Presentation on theme: "U3 E2: El subjuntivo con nonexistent and indefinite clauses (pg. 210)"— Presentation transcript:
U3 E2: El subjuntivo con nonexistent and indefinite clauses (pg. 210)
You have learned to use the subjunctive with expressions of emotion and doubt, and when youre not sure something will definitely happen. Now you will learn how to use the subjunctive in order to say that something may not exist.
1. Before we begin in Spanish, lets see how the concept works in English: Im looking for a car that is fast. The speaker is looking for a car that is fast. Does this fast car definitely exist? No. What part of the sentence is subjunctive? Well, the speaker is definitely looking, but the idea of the car being fast is only a possibility. Maybe at the dealership where hes looking there are only slow, rusty cars. Therefore, the is fast part of the sentence has to be subjunctive. Underline the part of the English sentence that should be subjunctive. Heres the sentence in Spanish: Busco un coche que sea rápido. There is no shirt here in this store that I like. The speaker indicates that the shirt he/she might like does not exist, at least not in this store. What part of this sentence would be subjunctive in English? Underline it. Heres the sentence in Spanish: No hay ninguna camisa aquí en esta tienda que me guste (that might be pleasing to me).
Try these! Underline the part of the sentence that requires the subjunctive. 1.There are no dresses here that I like. 2.There is no car that can fly! 3.There is no one at the meeting who feels happy right now.
1. Use the subjunctive when you are not sure that something exists (there may not be/there is no) Words and expressions that trigger this use of the subjunctive in Spanish: No hay………..que _____There is no ___ that_________ No hay nadie que There is no one that No hay nada que___There is nothing that __________ No hay ningún / ninguna ……que _____There is no / not any ___ that ________
*** Whats the difference between saying No hay ninguna fruta que me guste and No hay fruta que me guste is this: If you specify by using NINGUNA, you are implying that you are in front of a bunch of fruit and out of that display, you dont like any of them. If you dont use ninguna and instead say No hay fruta que me guste, what you are saying is that NO FRUIT EXISTS that you like, in GENERAL.
Try these! Traduce. 1.There is no penguin that eats flowers. ______________________________________ 2.There isnt anyone who (will) go out with you. (jaja) __________________________________ 3.There is no roast suckling pig that I (will) buy.______________________________________ 4.There is nothing here that we want. _________________________________________
2. Use the subjunctive when you are looking for, wanting, or needing something that may not exist 1. When your sentence says that someone looks for, wants, or needs something that may or may not exist, we also need the subjunctive. (What will these triggers be in Spanish? ________________, ________________________, _________________________ + que
Circle the part of the sentence that opens the door for the subjunctive, and underline the subjunctive part. 1. I need a book that is not heavy. 2.You want a meal that costs nothing. 3.We are looking for flowers that wont die in 3 days.
You already know how to form the present subjunctive: present yo form, drop the O, add opposite ending. There is no one who dances like you: No hay nadie que baile como tú. If you used the indicative here (baila), that would imply that such a person definitely exists. The rest of the statement says that there is NO ONE who can dance like you, so the subjunctive must be used. Buscamos músicos que sepan tocar música mariachi. We dont know if these musicians exist. For all we know, no one knows how to play mariachi. Thats why you cant use saben. Sepan is the subjunctive form of Saber.
Words and expressions that trigger this use of the subjunctive in Spanish: Buscar/querer/necesitar………que I want/am looking for/need (something) that (subj) ¿Hay algo/alguien que…? ___Is there something/someone that (subj)?__ ¿Conoces a alguien que…? __Do you know someone who / that (subj)_?____ ¿Tienes algo que …? __Do you have something that (subj)? (note: the expressions with question marks are subjunctive only when used in a question. In these cases, the question also implies doubt that something exists)
Try these! 1.Do you have something that (might) alleviate (aliviar) my cough (tos)? ________________________________________ _____________________________________ 2.She needs an ocelot that can run. ________________________________________ _________________________________________ 3. Do all of you know someone who beautifies communities? ________________________________________ ________________________________
4.My dad wants a tie that (will) make him handsome. _______________________________________ ___________________________ 5.My mom is looking for a book club that reads interesting material. _______________________________________ ___________________________