Presentation on theme: "The Odyssey Book13. Preparing for Departure Alkinoos calls the men together to gather gifts for Odysseus, filling the ship with treasures, food and drink."— Presentation transcript:
The Odyssey Book13
Preparing for Departure Alkinoos calls the men together to gather gifts for Odysseus, filling the ship with treasures, food and drink.
Last Requests Offer Sacrifices Grant peace from the gods Faith and fidelity from Penelope
Wishes Success and prosperity (king) Long life and joy (queen)
Odysseus Sleeps Homeric (epic) Simile- is a detailed comparison in the form of a simile that is many lines in length *form "like a ____ when it ______. Odysseus there fell asleep, gentle/ the sweetest kind of sleep with no awakening, most like/ death; while the ship as in a field four stallions drawing/ a chariot all break together at the stroke of the whiplash/ and lifting high their feet lightly beat out their path, so/ the stern of the ship would lift and the creaming wave behind her boiled…
Homers Description Odysseus -man with a mind like the gods -endured suffering and pain
Phorkys Harbor leading to Ithaca One entrance for mortals, one for gods Phaeacians beach the ship, carry the sleeping Odysseus and all his treasures, and leave him on the shore.
Poseidons fury Never took away Odyseeus homecoming Odysseus returns better than if he had come straight from Troy Zeus agreed that he would suffer Own people disgraced him and used their gift unrightfully Cannot expect honor if disrespected by mortals
Requests Destroy the ship Put a mountain on top of Phaeacia
Response Zeus allows him to turn the ship to stone in view of the Phaeacians but does not allow harm to the people of the island. *Recall Alkinoos then irrelevant story about Poseidons vengeance against the Phaeacians.
Phaeacians Sacrifice 12 bulls Abandon Xenia, the host-guest relationship
Ithaca Athene enshrouds Odysseus in a mist Disguises herself as a herdsman Reveals Ithaca
Odysseus Lies Exiled from Crete for the death of a man who tried to plunder his goods Desired to sail to Pylos but the wind changed Abandoned by his company
Transformation Athene transforms to a beautiful woman Criticizes Odysseus You wretch, so devious, never weary of tricks…even in your own country…deceiving (with) thievish tales.
More Criticism Smart and resourceful, yet he doesnt recognize Athene Claim to have helped him all along But now he must endure grief in silence
IS THIS A JOKE??? Where was Athene when the Cicones attacked him men, rulers the size of mountains feasted on his people, Scylla snatched 6 men, the ship was struck with lightning and he sailed for weeks among severe tempests… Athene sent him to the Phaeacians!
Explaining the Absence Could not defy Poseidon, her fathers brother Scatters the mist Devises a plan
Odysseus Accepts Fears he may perish like Agamemnon Assures him of the Achians memory You will not be forgotten at this time when the two of us go to work. Athene: withers flesh, dulls hair and eyes and dresses in rags Advises him to seek out he swineherd where he can ask his questions
Sparta Athene departs for Sparta to retrieve Telemachas Odysseus wonders why his son had to suffer Athene refrains from revealing the suitors intent A tap of the wand transforms Odysseus into an ancient old man in rags.