Presentation on theme: "The Celts 1 Who were the Celts? The Celts came from central Europe to Ireland around 600 B.C. They were fearless warriors and they were very skilled in."— Presentation transcript:
The Celts 1 Who were the Celts? The Celts came from central Europe to Ireland around 600 B.C. They were fearless warriors and they were very skilled in working with metal. They discovered iron. This was much stronger than bronze (which was used before) so their weapons were stronger in battles. This time (600 B.C. – about 43 A.D.) was known as the Iron Age. The early Celts didn't read or write. Luckily, the Greeks and Romans wrote about the Iron Age Celts. They tell us that the Celts lived in tribes, they wore gold and loved to fight and drink wine. They also wrote about the power of the Celts' priests, who were called druids.
The Celts 2 Houses The Celts lived in roundhouses with thatched roofs of straw or heather. The walls were usually made from wattle and daub (wood, clay and straw). Families lived together in settlements - children, parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins. Here, the roundhouses were built in groups. The walls protected them from wolves and wild boar.
The Celts 3 Ogham writing The Celts used Ogham writing. They started off by carving Ogham onto pieces of wood but then they began to carve onto rocks which became known as Ogham Stones. If you were reading an Ogham stone, you would read it from the bottom to the top. There are only twenty letters in the early Irish Ogham alphabet instead of the twenty-six we have in our alphabet.
The Celts 4 Celtic designs
The Celts 5 Clothing The Celts liked colourful clothes. They used berries and plants to dye wool different colours. They often used tartan patterns Women wore dresses fastened with brooches. Men would wear a tunic with a belt, a cloak and trousers. The Romans tell us that some Celts painted patterns all over their bodies using a special plant. Men sometimes used lime to spike their hair up before battle.
The Celts 6 Warriors The most famous soldiers wore fancy bronze helmets on their head to show how important they were. Often there were model birds, animals or horns on the helmets which made them even more special. Warriors carried huge shields decorated with signs or patterns.
The Celts 7 Food The Celts were very good farmers. Their iron tools helped them to cut down forests and plough land. They lit fires in the centre of their roundhouses to cook meat such as beef and pork. They also ate vegetables like cabbage, turnips and carrots. They grew cereals like wheat, barley and oats. They used the barley to make bread, porridge and beer.
The Celts 8 Religion The Celts worshipped many gods. The main god was Daghda, god of the afterlife. Lugh was the god of war and harvest. Druids: Druids were pagan priests. It could take up to 20 years to become a druid. The Celts believed that druids had magical powers and could see into the future. This is a sculpture of a druid near Tullamore, Co. Offaly.
NAME: _________________________________ _____ DATE:____________ Station 1: 1.Place an X on this timeline to show when the Celts arrived in Ireland: 2. How have we found out about the Celts? ___________________________________________________________________ Station 2: 1.What were roundhouses made from? __________________________________________ 2.Why did the Celts build walls around their settlements? ___________________ ___________________________________________________ Station 3: Station 4: Write your name in Ogham:(bottom to top!) Design this shield using a Celtic design: 1AD2000AD1000AD1000BC2000BC 1500BC500BC500AD1500AD Station 5: How did the Celts make their clothes colourful? __________________________________________ What clothes did Celtic women wear? _________________________________ Station 6: Look at the helmet. What designs can you see? ___________________________________________ Do you think it belonged to a famous soldier? _________ Why? __________________ ______________________________________________________ Station 7: What meat did the Celts eat? _________________________________________ What do you think the people in the picture might be cooking? ______________________ _____________________________________________________________ Station 8: Name two Celtic gods. ___________________________________ What were Celtic priests called? ______________