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Daily Life (1600-1800) I.Intro II.Societys Structure III.Nobility A.England vs. French IV.The Masses A.Mortality Rates B.Family C.Womens Lives D.Peasant.

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Presentation on theme: "Daily Life (1600-1800) I.Intro II.Societys Structure III.Nobility A.England vs. French IV.The Masses A.Mortality Rates B.Family C.Womens Lives D.Peasant."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Daily Life ( ) I.Intro II.Societys Structure III.Nobility A.England vs. French IV.The Masses A.Mortality Rates B.Family C.Womens Lives D.Peasant Life Pugachev Rebellion E.Urban Workers & Guilds F.Fun/Entertainment Key Terms Bourgeoisie Family Economy Cottage Industry Dowry Corvée Emelian Pugachev Apprentice Journeyman Master

3 Bourgeoisie General term for middle class (primarily in France) Included shopkeepers, skilled workers, business owners, bankers, etc.

4 Nobles/Lords: 1-5% Clergy: 5-10% Bourgeoisie: 5-10% The Masses 75-85%

5 Nobility in England & France England About 400 families (House of Lords) Passed all laws France Nobles of Sword (served the king); Nobles of Robe (purchased a title) Nobles did not pay taxes!

6 Bolshoi Ballet started as a dance school in 1700s Theater opened in 1800s Bolshoi Theater, Moscow

7 The Nobility & Fun Gambling, adultery, hunting, tennis, opera, ballet, dances & elaborate dinner parties, salons, etc. Food: Breads and wine/hard liquor & coffee; greater amounts of food were available & exotic spices

8 French Nobility (Dress & Manners) Men wore wigs; 1,200 shops The diameter of some dresses was nine feet across Culottes (Knee breeches)

9 The Masses: Mortality Rates Average life expectancy: years shorter for the Masses than nobility (Hôtel Dieu) Disease & Accidents = biggest killers Diet was monotonous & not balanced: Staples-Black bread & beer For most, very little meat or fresh vegetables Hospital For The Poor

10 Family Life Men/Fathers: Plowing, planting, running a shop; also became migrant workers Women/Mothers: Carriers, childrearing/ raising, Deputy Husbands; earned extra $$$ Peasant Family in France Children: Laborers (age seven) –25% of infants died before age one; 55% before age ten Servants: Laborers, but werent slaves

11 Cottage Industry Spinning Wheel Women set their own pace & made extra money

12 Girl With A Pearl Earring She worked as a servant to help earn money for her family Others might work to earn money for a dowry Griet

13 Women Dowry Childbirth & Abandonment; many women worked as wet nurses or prostitutes (40- 60,000 in Paris) Rule of Thumb It was legal to beat ones wife with a stick as long as the stick was no thicker than the husbands thumb – Women often worked 10 years to build their dowry – Wealth given by a bride to her husband upon marriage

14 Peasant Life About 75% of Europes population lived as peasants/serfs. Peasants rented land from Nobles. Peasants could be bought, sold & traded.

15 Tax System In France Nobles & Clergy-did not pay taxes; Peasants & Bourgeoisie paid taxes Those with the least wealth paid the most in taxes Corvée: Peasants worked days of unpaid labor per year for the state (roads, bridges, etc)

16 Pugachev Rebellion ( ) A former soldier who led a mass rebellion attacking serfdom & monarchy of Catherine the Great. Controlled a large area in eastern Russia including Kazan. Emelian Pugachev (c ) He was captured, tortured and executed; ending the rebellion.

17 Guild System (Early industry) Master - Shop-owner (if they had enough money & connections). Journeyman - After completing seven year apprenticeship they could receive Journeyman Papers. Received wage plus room & board. Apprentice -worked for room & board only (seven year term), but with a hope of advancement. Unskilled Laborer -received room & board with little or no hope of advancement.

18 Master Journeymen Apprentice Unskilled Laborers

19 The Masses & Fun Public Punishments

20 Fun: For Rich & Poor Gambling/Card-playing, Casinos, Lottery

21 The Masses & Fun Gambling On Cockfights Razor-sharp

22 The Masses & Fun Taverns In London, the average male consumed 100 gallons of beer or ale per year (one quart per day).

23 The Masses & Fun Religious Ceremonies: A Christening

24 The Masses & Fun Soccer

25 Daily Life ( ) I.Intro II.Societys Structure III.Nobility A.England vs. French IV.The Masses A.Mortality Rates B.Family C.Womens Lives D.Peasant Life Pugachev Rebellion E.Urban Workers & Guilds F.Fun/Entertainment Key Terms Bourgeoisie Family Economy Cottage Industry Dowry Corvée Emelian Pugachev Apprentice Journeyman Master


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