2Bekasi and Tangerang map The Betawi people are concentrated more in Bekasi & Tangerang, Java
3History One of Jakarta’s major ethnic groups Their culture emerged from the melting pot of races, ethnic groups and cultures of Indonesia in the 19th centuryStrong Islam and Javanese influences in the Betawi culture of arts and musicBetawi has a wonderful culture of its own
4Culture Music : Gambang Kromong, Rebana Biang Dances: Cokek, Samra, Japin, BlenggoPuppet play: Wayang Kulit Betawi, Ondel ondel
5Ondel ondelHuge male or female puppet, about 2.5m height, made from wooden bambooTheir parades are usually accompanied by gambang koromong music
6Costume Man's Costume : A thight - length coat with normal trousers, Slip - on shoesTraditional Betawi headgearA special belt, called lokcanA dagger slipped in the beltA watch chain with a tiger claw attached
7Costume Woman's dress : A long Kebaya with buttened cuffs A sarong with the lasem motifPointed sandals with low heelsA hair - piece of the cepol typeA veil matching the kebayaA heavy gold or silver beltA three - teir brooch to fasten the kebaya
10HistoryThe earliest recorded history dates back to the 9th century which was dominated by Hindu and buddhist kingdoms.Yogyakarta itself dates back to the 18th century when the Muslim Mataram Kingdom was ruled by Paku Buwono II. After his death, there was a conflict between his son and his brother which was encouraged by the dutch who were trying to colonize the region on a ‘ divide and rule’ basis.
15YogyakartaPopulation: 30,851,144 (2000 census), which makes it the third most-populous province in indonesia.Main gateway to the center of Java where it is geographically located.Consists of five regencies and is one of the 26 provinces in Indonesia.Yogya: Distinct, traditional Javanese character. From 1946 to 1949, it was the capital of the Indonesian Replublic but for now it is the capital of the special territory of Yogyakarta
16YogyakartaMost of yogyakarta’s people are muslims. The main language of the city and the territory is Javanese.Agriculture produce in the territory includes corn, peanuts, rice and soybeans and there are many plantations of cacao, coconuts, coffee, cotton, kapok, pepper, rubber, tobacco and vanilla.Harvesting crops farmers raise buffaloes, cows, goats, hogs, horses and poultry as their main source of income.Yogyakarta Royal Troops
17Major FestivalsGreberb Syawal Ceremony (December/January) expresses praise and gratefulness to God by Moslems after having completed their fasting duty in the sacred month of Ramadhan. The ceremony begins with the parade of the Kraton guards in their colourful uniforms comprising of the Wirobrojo, Daeng, Ketanggung, Jogokaryo, Prawirotomo, Mantrijero troops lead by their commander-in-chief. Marching from the Siti Hinggil, through the Pagelaran to the Northern Square and then the Gunungan procession soon follows.Tanggap Warsa Suro (Javanese New Year) (Anytime from March to May) The Javanese calendar was created by Sultan Agung, King of the Mataram Dinasty, during the 16th century in Java. He mixed the Caka calendar with the Arabic calendar, (while the Caka calendar was a mixture between the original Javanese calendar and the Hinduist calendar in the first century). The Javanese New Year celebrations are started off with wayang kulit performances on Parangtritis beach close to Yogyakarta itself.
18Major FestivalsAnniversary of Buntul Regency (July) The celebration of Bantul's anniversary is done in the traditional way. Traditional processions are held with its participants clad in traditional Javanese dresses, accompanied by various folk dances. It is held at Trirenggono square, Bantul starting early and ending with a procession of heirlooms. This procession uses andong (four-wheeled horse cars) escorted by guards in traditional dress.
19The End Presented by: Pua Weicheng (u037438b) Quek boon Guan Danny (u020094h)Hii Meng Ni (u041909x)Sarah Mei (ht040980l)muahahahahhahaha
21Geographical Location One of the 14,000 islands that make up IndonesiaLocated 8 to 9 degrees south of the equator, east of Java and west of the Lesser Sunda Islands namely Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba and TimorArea of 5632 square km and measures up to 140km from east to west and 90km from north to south
22Geographical Location Consists of a chain of 6 volcanoes, between 1350m to 3014m, which stretches from west to east, with Gunung Agung being the tallestHas lush tropical forests, crater lakes, rivers, rice terraces, fertile vegetable and fruit gardensThe most important form of agriculture on the island is the rice crop
24ClimateTropical weather with temperature ranging from 20 to 33 degrees celsius all year roundRainy season from September to February, with the rest of the year being the dry seasonWill need sweater in higher regions of the island, for example, in the mountainous regions of Kintamani
25Population & Economy Over 3 million, with 93.18% being Hindus Most people live in the coastal areas in the southEconomy fuelled mainly by the Tourist industry and supported by agricultural production and trade revenues, namely, from the textile industry and small scale industries producing handicrafts and souvenirs
26Women in Traditional Costumes during a ceremony in Bali
2826th Bali Arts FestivalThe Bali Arts Festival is a full month of daily performances, handicraft exhibitions and other related cultural and commercial activities during which literally the whole of Bali comes to the city to present its offerings of dance, music and beauty.On display are trances from remote mountain slopes, forgotten or recently revived village dances, food and offering contests, classical palace dances, stars of Balinese stage, odd musical performances, "kreasi baru" (new creations) from the dance schools of Denpasar, as well as contemporary choreography and dance companies from other islands and from abroad.
41Do You Know? Special fodder for bulls! Leaves of corn, soybean and good grasstraditional spices like ginger, pepper, chilli, honey, beer and tens even hundreds of eggsbelieved to warm and strengthen the bullsThe mixture is forced into the mouths of the bulls using a bamboo lath.
42Bulls in ActionRider on a bamboo sled pulled by a pair of colorfully decorated bulls
43DONE BY:Priscilla Fan WeipingLim Yong HaoTerima Kasih
45Baju Bodo accompanied by ornate gold jewellery The traditional transparent Bugis blouse, the baju bodo or ' short-sleeved blouse', is now used especially for weddingsaccompanied by ornate gold jewelleryit's colour indicate the wearer's status- unmarried girls wearing light reds, while older women wore darker colours
47South Sulawesi an orchid shape island previously known as Celebesan orchid shape island total land area square kilometerspopulation of 7 millionvery beautiful seashore and highlands sceneriesconsist of 4 ethnic groups- Bugis, Makassar, Mandar, Toraja
48Famous attraction Sengkang -- Centre of Buginese silk Polewali-Mamasa – silk sarongs and ratten furnitureUjung Pandang -- its fresh and delicious seafoods, especially the Bugis style ikan bakar or barbequed fishBulukumba – sandy beaches and traditional ship building
49Ujung Pandang the capital city of South Sulawesi formerly known as Makassarthe primary port and airline hub of the eastern archipelagofamous for its trade and maritime history
50Toraja well known for its specific culture such as funeral ceremony animistic beliefsToraja people grow rice and raise buffalotraditional houses (“tongkonan”) with roof like a ship with a bow and stern and colourful carvingsecho the horns of a buffalo