Presentation on theme: "Algonquian Speaking Nation Also known as the Tsistsistas, which means Beautiful People and as the Sotaaeo Split into Northern and Southern Cheyenne in."— Presentation transcript:
Algonquian Speaking Nation Also known as the Tsistsistas, which means Beautiful People and as the Sotaaeo Split into Northern and Southern Cheyenne in 1850.
Similar to Christianitys Old Testament and Gods creation of Adam and Eve. Haemmawihio created man from his right rib and woman from his left. Heammawihio moved woman to the north and man in the south. Twice a year the two battle for control of the earth
Original homeland was in the woodlands near the Great Lakes Placed in Indian Territory 1877 Escaped Indian Territory on September 10, 1878 Tongue River Reservation 1884
We dodged the soldiers during most of the way, but they were always near us and trying to catch us. Our young men fought them off in seven different battles. At each fight, some of our people were killed, women or children the same as men. I do not know how many of our grown-up people were killed. But I know that more than 60 of our children were gone when we got to the Dakota Country. ~ Susan Iron Teeth
Little Wolf and Dull Knife
Women picked wild plant foods Buffalo were hunted in two ways: Shooting or lancing from horseback Impounding, jumping or driving into deep snow Meat butchering was shared by men and women, but the drying and storage was womens work.
EARTHERN LODGES AND BARK HUTS TEPEES 3 POLE STRUCTURE COVERED IN BUFFALO SKINS
Transportation Before horses used dogs to pull travois. Horses became new way of transportation: Saddles Bridles Ropes travois
Bear Butte Sturgis, SD Known as Noavose, meaning The Hill Where the People Are Taught. Sweet Medicine received the Four Sacred Arrows from Maheoo here. Deer Medicine Rocks Located on reservation Where Hunkpapa Lakota Chief Sitting Bull went prior to battle of Little Big Horn. Lake DeSmet Central to spiritual ceremonies North of Buffalo, WY Cheyenne would go here for spiritual quests. Sacred Hat Esevone, the Sacred Buffalo Hat Source of female renewing power. Brought the Sun Dance, blesses the male and female relationships ensuring continual strength, harmony, and new life for the people and their world. Sacred Arrows Four black painted arrows given to Sweet Medicine at Bear Butte.
Hoop Game Dolls Lacrosse Musical Instruments
Marriage was postponed until a man had a respectable war record Courtship lasted several years Girls were chaperoned by families A girls brother had authority over her marriage. Marriage was often to a brothers friend or member of his military society.
Babies Umbilical cord was dried and saved 6 months ears were pierced Were not named until 5 or 6 years old Puberty For girls a horse was given away in honor of becoming a woman. Boys took active role in hunting and war parties Vision Quests Adulthood Marked by achievement Death Spirits traveled up to the Hanging Road or Milky Way to Seyan. In mourning women cut their hair and gashed themselves and men loosened their hair.
MENWOMEN Hunting Meat Butchering Warfare Made weapons Painted robes Ceremonial Life Doctoring the sick Meat Butchering Drying and storage Gathering fuel and wild plant foods. Preparation of clothing and robes Preparation of Lodges Pitching and dismantling tepees
Education Included: Language Ceremonies, customs, and traditions Tribal government Gender roles Morals Botany, biology, astronomy, geography Child rearing Hunting, weaponry Food preparation, nutrition, agriculture Bead work, sewing, making clothing, tanning hides Keeping a lodge Religion Healing and medicine
Education Boarding Schools St. Labre Indian School 1884 Cheyenne children forcibly taken from their families and taken to Catholic boarding school. 1904, the Tongue River Boarding school opened. An Indian Bureau School
Sovereign Government Tribal Council Members from Ashland, Birney, Bubsy, Muddy, and Lame Deer Maintains reservation including: Waterways Watercourses and streams
Problems Loss of Land Loss of Language Poverty
Located in Southeastern Montana Districts General- Lame Deer Ashland Birney Busby Muddy (vacant) 444,000 acres with 99% tribal ownership 10,050 enrolled tribal members with 4,939 on the reservation
(April 2002). Cheyenne Indian. Retrieved from Biles, J. (2012). Exhibits feature Indian art, Curtis Photos. Retrieved from Marjane, A., Little Bear, R.E., Wilson, D., Tall Bull, L., Hantz, J., Ward, C., Wertman, B. (2008). We, the Northern Cheyenne People: our land, our history, our culture. Northern Cheyenne Exodus. (2013, February 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:23, February 24, 2013, from Omaha public Schools. (2009). Cheyenne. nsIndians/Cheyenne/tabid/210/Default.aspx Rock, J. Whitehorse Tipi Village. Little Coyote, J. (2002). An Overview of Northern Cheyenne Culture and History. ar File.dat/Chap2.pdf ar File.dat/Chap2.pdf (2013). Countries and Their Cultures: Cheyenne-economy.