2What Is Self Concept?Self concept is the set of values and beliefs, conscious or accessible to one's consciousness, as well as attitudes and opinions the individual has of himself, and of himself as regards others, the world and all that one's mind can reach.
3Types of Disorders Identity Disorders -one cannot identify correctly with one’s self because of the disorderSelf Esteem Disorders-low self esteem in someone can generate these disorders
4Identity Disorders Gender Identity Disorder Person’s sex and gender identity conflictPerson wants to become the other genderOften Cross DressesIncreasing number have surgeryDissociative DisorderMultiple Personality DisorderMore than one identityEach identity is unique and different8-13 personalities per person with disorder is the averageResults from traumatic experience during childhood
5Identity Disorders Cont’d Narcissistic Personality DisorderDesires attention & admirationSelf centered and big into self importanceLow self esteem but act entitled to everythingObsessive Compulsive Personality DisorderPerfectionismIndecisiveness and little emotionOppositional Defiant DisorderChildren ignore requests & rulesSaying noBlame others
6Characteristics Negative Self-Concept Identity Issues • Doing poorly in school;• Having few friends;• Putting down one-self and others;• Rejecting compliments;• Teasing others;• Showing excessive amounts of anger;• Being excessively jealous;• Appearing conceited; or• Hesitating to try new thingsIdentity Issues•Identity problems•Negative self definition•Confused boundaries•Feelings of emptiness•Difficulty maintaining any personal relationships•Hyper vigilance/other directed
9Gender Identity Disorder Treatments Psychological therapy can alter the course of gender identity disorder. Early intervention can lead to less transsexual behavior later in life. The initial focus of the treatment is to help the individual function in his/her biologic sex role as well as possible. Adults who have severe gender identity disorder which has persisted for many years sometimes request reassignment of their sex, or sex-change surgery. Prior to this kind of surgery they usually go through a long period of hormone therapy which attempts to suppress same sex characteristics and accentuate other sex characteristics.
10Dissociative Disorder Treatments The treatment for dissociative amnesia is therapy aimed at helping the client/patient restore lost memories as soon as possible. If a person is not able to recall the memories, hypnosis or a medication called Pentothal (thiopental) can sometimes help to restore the memories. Psychotherapy can help an individual deal with the trauma associated with the recalled memories.
11Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatments Cognitive behavioral therapy. In general, cognitive behavioral therapy helps you identify unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with healthy, positive ones.Family therapy. Family therapy typically brings the whole family together in therapy sessions. You and your family explore conflicts, communication and problem-solving to help cope with relationship problems.Group therapy. Group therapy, in which you meet with a group of people with similar conditions, may be helpful by teaching you to relate better with others. This may be a good way to learn about truly listening to others, learning about their feelings and offering support.
12The short-term goal of psychotherapy for narcissistic personality disorder is to address such issues as substance abuse, depression, low self-esteem or shame. The long-term goal is to reshape your personality, at least to some degree, so that you can change patterns of thinking that distort your self-image and create a realistic self-image.
13Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Treatments Psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder A type of therapy called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be the most effective form of therapy for OCD in both children and adults. Cognitive behavioral therapy involves retraining your thought patterns and routines so that compulsive behaviors are no longer necessary.Certain psychiatric medications can help control the obsessions and compulsions of OCD. Most commonly, antidepressants are tried first. Antidepressants may be helpful for OCD because they may help increase levels of serotonin, which may be lacking when you have OCD.
14Oppositional Defiant Disorder Treatments Treatment requires commitment from the parent to follow through with what is going on in the child's life.Usually improving parent skills will benefit the child’s behavior.Diagnosing the child with ADHD, depression or anxiety, treating those issues will also improve the child.
15Case StudyRose is a 27 year old cashier at a convenience store. Rose believes she should be the full-time supervisor because she could do a much better job than the current supervisor. She has not had a substantial relationship since she was 16 years old and says it is because “The guys I choose aren’t good enough for me.” Rose takes advantage of anyone and everyone, including her parents whom she still lives with but can barely associate with because she believes she is better than them.
16Recognition, Assessment, Intervention, & Referral Narcissistic Personality DisorderFrom the case study, we assume Rose has a moderate to high narcissism level.Cognitive behavioral therapy to recognize her unhealthy behaviors and turn them into positive ones.Family therapy to bring the family together so everyone can explore conflicts and relationship issues.Group therapy so people with some of the same issues as Rose can get together and learn how to better communicate with others.