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Lectures in Microeconomics-Charles W. Upton Pricing Under Uncertainty

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Economists have often wondered about the pricing strategy of many department stores.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Economists have often wondered about the pricing strategy of many department stores. Clothes, particularly womens fashions, are offered for sale at (say) $300, with the full knowledge and expectation that 4-6 weeks later, they will be reduced to (say) $200.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty The general theme is that the demand for the product is uncertain. You produce the product before you know demand.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Womens clothing tends to sell at a higher price at the beginning of the season than at the end.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Womens clothing tends to sell at a higher price at the beginning of the season than at the end. In 1988, womens clothing sold in October for about 6 percent above the average price for the season, and about 4 percent below in January, a 10 percent swing.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty At the same time, mens clothing sold for about 2 percent above in October and about 1 percent below in January, or only a 3 percent swing.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Markdowns have increased over time: the average percent markdown on clothing has risen dramatically since the late 1960s

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Pricing Under Uncertainty A Numerical Example

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Pricing Under Uncertainty A Numerical Example

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Single Pricing Strategy

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Dual Pricing Strategy Offer the dresses at a high price. See which hot colors sell.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Dual Pricing Strategy Offer the dresses at a high price. See which hot colors sell. Offer the remaining dresses at a lower price to the fashion unconscious.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Dual Pricing Strategy

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Dual Pricing Strategy

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Dual Pricing Strategy

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Dual Pricing Strategy

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Dual Pricing Strategy

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Pricing Under Uncertainty A Summary Color is just a proxy for general demand uncertainty.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty A Summary Color is just a proxy for general demand uncertainty. Lets see if we can get some basic principles

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Equilibrium Conditions The average markup cannot be different, or else there will be profits (or lack thereof) in one segment of the industry.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty Equilibrium Conditions The average markup cannot be different, or else there will be profits (or lack thereof) in one segment of the industry. The uncertainty about demand (or fickleness, if you will) is what motivates the markup. If managers could predict this years hot colors, then all dresses would sell at the same markup.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty A Little History The growth in Markup and Markdowns for the Department Stores follows their changing nature. Clothing has become more fashion- driven.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty A Little History The Growth in Markup and Markdowns for the Department Stores follows their changing nature. Clothing has become more fashion- driven. The relative markups for different types of clothing have changed over time.

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Pricing Under Uncertainty End ©2004 Charles W. Upton

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