4The International Rice Research Institute 1960; Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, and the Philippine Gov’tToday, 1,350 staff from over 34 countriesHQ in Philippines; 16 country officesFunded by governments, philanthropies
5Rice: The global staple oldest foodcropstaple for billions (~ 50% of world;>70% of poor)
6The green revolution 1960s-70s yields ~1.5 tons per ha. Today
23Climate Smart Technologies Alternate wetting and drying reduces water use by 30% without yield loss.
24Particular attention to women stakeholders Burundi: ex-combatant women trained in novel rice farming technologies“In my family… we were eating only once a day… Now we eat twice a day”
25Nutrient management products WebGSM mobile phoneSmartphoneLocal Language real time interactionIndonesia, Philippines: farmers increase returns 100$ per haWeb and smart phone outputSMS output
26Rice Knowledge BankDo live demo to find fact sheets in RKB26
27A brief history of the International Rice Congress IRRI organized 1st Int’l Rice Research Conference (IRRC) in 1962Past Int’l Rice Congresses (IRC)HanoiNew DelhiBeijingIRC2014October Bangkok, Thailand
28Around 2,000 attendees expected at IRC2014 Rice researchers and scientistsTraders, millers, manufacturers, transportersGov’t officials and donors
29IRC2014: 5 principal events29th Int’l Rice Research ConferenceForum on funding agricultural researchCouncil for Partnership on Rice Research in Asia (Ministerial Meeting)International Rice Industry ExhibitionIRRI Global Rice Market and Trade Outlook Conference
30- Ancient Chinese saying "Precious things are not pearls and jade but the five grains, of which rice is the finest”- Ancient Chinese saying
31The International Rice Congress A Brief History 16 nations say rice is fundamental to their national economies and cultures: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam (only Singapore and Brunei not included).But no regular international events for the rice industry.IRRI organized the first International Rice Research Conference (IRRC) in 1962.No other major rice events have been REGULARLY organized in Asia except for the IRRC, until the IRC2002 in Beijing.
32IRRI in Asia (Dates indicate first interactions including training) Map of Asia showing IRRI offices and date when relationship started1 Philippines (1960) 2 Bangladesh (1966) 3 Cambodia (1960) 4 China (1976) 5 India (1960) 6 Indonesia (1963) 7 Korea (1964) 8 Lao PDR (1968) 9 Myanmar (1965) 10 Nepal (1970) 11 Thailand (1960) 12 Vietnam (1963)
33The Green Revolution in Asia Yields approx.1.5 t/haFamines predicted, slow growthTodayYields approx. 4 t/haFoundation for economic growthModern semi – dwarf variety: grain not biomassTraditional rice: more biomass than grain
34What is rice? Perhaps the oldest domesticated crop Tremendously diverseMore than just foodThough it is the primary staple for billions (~ 50% of world, > 70% of poor)And it grows under monsoon conditionsWhere no other major crops can grow
35Economic growth in Asia has been fuelled by rice A staple food for 2.6 billion peopleContributes 30 to 70% to calorie intakeA major source of employment and income for rural householdsA strategic commodity for economic growth, food security and political stability for such nations as China, India, and IndonesiaLow food prices enabled globally competitive wage rates
36The rice of the future (in 5-10 years) More nutritious – smarter, healthier peopleAdapted to climate change: Done already - flood tolerance. Coming soon – salinity, drought and heat toleranceHigher yielding: hybrids etc.Less polluting: Improved pest and disease resistance; less fertilizer.Apollo projects: C4 rice
37World rice stocks – warning signs Supply, demand and prices? All time low pricesTime of faminesSupply, demand and prices?
38US urges food output boost to avert unrest PUBLISHED: APRIL 19, 2009THE US AGRICULTURE SECRETARY HAS WARNED THAT UNLESS COUNTRIES TAKE IMMEDIATE STEPS TO SHARPLY BOOST AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND FOOD OUTPUT AND REDUCE HUNGER, THE WORLD RISKS FRESH SOCIAL INSTABILITY.Europe warned about looming food import surgePublished: March 25, 2009Former EU Agriculture Commissioner Franz Fischler last week called on Europe to significantly contribute to world food security by fulfilling its "production potential", as the continent moves from being a net exporter of foodstuffs to become a net importer.Aust Government supports blueprint foraction on avoiding global faminePublished: April 23, 2009A global famine is coming if private, philanthropic and public sectors fail to increase investment to boost agricultural production.