Presentation on theme: "1 By Flannery Oconnor (first published in 1953) A Good Man is Hard to Find."— Presentation transcript:
1 By Flannery Oconnor (first published in 1953) A Good Man is Hard to Find
2 Flannery Oconnor ( ) American author Born in Savannah, Georgia –Bible belt Catholic background Attended Georgia State College for women
3 Flannery Oconnor Wrote in Southern gothic tradition Combined comic with tragic and brutal Was profoundly influenced by the spiritual nature of the region in which she lived
4 Types of Conflict Person vs. person Person vs. self Person vs. God Person vs. Nature Find evidence of each type.
5 Movement of Events Exposition –Family discusses trip to Florida. –Children are rude and cynical. –Grandmother doesnt want to go. Complication –The Tower Restaurant –June Star is rude. –Discussion of The Misfit –Title line occurs. Climax –The murders –Grandmothers and Misfits epiphanies Denouement –Its no real pleasure in life.
6 Natural Setting both friendly and hostile Georgia roadside –Stone Mountain –sparkling trees –child waving –private cemetery with 5 or 6 graves –moderate temperature –deserted back road outside Toomsboro –woods
7 Man-made Setting Both friendly and hostile The familys house –Arguing goes on there between children and Grandmother. The car –Stories from Grandmother and fighting of children –The accident The Tower Restaurant –Filling station/dance hall –Outside Timothy, Georgia –Tennessee Waltz –Monkey
8 Major Characters Protagonist = Grandmother ( developing ) –Dresses like a lady –Values orderliness –Is practical –Forgetful –Tells stories –Is good-hearted –Believes in Jesus –Gives and receives grace in the end Antagonist = The Misfit ( developing ) –Looks like a scholar –Is driving a hearse –Polite –Speculative –Rejects Christ –Perceives and rejects grace –Loses pleasure in meanness
9 Minor Characters Spiritually undeveloped –Bailey Boy Easily manipulated Wears parrot shirt –His wife Remains unnamed Resembles a rabbit or cabbage –John Wesley and June Star The children Disrespectful to adults Hiram and Bobby Lee –The Misfits boys Red Sammy –Owns Barbecue –Laments lack of goodness in people Red Sammys wife –Remains unnamed –Polite –Distrustful of husband
10 Title –Refers to every persons need for grace. –Note similarity between Good Man and Young Goodman Brown. Point of View –Third person limited through Grandmothers eyes A Good Man is Hard to Find A Good Man is Hard to Find
11 Major and minor symbols abound. Names of people and places –John Wesley Major religious figure Wrote and preached about grace –Red Sammy Devil figure Sees only evil in mankind –Lack of names in some Most of the men and boys have names but no women except for June Star. –The Misfit Rejects social and moral norms –Toomsboro Foreshadows death of family
12 Other Symbols Animals –Monkey a symbol for the devil and many vices –Cat also associated with the diabolical Clings to Bailey like a caterpillar –Signifying transformation? Rubs against Misfit –Parrot and rabbit Bailey Boy and wife both passive and irresolute
13 More Symbols The Color Red –Red Sammy Devil image –Bobby Lees red shirt –Misfits red eyes and ankles brutality Evil impotence Physical positions –Bailey Boy In sprint position but doesnt move Leans against a gray, naked pine trunk –Cross image? – Is Bailey transformed at the end in his confrontation with death? Cat clings to his neck –Bailey is always acted upon –But this could ironically be the act that saves him
14 Other Symbols Physical Positions (cont.) –Grandmother Begins by looking down on Misfit drops hat –resignation Dies smiling and looking up –In a state of grace Foreshadowing –Cemetery with 5 or 6 graves –Woods gaped like a dark mouth Snake image –sprang back as though a snake had bitten him
15 Like Hawthorne, Oconnor explores the evil nature of mankind. But for her, although evil abounds, grace does as well. Every person needs grace. Every person can have it. The need for and availability of grace