Presentation on theme: "Nez Perce Indians They got their name from the French explorers who thought that the tribes practiced or were supposed to practice the custom of piercing."— Presentation transcript:
Nez Perce Indians They got their name from the French explorers who thought that the tribes practiced or were supposed to practice the custom of piercing the nose, but the people of the tribe never actually did this. Historians are confused about why the name stuck. The people of this tribe like to be called Nimi'ipuu, which means the "real people"
What region is home to the Nez Perce? Inuits Kwakiutl Nez Perce
The Nez Perce and other Plateau Indians lived in the Columbia Plateau
What is a plateau? A high steep-sided flat area of land that is higher than surrounding land and is often between mountains. Look at the next slide to see what mountains What mountains surround the Columbia Plateau? (next slide)
COLUMBIA PLATEAU *
Nez Perce Historical Park What landforms do you see?
Climate Hot, dry summers Cold, dry winters Frequent cloud cover and considerable fog Average temperatures range from a high of 84.0 degrees to a low of 20.0 degrees.
The environment affected where the Nez Perce lived The Nez Perce lived in groups of extended families, in small villages along streams and rivers like the Columbia, Salmon and Snake River. ocean
What natural resources are near rivers and streams?
The environment affected what the Nez Perce ate The Nez Perce seasonally migrated throughout their territory in order to take advantage of natural resources. Food animals included salmon and other fish, mountain goats and sheep, bear, moose, elk, deer, small game, and birds
They travelled by canoe on the rivers to fish for salmon and other fish
The tribe also travelled by horse to hunt buffalo in the Great Plains
Plants they ate included camas bulbs, bitterroot, bark, pine nuts, moss, sunflower seeds, wild carrots, wild onions, and several varieties of berries.
What do you think the Nez Perce traded? Animal furs Fish like dried salmon Buffalo They owned the largest horse herd on the continent Dried plants Sheep Goat Elk, Moose, Deer meat
. They lived in mat-covered long houses. The length varied, but could be over 100 feet long. These dwellings were used for ceremonial purposes, and for winter housing by several families.
The Nez Perce followed their food source seasonally. They would use earthen houses and later, tipis, as temporary houses. How did the environment affect their housing?
The environment affected their clothes The men wore long, fringed buckskin shirts, leggings, belts, moccasins and a feathered bonnet. In the cold weather, men wore buffalo or bison skin robes. Women wore long, belted buckskin dresses, corn husk basketry hats, and knee length moccasins. The dresses were decorated with elk teeth, beads made of shell, bone, and later glass, porcupine quills, and vegetable and mineral dyes.
What Nez Perce women are famous for. Nez Perce women are famous for their beadwork and the beautifully crafted... Baskets Bags And hats. They weave from… Hemp Corn husks And other plant fibers.