Presentation on theme: "Rice, Oryza sativa, is the staple food for half the human population, and growing it is the single most important economic activity in the world. Washington."— Presentation transcript:
Rice, Oryza sativa, is the staple food for half the human population, and growing it is the single most important economic activity in the world. Washington Post / The New York Times August 4, 2000
The International Rice Research Institute Reduce poverty and hunger, improve health, ensure environmental sustainability through rice science.
1960; Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, and the Philippine Govt Today, 1,350 staff from over 34 countries HQ in Philippines; 16 country offices Funded by governments, philanthropies The International Rice Research Institute
Rice: The global staple oldest food crop staple for billions (~ 50% of world; >70% of poor)
The green revolution 1960s-70s yields ~1.5 tons per ha. Today yields ~4 tons per ha.
Most hungry people in Asia Source: FAO
Population by 2040? 10b 7.5b
Data Source: USDA, 2013 People like rice! Global, per person = 65 kg
Additional global rice needs: MMT/ year
Growth in rice yield has slowed %/yr Source of raw data: FAO, 2013
Worsening resource scarcity Land Labor Water
Climate change WILL reduce rice productivity
Rice ready for climate change drought submergence salinity heat
Rice genetic diversity 120,000+ varieties of rice conserved in IRRIs International Rice Genebank
Conserving traditional / heirloom rices
Climate Smart Flood-tolerant rice India Oct. 31 Now used by 5m++ farmers Jul 31
Restoring ecosystem resilience to control against insect pests Mekong delta, Vietnam
Global micronutrient deficiency zinc, iron and vitamin A Affects over 2 billion, globally
Healthier rice pro-vitamin A; iron; zinc
Climate Smart Technologies Alternate wetting and drying reduces water use by 30% without yield loss.
Particular attention to women stakeholders In my family… we were eating only once a day… Now we eat twice a day Burundi: ex-combatant women trained in novel rice farming technologies
Nutrient management products Web GSM mobile phone Smartphone Local Language real time interaction Indonesia, Philippines: farmers increase returns 100$ per ha Web and smart phone output SMS output
Rice Knowledge Bank
IRRI organized 1 st Intl Rice Research Conference (IRRC) in 1962 Past Intl Rice Congresses (IRC) Hanoi New Delhi Beijing IRC2014 October Bangkok, Thailand A brief history of the International Rice Congress
Rice researchers and scientists Traders, millers, manufacturers, transporters Govt officials and donors Around 2,000 attendees expected at IRC2014
29 th Intl Rice Research Conference Forum on funding agricultural research Council for Partnership on Rice Research in Asia (Ministerial Meeting) International Rice Industry Exhibition IRRI Global Rice Market and Trade Outlook Conference IRC2014: 5 principal events
"Precious things are not pearls and jade but the five grains, of which rice is the finest - Ancient Chinese saying
The International Rice Congress A Brief History 16 nations say rice is fundamental to their national economies and cultures: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam (only Singapore and Brunei not included). But no regular international events for the rice industry. IRRI organized the first International Rice Research Conference (IRRC) in No other major rice events have been REGULARLY organized in Asia except for the IRRC, until the IRC2002 in Beijing.
Map of Asia showing IRRI offices and date when relationship started IRRI in Asia (Dates indicate first interactions including training) 1 Philippines (1960) 2 Bangladesh (1966) 3 Cambodia (1960) 4 China (1976) 5 India (1960) 6 Indonesia (1963) 7 Korea (1964) 8 Lao PDR (1968) 9 Myanmar (1965) 10 Nepal (1970) 11 Thailand (1960) 12 Vietnam (1963)
The Green Revolution in Asia 1960s Yields approx. 1.5 t/ha Famines predicted, slow growth Today Yields approx. 4 t/ha Foundation for economic growth Traditional rice: more biomass than grain Modern semi – dwarf variety: grain not biomass
What is rice? More than just food Though it is the primary staple for billions (~ 50% of world, > 70% of poor) Perhaps the oldest domesticated crop –Tremendously diverse And it grows under monsoon conditions –Where no other major crops can grow
Economic growth in Asia has been fuelled by rice A staple food for 2.6 billion people Contributes 30 to 70% to calorie intake A major source of employment and income for rural households A strategic commodity for economic growth, food security and political stability for such nations as China, India, and Indonesia Low food prices enabled globally competitive wage rates
The rice of the future (in 5-10 years) More nutritious – smarter, healthier people Adapted to climate change: Done already - flood tolerance. Coming soon – salinity, drought and heat tolerance Higher yielding: hybrids etc. Less polluting: Improved pest and disease resistance; less fertilizer. Apollo projects: C4 rice
World rice stocks – warning signs Supply, demand and prices? Time of famines All time low prices
US urges food output boost to avert unrest PUBLISHED: APRIL 19, 2009 THE US AGRICULTURE SECRETARY HAS WARNED THAT UNLESS COUNTRIES TAKE IMMEDIATE STEPS TO SHARPLY BOOST AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND FOOD OUTPUT AND REDUCE HUNGER, THE WORLD RISKS FRESH SOCIAL INSTABILITY. Aust Government supports blueprint for action on avoiding global famine Published: April 23, 2009 A global famine is coming if private, philanthropic and public sectors fail to increase investment to boost agricultural production. Europe warned about looming food import surge Published: March 25, 2009 Former EU Agriculture Commissioner Franz Fischler last week called on Europe to significantly contribute to world food security by fulfilling its "production potential", as the continent moves from being a net exporter of foodstuffs to become a net importer.