Presentation on theme: "Women in the Middle East Sharia Law Body of Islamic religious law Legal framework within which the public and some private aspects of life are regulated."— Presentation transcript:
Women in the Middle East
Sharia Law Body of Islamic religious law Legal framework within which the public and some private aspects of life are regulated There is no strictly static codified set of laws of sharia. Sharia is more of a system of how law ought to serve humanity, a consensus of the unified spirit.
Dress Codes Men have a more relaxed dress code: the body must be covered from knee to waist. Women are required to cover all of their bodies except hands and face. The rationale given for these rules is that men and women are not to be viewed as sexual objects.
It is a common concern in the west that Muslim women are oppressed and forced to wear the Hijab or headscarf by their male counterparts. Muslim males contend that the majority of women choose to wear the garment of their own free will. The main principle reason for the hijab is modesty.
Burka The burka is thought to have originated in the Arabian peninsula and can still be found there today.
Hajib The word hijab refers to the variety of styles in which Muslim women use scarves and large pieces of cloth to cover their hair, neck and sometimes shoulders.
Chador The chador is the full-body cloak Muslim women in Iran are expected to wear outdoors.
Nikab The nikab is the form of Muslim veiling that comes closest to what is actually meant by the English word "veil."
Rights of Women in Saudi Arabia Able to attend universities (separated from men) Work in female only occupations Can keep their own name when married Property protected Cannot drive Must wear hajib Can only marry a Muslim Can only divorce if granted by the man or approved by court Cannot talk to men outside their family Gained right to vote in 2004
Saudi Arabia forbids women to eat while publicly exposed. All restaurants, have 'family areas' where women can eat behind the curtains.
Partition to separate the Single Men side from the Family Side
Penalties Mutawa – religious police Arrested, lashes U.S. Woman Arrested in Saudi Arabia Starbucks
Advances for Women Kuwait: Women are allowed to vote, but not run for office Egypt: Women allowed to travel overseas without approval from significant other Cairo: women are now allowed to file for divorce, but now must give up all financial claims Turkey: Women wear western styles of clothes Egypt: female cops Jordan: women are the majority in med school Syria: female lawyers
Inaccurate Portrayal of Women Jihadists portray them as ignorant lambs who need to be protected from outside forces, while the United States considers them helpless victims of a backward society to be saved through military intervention. Millions of Muslim Arab women still love the societies they're born into, regardless of jihadist manipulation or American intervention. If reform is to come, they will surely be the ones who push it forward.
FAQ Do tourists or American women have to follow these laws? –In some instances. It is not necessary for women to wear hajib, but most women will take one along in order to avoid harassment by the religious police. If foreign women are accused of a crime, they are subject to similar punishments as native women.
What do they wear to swim in? –Burkinis have been developed.
FULLA – a type of Jasmine grown in the Middle East
In September 2003 Saudi Arabia outlawed the sale of Barbie dolls, saying that she did not conform to the ideals of Islam. The Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and Prevention of Vice stated "Jewish Barbie dolls, with their revealing clothes and shameful postures, accessories and tools are a symbol of decadence to the perverted West. Let us beware of her dangers and be careful."
The enemies of Islam want to invade us with all possible means, and therefore they have circulated among us this doll, which spreads deterioration of values and moral degeneracy among our girls."
Outdoor and Indoor Clothes
Clothing Outside clothes a black abaya and head scarf Inside clothes - Extensive Wardrobe - Skirts are below the knee and shoulders are always covered - Only seen by other women and male relatives
Outside Clothes in more liberal Muslim Countries
Unlike Barbie, Fulla does not date
Yasmeen and Nada Fullas Best Friends
Tarek Mohammed, chief salesman at Toysr'Us in Cairo, said: Fulla sells better because she is closer to our Arab values – she never reveals a leg or an arm.
Alternatives to Fulla Razanne in Britain and the United States In Iran, toy shops sell a veiled doll called Sara Moroccan doll called Leila