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Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Native Americans from Texas By Laurie Hill.

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Presentation on theme: "Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Native Americans from Texas By Laurie Hill."— Presentation transcript:

1 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Native Americans from Texas By Laurie Hill

2 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Outline

3 Objectives By the end of this power point, I would like my students to be able to… –U–Understand where the Indians came from first –U–Understand the different areas of Texas Native Americans lived –B–Be able to identify the type of food, clothing, and housing the Indians used –I–Identify unique attributes of certain tribes …in order to make their own PPT!

4 The First Americans It is thought that most Native Americans are descendents from people that crossed over from Asia to America on a land bridge– the Bering Land bridge. As the world's glaciers and ice sheets melted over the following millennia, rising sea level flooded the land bridge. This picture demonstrates the diminishing of the bridge over thousands of years

5 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Migration Paths

6 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians,

7 The Comanche Migrated from Wyoming Hunters and gatherers Used the horse for their main source of transportation and food-getting Well dressed – The Comanche leaders often wore fine European clothes, with many silver conchos and fine leather boots.

8 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Comanche Lived in tee-pees Good warriors and traders (although, thieves) Often spoke more than one language Click here for more important facts

9 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Wichita Semisedentary lifestyle –farms and villages, but also moved around Fall would migrate west to go on a buffalo hunt In spring lived in grass huts in villages – grew maize, pumpkins, squash, beans and plums

10 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Wichita Tattoos raccoon- eyed people Wore clothes made of tanned hides Men: shirts, loin cloths and leggings Women: dresses that reached from their chin to their ankles Moccasins Elk teeth were very valuable –trade items with neighboring tribes Click the picture for more info

11 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Caddo Lived in piney areas of East Texas –Grass huts like the Wichitas Farmers –corn, beans, squash and other crops Set fires in the woods to burn away clearings to farm Women would gather wild plant food like acorns, black berries Men would travel in hunting parties for buffalo Buffalo robes

12 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Caddo Texas is a Caddoan word –It means "those who are friends" –The Tejas Caddo tribes were all "friends Made bows and arrows out of bois de arc wood Made axes to cut down trees Beautiful pottery Click the ax for more information

13 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Lets Review! 1.Where is it thought that the first humans that came to America came from? 2.Where did the Comanche Indians live? The Wichita? The Caddo? 3.What kind of house did the Comanches live in? The Wichita? The Caddo? 4.Which Native Texans were hunter/ gatherers? 5.Which were farmers? 6.What does Tejas mean?

14 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Tonkawa The people of the wolf –Believed descended from mythical wolf Totemic belief system –each clan had a mythical animal or spirit to guard them Click the picture or the wolf on the next slide for more information.

15 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Tonkawa Tattooed bodies Hill country of central Texas –Shared land with the Karankawa and Coahuiltecan Friendly, but enemies with Comanche and Apache tribes Hunted and gathered food –Fish, deer, blackberries Lived in huts, wickiups and tee- pees wickiups

16 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Apaches Migrated to Texas from Canada Apache is probably Zuni which means enemyApache –The Apache and Navajo called themselves the Dine –Dine in Apache or Navajo means "the people Built wickiups and teepees Semi-sedentary –Farmed and hunted

17 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Apaches Wore leather boots and wide cloth headbands After the horse, stopped farming to hunt Pushed further south by Comanche –Two groups: Lipan and Mescaleros Sought refuge in Spanish missions but treated like slaves Geronimo- famous leader of the Mescalero ApachesApaches –1870s- led a famous raid in southern New Mexico and far west Texas

18 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Karankawa Galveston and Corpus Christi area Food= fish fish fish! Clothing –Men: breach cloths or nothing at all –Women: grass skirts Lived in wickiups during the winter Got around in canoes –Could hold a family and all their possessions

19 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Karankawa Larger than most Native Americans at 6 Often unfairly labeled as cannibals Click on the fish for more information on the Karankawa culture

20 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Coahuiltecan Many similar groups of Indians in the same area –called the Coahuiltican Indians out of convenience South Texas, Eastern Mexico Hunters and gatherers until people started to come to America Dirty and smelly –Diseases –Became extremely poor

21 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, The Coahuiltecan Wickiups, sometimes Little clothing, if any Made sandles out of lechuguilla plants Click the cactus for more info.

22 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Jumano West Texas Farmers –grew corn, beans and squash –grew cotton for clothes and blankets Adobe houses

23 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Jumano Clean and neat Men shaved their heads except for at the top Traders Supposedly naked except for when it was cold- wore blankets

24 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Lets Review! 1.What did the Tonkawa Indians call themselves? 2.Which Native Texans lived in adobe houses? 3.How did the Karankawa clans get around? 4.Why were the Coahuiltecan clans dirty and smelly? 5.What Indian heritage was Geronimo? 6.What type of homes did the Tonkawa, Apache, Karankawa, Coahuiltecan, and Jumano Indians live in?

25 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Before you go to the next slide, see if you can remember where these Native Texans lived! When you get to the next slide, try to guess the names in order before you click.

26 Comanche Caddo

27 Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, Now that you have learned briefly about Native Americans, you can make your own, more interesting (and more fun) power point!

28 Bibliography (Incomplete) 0bering Indians Who Lived In Texas, Hendrick-Long Publishing, 1981


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