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MilkTech International © MilkTech International Milking Machines An Introduction to what they are, how they work, and their parts
© MilkTech International What is a Milking Machine? A machine for harvesting milk from the udders of cows, goats, bison, sheep or animals.
© MilkTech International Milk Harvesting Milk harvesting is the process of extracting milk from animals Transporting the milk to a storage tank Storing the milk until it is picked up for processing. Milk is usually cooled during storage Milk harvest requires cooperative effort between : The animal and The operator And a properly functioning milking machine
© MilkTech International Milking Machine Goals A properly designed, installed, maintained, and operated milking machine will: Remove milk from the animal quickly and gently Not contribute to poor udder health Not degrade milk quality from the time of removal to delivery Be easy to clean and sanitize
© MilkTech International Milking Machine Components A milking machine is made up of several basic component groups Milking units Vacuum production and control system Milk transport system Cleaning and sanitation systems Milk Cooling and Storage systems Although not part of the milking machine itself, the milking machine always delivers milk to a storage container And milk is usually cooled on the farm
© MilkTech International Lets start with the big picture and see how these components fit together
© MilkTech International Lets have a closer look at the milking unit The milking unit is made up of several parts 4 Teatcups (for cows) A soft rubber liner that is mounted in a metal or plastic shell The soft rubber liner is the only part of the machine that touches the udder The claw Collect milk from all of the teatcups The Pulsator An air valve that creates pulsation or the opening and closing of the liner Connecting tubes Short milk tube = liner to claw Long milk tube = claw to milkline Short pulse tube = shell to air fork Long pulse tube = air fork to pulsator
© MilkTech International Lets see how we get milk out of a cow Vacuum is applied to the inside of the liner to withdraw milk from each teat and keep the machine attached to the cow When the pulsation chamber is under a vacuum, the liner is open and milk flow starts Atmospheric pressure is the applied to the pulsation chamber and the liner closes. Milk flow stops and the teat is massaged to reduce congestion
© MilkTech International Blue= Air Red= Milk Violet= Air+Milk Lets look at how air and milk move through the machine
© MilkTech International So here we are back at the start. QUIZ TIME!!! A: A machine for harvesting milk from the udders of cows, goats, bison, sheep or animals. Q: What is a Milking Machine?
© MilkTech International Can you identify the milking unit?
© MilkTech International Q: Can you identify these parts of the milking unit? Claw Liner Shell
© MilkTech International Q: Can you identify these parts of the milking machine? Milkline Receiver Milk Pump Vacuum Pump Vacuum Regulator
The Milking Machine. 1. Vacuum Pump Creates a vacuum which is used to: Transfer milk to the receiving vessel To perform the milking process To transport.
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MilkTech International © MilkTech International Completeness of Milking.
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