Presentation on theme: "Asian Art Japanese Screens and Scrolls Many artists, such as Impressionist painters Cassatt and Monet, were heavily influenced by Asian Art. Vincent Van."— Presentation transcript:
Asian Art Japanese Screens and Scrolls Many artists, such as Impressionist painters Cassatt and Monet, were heavily influenced by Asian Art. Vincent Van Gogh once said… If we study Japanese Art, we see a man who is undoubtedly wise, philosophic and intelligent, who spends his time doing what? In studying the distance between the earth and moon? No. In studying Bismarcks policy? No. He studies a single blade of grass." Seated Buddha, Tang dynasty Credits Credits Bamboo and Rocks, Yuan dynasty Credits Credits Self-portrait Van Gogh Credits Credits
geography Japan- a nation of islands that were able to avoid invasion and develop a homogeneous culture. The terrain of Japan affected the kinds of landscapes that were produced. Nearby countries, such as China, affected Japan. Map of Japan CreditsCredits
*Subject Matter- illustrating the teachings of their beliefs * Mood or feeling How did religion affect Japanese Art? Religion Would you like to hear of example of a tale that would have been told to to help pass on Buddhas teachings? Click here.here
The Lion and the tiger This story is from the book One Hand Clapping and its entitled The Lion and the Tiger. A zoo once had a famous tiger. One day the tiger died. Since it was very expensive to replace the tiger, the zoo hired a beggar to dress up in a tiger skin during zoo hours, sit in the cage and pretend to be the tiger. This actually worked quite well. The people believed the famous tiger was still there, and the beggar had a home. One day two men began arguing in front of the tiger cage. The tiger is the strongest of animal, said one of the men. Its roar is the mightiest. Its the most ferocious of beasts, and this one is a terrific specimen. Nonsense, replied the other man. He pointed to the lion in the next cage. Everyone knows that the lion is the king of the beasts. When he roars, everyone trembles! And just look at this one hear- hes magnificent! The men continued to quarrel until finally they persuaded the zookeeper to let the two animals fight each other to se which was actually the mightiest. They promised to pay the zookeeper if either animal was killed. Hearing this, the tiger was terrified, but before he could do anything, the cage door opened and in bounded the lion. A crowd gathered as the roaring lion furiously chased the tiger all around the cage, finally pouncing on him. The tiger trembled with fear. This is the end, thought the poor tiger. I am about to be eaten by a lion. But then the lion whispered softly in his ear, Not to worry. Im the same as you!
Religion What religions can you think of that might have been prevalent in Asia? Taoism Sikhism Buddhism Shinto Confucianism Hinduism Jainism
Buddhism This sculpture depicts Buddha- Enlightened One which means perfect human. Seated Buddha, Tang Dynasty Credits Credits Would you like to hear a story about a young man trying to attain Enlightenment? ClickClick Buddhism- founded in India by Sidhartha Gautuma. Zen Buddhism- from China- the art of meditation.
Becoming Buddha This story is from the book One Hand Clapping and its entitled Becoming Buddha. Ma-tsu say in meditation for long periods every day outside his little hut. His Zen master, Haui-jang, watched him one day and thought, He will become a very worthy person. Still, right now he is stuck and needs some help. Noble one, he asked, what are you trying to get by sitting in meditation? I am trying to become a Buddha, Ma-tsu replied with conviction. Hearing this, Haui-jang picked up a rough clay tile that had fallen from the temple roof and began rubbing it against a rock. What are you doing, Master? asked Ma-tsu. I am polishing this rough tile to make it a precious jewel, the master replied. How can a roof tile ever become a jewel? asked Ma-tsu. How can you become a Buddha through Zen meditation, Haui-jamg replied, if you werent already a Buddha to begin with? Walking standing, lying down, sitting- who are you in each of these activities? Real Zen is not confined to sitting. Live Buddhas are not just found in the lotus posture. Hearing this, Ma-tsu felt as refreshed as if he had just drunk the most delicious drink.
Bodhisattva Boe- dee-saht-vuh A Bodhisattva is someone who has stopped one step short of becoming a Buddha to help other attain enlightenment. Guanyin (gwan yin) is the Chinese name of this bodhisattva. Head of Guanyin, Bodhisattva of Mercy Credits Credits What is a Bodhisattva? Would you like to hear another tale by the Zen masters? Its called Baby Snake in a Cup. Click here.here.
Baby Snake in a Cup This story if from the book One Hand Clapping and its entitled Baby Snake in a Cup. One evening, a man was invited to the home of a friend. As he was about to drink a cup of tea that was offered to him, he thought he saw a baby snake in the cup! He did not want to embarrass his hostess, so he gathered all of his courage and swallowed the tea in one gulp. When the man returned home later that night, began to feel severe pains in his stomach. By the next day the pains had grown worse. He consulted several doctors and tried many cures, but none worked. The man, now seriously ill, thought he was about to die. Hearing of his condition, his friend invited him to visit her again. Sitting in the same place, he accepted another cup of tea. As the sick man lifted his cup to drink, he suddenly saw the snake again! This time he had to speak up, so he drew his hostesss attention to it. Without a word she pointed to the ceiling above her guest. He looked up. There, just above him, hanging from a beam, was a length of rope. The sick man realized all at once that what he had thought was a baby snake was simply the reflection of the rope! The two friends looked at each other and laughed. The pain of the sick man vanished instantly and he recovered perfect health.
Composition The Battles of Hogen and Heiji, Edo period CreditsCredits Lets take a closer look at the composition in the battle scene in this screen painting:
How would you describe the space in this painting? Composition Detail of The Battles of Hogen and Heiji Credits Credits Detail of The Battles of Hogen and Heiji CreditsCredits Detail of The Battles of Hogen and Heiji Credits Credits
Media What media (materials) did the artists use to create this screen painting? Ink- permanent. Theres no correcting or repainting it. Ink wash creates an atmospheric perspective in the background. Bamboo and Rocks, Yuan dynasty Credits Credits
What is Monochrome? Chinese style Monochrome ink paintings were a popular style in Japanese screen Paintings. Monochrome- or monochromatic is a color scheme that uses tints and shades of one color. The Old Plum, Edo period Credits Credits
Hand scrolls or Emakimono (E mock e mo no) were introduced from China in the 8th Century. Within a century, Japanese painters were producing the most exquisite hand scrolls on the continent. Hanging scrolls were used in the Japanese tea ceremony (as well discuss later). Scrolls were usually silk or paper. Hanging Scrolls And Hand Scrolls Illustrated Legends of the Kitano Shrine (Kitano Tenjin Engi), Kamakura period CreditsCredits This scroll contained illustrated legends of Zen for a religious shrine. Would you like to hear a tale from Buddhas teaching about 4 men who learn an important lesson while practicing Zen? Click here.here.
Learning to BE Silent This story is from the book One Hand Clapping and its entitled Learning to be Silent. There once were four young men who practiced Zen together. One day, they decided to spend seven days of zazen meditation in complete silence. Everything started off well. But when evening came at the end of the first day, the oil lamps became dimmer and dimmer. One of them couldnt help saying, we should fix those lamps. Another, surprised to hear the first one speak, said Shhhhhhh. Were not supposed to say a word! You two really goofed. Why did you talk? asked a third. Well, it looks like Im the only one who hasnt broken down and said anything, announced the fourth. They looked at one another and began to laugh. All had been equally foolish! They decided theyd have to try again. But this time they would remain really alert.
Folding Screens Landscapes in the Style of An Kyon, Choson dynasty CreditsCredits Other than decoration- what purpose did folding screens serve?
Woodblock Prints Woodblock print- very popular in Asia during this time. This famous landscape print by Katsushika Hokusai ( ) was one of 36 views of Mount Fuji. Describe what you see in this picture- look closely. Who do you think Hokusai believed was in control- man or nature? The Great Wave at Kanagawa Hokusai CreditsCredits
The Way of Tea *The tea ceremony was to be enjoyed in a small room with selected tea scroll paintings. Ewer for use in tea ceremony, Momoyama period CreditsCredits *Worship of the imperfect *Teaism- purity and harmony, the mystery of mutual charity, the romanticism of the social order. *Tea began as a medicine and grew into a beverage.
Selected Bibliography Martin, R. (1995). One hand clapping: Zen stories for all ages. Rizzoli International Publications, Inc: New York.
Image Credits Seated Buddha, Tang dynasty (618?07), ca. 650 China. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Bamboo and Rocks, Yuan dynasty (1279?368), The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Van Gogh Self Portrait (1990s) Courtesy of Jim Grattan JIM'S FINE ART COLLECTION. Available at: Landscapes in the Style of An Kyon, Choson dynasty (1392?910), 5th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Illustrated Legends of the Kitano Shrine (Kitano Tenjin Engi), Kamakura period (1185?333), 13th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: The Old Plum, Edo period (1615?868), ca Attributed to Kano Sansetsu (Japanese, 1658?716) Japan purchase, Louisa Eldridge McBurney Gift, 1953 ( ) The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: The Battles of Hogen and Heiji, Edo period (1615?868), 17th century Japan Rogers Fund, 1957 ( ). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Eight-Planked Bridge (Yatsuhashi), Edo period (1615?868), 18th century Ogata Korin (Japanese, 1658?716) Japan Purchase, Louisa Eldridge McBurney Gift, 1953 ( ). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: The Great Wave at Kanagawa (from a Series of Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji), Edo period (1615?868), ca. 1831?3 Katsushika Hokusai (Japanese, 1760?849) Japan Polychrome Ink and color on paper; 10 1/8 x 14 15/16 in. (25.7 x 37.9 cm) (Oban H. O. Havemeyer Collection, Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929 (JP1847). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Ewer for use in tea ceremony, Momoyama period (1568?615), early 17th century Japan Stoneware with overglaze enamels (Shino-Oribe ware); H. 7 3/4 in. (19.7 cm) Purchase, Friends of Asian Art Gifts, 1988 ( ab). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Seated Buddha, Tang dynasty (618?07), ca. 650 China. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Dry lacquer with traces of gilt and polychrome pigments; 38 x 27 in. (96.5 x 68.6 cm) Rogers Fund, 1919 (19.186). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Available at: Head of Guanyin, Bodhisattva of Mercy. Gilded and painted cast iron, 13 th century Ackland Fund Northern Chinese Jin Dynasty ( ).