Presentation on theme: "Daily Life (1600-1800) I.Intro II.Societys Structure III.Nobility A.England vs. French IV.The Masses A.Mortality Rates B.Family C.Womens Lives D.Peasant."— Presentation transcript:
Daily Life ( ) I.Intro II.Societys Structure III.Nobility A.England vs. French IV.The Masses A.Mortality Rates B.Family C.Womens Lives D.Peasant Life Pugachev Rebellion E.Urban Workers & Guilds F.Fun/Entertainment Key Terms Bourgeoisie Family Economy Cottage Industry Dowry Corvée Emelian Pugachev Apprentice Journeyman Master
Bourgeoisie General term for middle class (primarily in France) Included shopkeepers, skilled workers, business owners, bankers, etc.
Nobles/Lords: 1-5% Clergy: 5-10% Bourgeoisie: 5-10% The Masses 75-85%
Nobility in England & France England About 400 families (House of Lords) Passed all laws France Nobles of Sword (served the king); Nobles of Robe (purchased a title) Nobles did not pay taxes!
Bolshoi Ballet started as a dance school in 1700s Theater opened in 1800s Bolshoi Theater, Moscow
The Nobility & Fun Gambling, adultery, hunting, tennis, opera, ballet, dances & elaborate dinner parties, salons, etc. Food: Breads and wine/hard liquor & coffee; greater amounts of food were available & exotic spices
French Nobility (Dress & Manners) Men wore wigs; 1,200 shops The diameter of some dresses was nine feet across Culottes (Knee breeches)
The Masses: Mortality Rates Average life expectancy: years shorter for the Masses than nobility (Hôtel Dieu) Disease & Accidents = biggest killers Diet was monotonous & not balanced: Staples-Black bread & beer For most, very little meat or fresh vegetables Hospital For The Poor
Family Life Men/Fathers: Plowing, planting, running a shop; also became migrant workers Women/Mothers: Carriers, childrearing/ raising, Deputy Husbands; earned extra $$$ Peasant Family in France Children: Laborers (age seven) –25% of infants died before age one; 55% before age ten Servants: Laborers, but werent slaves
Cottage Industry Spinning Wheel Women set their own pace & made extra money
Girl With A Pearl Earring She worked as a servant to help earn money for her family Others might work to earn money for a dowry Griet
Women Dowry Childbirth & Abandonment; many women worked as wet nurses or prostitutes (40- 60,000 in Paris) Rule of Thumb It was legal to beat ones wife with a stick as long as the stick was no thicker than the husbands thumb – Women often worked 10 years to build their dowry – Wealth given by a bride to her husband upon marriage
Peasant Life About 75% of Europes population lived as peasants/serfs. Peasants rented land from Nobles. Peasants could be bought, sold & traded.
Tax System In France Nobles & Clergy-did not pay taxes; Peasants & Bourgeoisie paid taxes Those with the least wealth paid the most in taxes Corvée: Peasants worked days of unpaid labor per year for the state (roads, bridges, etc)
Pugachev Rebellion ( ) A former soldier who led a mass rebellion attacking serfdom & monarchy of Catherine the Great. Controlled a large area in eastern Russia including Kazan. Emelian Pugachev (c ) He was captured, tortured and executed; ending the rebellion.
Guild System (Early industry) Master - Shop-owner (if they had enough money & connections). Journeyman - After completing seven year apprenticeship they could receive Journeyman Papers. Received wage plus room & board. Apprentice -worked for room & board only (seven year term), but with a hope of advancement. Unskilled Laborer -received room & board with little or no hope of advancement.