like a MAC address Not a real MAC address Key takeaways
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 15 Physical to Virtual Migrations Customers physical server supports CUC 8.X: (1)Run Disaster Recover System (DRS) backup on physical machine (2)Shutdown physical machine (3)Fresh install in VM of same version as physical machine (must use exact hostname & network settings for DRS to work) (4)Run DRS restore of data (5)Upgrade to Cisco Unity Connection 8.0(2) Cisco expects most customers to follow this path
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 16 Physical to Virtual Migrations (cont.) Customers physical server does not support 8.X: (1)Upgrade to Unity Connection 7.1(3) on physical machine (2)Run Disaster Recover System (DRS) backup on physical machine (3)Shutdown physical machine (4)Fresh install of 7.1(3) on VM (must use exact hostname & network settings for DRS to work) (5)Run DRS restore (6)Upgrade to Cisco Unity Connection 8.0(2) Customer must upgrade VM to Unity Connection 8.0(2) or higher or will not be TAC supported Cisco expects most customers to follow this path
© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 17 How to identify Connection in a VM? The VOS platform will show virtual machine configuration from CLI & GUI to easily identify a system running in a virtual machine
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