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Rice, Oryza sativa, is the staple food for half the human population, and growing it is the single most important economic activity in the world. Washington.

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Presentation on theme: "Rice, Oryza sativa, is the staple food for half the human population, and growing it is the single most important economic activity in the world. Washington."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rice, Oryza sativa, is the staple food for half the human population, and growing it is the single most important economic activity in the world. Washington Post / The New York Times August 4, 2000

2 The International Rice Research Institute Reduce poverty and hunger, improve health, ensure environmental sustainability through rice science.

3

4 1960; Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, and the Philippine Govt Today, 1,350 staff from over 34 countries HQ in Philippines; 16 country offices Funded by governments, philanthropies The International Rice Research Institute

5 Rice: The global staple oldest food crop staple for billions (~ 50% of world; >70% of poor)

6 The green revolution 1960s-70s yields ~1.5 tons per ha. Today yields ~4 tons per ha.

7 Most hungry people in Asia Source: FAO

8 Population by 2040? 10b 7.5b

9 Data Source: USDA, 2013 People like rice! Global, per person = 65 kg

10 Additional global rice needs: MMT/ year

11 Growth in rice yield has slowed %/yr Source of raw data: FAO, 2013

12 Worsening resource scarcity Land Labor Water

13 Climate change WILL reduce rice productivity

14 Rice ready for climate change drought submergence salinity heat

15 Rice genetic diversity 120,000+ varieties of rice conserved in IRRIs International Rice Genebank

16 Conserving traditional / heirloom rices

17 Climate Smart Flood-tolerant rice India Oct. 31 Now used by 5m++ farmers Jul 31

18 Climate smart 17 days after flooding Samba-Sub1 Samba Samba-Sub1 IR64-Sub1 IR49830 (Sub1) IR64 IR42 IR64 IR64-Sub1 Samba-Sub1 IR49830 (Sub1) Samba IR64 IR64-Sub1 IR49830 (Sub1) IR42 IR64-Sub1 IR64 IR49830 (Sub1) IR42 Samba IR42 Samba

19 Restoring ecosystem resilience to control against insect pests Mekong delta, Vietnam

20 More nutritious!

21 Global micronutrient deficiency zinc, iron and vitamin A Affects over 2 billion, globally

22 Healthier rice pro-vitamin A; iron; zinc

23 Climate Smart Technologies Alternate wetting and drying reduces water use by 30% without yield loss.

24 Particular attention to women stakeholders In my family… we were eating only once a day… Now we eat twice a day Burundi: ex-combatant women trained in novel rice farming technologies

25 Nutrient management products Web GSM mobile phone Smartphone Local Language real time interaction Indonesia, Philippines: farmers increase returns 100$ per ha Web and smart phone output SMS output

26 Rice Knowledge Bank

27 IRRI organized 1 st Intl Rice Research Conference (IRRC) in 1962 Past Intl Rice Congresses (IRC) Hanoi New Delhi Beijing IRC2014 October Bangkok, Thailand A brief history of the International Rice Congress

28 Rice researchers and scientists Traders, millers, manufacturers, transporters Govt officials and donors Around 2,000 attendees expected at IRC2014

29 29 th Intl Rice Research Conference Forum on funding agricultural research Council for Partnership on Rice Research in Asia (Ministerial Meeting) International Rice Industry Exhibition IRRI Global Rice Market and Trade Outlook Conference IRC2014: 5 principal events

30 "Precious things are not pearls and jade but the five grains, of which rice is the finest - Ancient Chinese saying

31 The International Rice Congress A Brief History 16 nations say rice is fundamental to their national economies and cultures: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam (only Singapore and Brunei not included). But no regular international events for the rice industry. IRRI organized the first International Rice Research Conference (IRRC) in No other major rice events have been REGULARLY organized in Asia except for the IRRC, until the IRC2002 in Beijing.

32 Map of Asia showing IRRI offices and date when relationship started IRRI in Asia (Dates indicate first interactions including training) 1 Philippines (1960) 2 Bangladesh (1966) 3 Cambodia (1960) 4 China (1976) 5 India (1960) 6 Indonesia (1963) 7 Korea (1964) 8 Lao PDR (1968) 9 Myanmar (1965) 10 Nepal (1970) 11 Thailand (1960) 12 Vietnam (1963)

33 The Green Revolution in Asia 1960s Yields approx. 1.5 t/ha Famines predicted, slow growth Today Yields approx. 4 t/ha Foundation for economic growth Traditional rice: more biomass than grain Modern semi – dwarf variety: grain not biomass

34 What is rice? More than just food Though it is the primary staple for billions (~ 50% of world, > 70% of poor) Perhaps the oldest domesticated crop –Tremendously diverse And it grows under monsoon conditions –Where no other major crops can grow

35 Economic growth in Asia has been fuelled by rice A staple food for 2.6 billion people Contributes 30 to 70% to calorie intake A major source of employment and income for rural households A strategic commodity for economic growth, food security and political stability for such nations as China, India, and Indonesia Low food prices enabled globally competitive wage rates

36 The rice of the future (in 5-10 years) More nutritious – smarter, healthier people Adapted to climate change: Done already - flood tolerance. Coming soon – salinity, drought and heat tolerance Higher yielding: hybrids etc. Less polluting: Improved pest and disease resistance; less fertilizer. Apollo projects: C4 rice

37 World rice stocks – warning signs Supply, demand and prices? Time of famines All time low prices

38 US urges food output boost to avert unrest PUBLISHED: APRIL 19, 2009 THE US AGRICULTURE SECRETARY HAS WARNED THAT UNLESS COUNTRIES TAKE IMMEDIATE STEPS TO SHARPLY BOOST AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND FOOD OUTPUT AND REDUCE HUNGER, THE WORLD RISKS FRESH SOCIAL INSTABILITY. Aust Government supports blueprint for action on avoiding global famine Published: April 23, 2009 A global famine is coming if private, philanthropic and public sectors fail to increase investment to boost agricultural production. Europe warned about looming food import surge Published: March 25, 2009 Former EU Agriculture Commissioner Franz Fischler last week called on Europe to significantly contribute to world food security by fulfilling its "production potential", as the continent moves from being a net exporter of foodstuffs to become a net importer.


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