Presentation on theme: "Safety In the Ag Mechanics Shop Mr. Mederos Agriculture Mechanics I Agriculture Mechanics II Agriculture Mechanics III Agriculture Mechanics IV."— Presentation transcript:
Safety In the Ag Mechanics Shop Mr. Mederos Agriculture Mechanics I Agriculture Mechanics II Agriculture Mechanics III Agriculture Mechanics IV
Farm Accidents 2% Poisoning 12% Drowning 44% Farm Machinery 9% Hit By Objects 7% Electrical Current 5% Falls 6% Firearms 4% Animals 2% Burns 9% All others
Safety Colors RedOrangeYellow BlueGreenBlack and Yellow Stripes Black and White Stripes WhiteGray
Safety Colors Red= Danger (Red is used to identify areas or items of danger or emergency such as safety switches and fire equipment Orange= Warning (Orange is used to designate machines hazards such as edges and openings
Safety Colors Yellow= Caution (Yellow is used is used to identify parts of machines, such as wheels, levers and knobs that adjust the machine. Blue= Information (Blue is used as signs of warning or caution (Out Of Order)) Green= Safety- Safety equipment, safety areas, first aid and medical practice
Safety Colors Black and Yellow Diagonal Stripes= Radioactivity- Radiations Hazards White= Traffic Areas-Arrows show direction of traffic White and Black Stripes=Traffic markings, Barricades Gray= Floors- Floors of the work area
Protective Clothing Safety Glasses- Offer minimum eye protection and are the first line of defense for the eyes. Safety Glasses must be worn at all times in the shop!!!!!!!!!!! Hair Restraints- Hair must be tied back in the shop. Some accidents are caused by hair getting caught in the machines.
Protective Clothing Coveralls- are recommended to protect clothing and your body in the shop. Aprons- can be worn but are limited protection Shop Coats- are recommended and work well No shorts, skirts, dresses or ragged clothing are allowed
Protective clothing Footwear- leather shoes are recommended, closed toed shoes with backs are the least requirement. Absolutely, NO open toed shoes, flip flops, or high heels will be worn in the shop
Protective Clothing Gloves provide protection to the hands from heat and cold. Hard Hats- are needed when objects are being moved overhead or flying objects can be encountered Masks and Respirators- Should be worn to filter out dust, fumes and particles from the air
Protective Clothing Ear Muffs and Ear Plugs- should be worn when operating equipment to protect your ears from the noise. Cal- OSHA has established that the maximum noise level is 90 (dB) for eight hours
Permitted Sounds Duration Per Day in HoursSound Level in dB ½ ½ 110 ¼ or less115 NoneOver 115
Elements Of Fire Fire FuelHeat Oxygen
Classes of Fire Extinguishers Class A- Ordinary Combustibles includes wood, papers, and trash. No presence of electricity and (or) liquid Class B- Flammable Liquids, include fuels, greases, paint, and other liquids as long as they are not in the presence of electricity
Classes of Fire Extinguishers Class C- Electrical Equipment. Class C fires involve the presence of electricity. Class D- Combustible Materials are metals that burn.
Emergencies Or Accidents 1)Notify the Teacher 2)Keep Everyone Calm 3)Set Off the Fire Alarm 4)Call the Fire Department 5)Clear the Area 6)Use Fire Extinguishers if instructed to.
Safety comes first! Always wear safety glasses. When 5 with heated objects, always wear gloves. No running or horseplay. Learn to do a job the right way. Report all injuries to the instructor. Observe all warning signs or tags.
Turn off machines when not in use or during repair. Unless you have been taught to run a machine, dont use it. Always use the proper tool for the job. Avoid wearing loose or overly baggy clothing when working with machinery. Be aware of people around you at all times. Use correct shaded lens when welding. Know where fire escapes and fire extinguishers are.
PRESENTATION OUTLINE GENERAL SHOP SAFETY HOUSEKEEPING FIRE PREVENTION MANAGEMENT WELDING SHOP SAFETY EYE PROTECTION DRESS CODE BEHAVIOR VENTILATION
Housekeeping Cleaning work areas Sweepingprevent slips and falls Keeping designated walking areas clear of debris Restoring equipment and tools after job is completed
Fire Prevention Discard frayed cords and wires Keep flammable liquids away from heat Class C fire extinguishers for electrical fires with a 15 foot maximum distance apart
General Management Safety programstraining, meetings, etc. MSDS sheets Emergency phone numbers
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure when it comes to eye protection Always wear proper eye protection when working in the shop A welder must be protected from harmful light radiation given off by the welding process For welding you will be using chipping goggles and a welding helmet SAFETY: Eye Protection
Here are examples of proper eye protection
Dress Code Wear properly fitted clothes. When welding, sleeves should be buttoned and gloves should be worn. Wear boots or high top; Tightly laced shoes. Do not wear loose clothing, shirt tails, and unbuttoned sleeves around power equipment. Do not wear clothes that you do not want to get dirty.
Heres a good example of a welder wearing all the proper welding protection
Behavior Most accidents are caused by carelessness Caused by human error Refrain from getting involved in poor shop behavior: scufflingplaying with tools trippingrunning pushinghurrying projects disobeying shop rulesloud talking
Welding Fumes Welding fumes can be harmful to the welder causing implications such as: Irritation of the respiratory tract Metal fume fever A condition known as siderosis Slightly increase the risk of lung cancer For these reasons, one should take precaution with welding fumes
Welding Fumes Welding should be done in a well ventilated area Should attempt to control fumes at the source Common ways Extracted benches Local exhaust ventilation
Common Ventilation Practices Extracted bench method Local exhaust ventilation