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Update: Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Dr. Fran Berman BRTF-SDPA Co-Chair with thanks to Sayeed Choudhury, Brian.

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Presentation on theme: "Update: Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Dr. Fran Berman BRTF-SDPA Co-Chair with thanks to Sayeed Choudhury, Brian."— Presentation transcript:

1 Update: Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Dr. Fran Berman BRTF-SDPA Co-Chair with thanks to Sayeed Choudhury, Brian Lavoie, Amy Friedlander, Abby Smith, David Minor, Ardys Kozbial, and Robert McDonald

2 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Presentation Outline Data Preservation The Blue Ribbon Task Force History, membership, charge and focus Deliverables Activities A Call to Action

3 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Our Digital World 1 The 2008 Cyber-election Fundraising via website YouTube videos of the candidates Blogs as vehicles for discussing issues On-line organizing Digital data from historic 2008 cyber-election will be valuable for decades to come

4 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Our Digital World 2 The First Billion Years After the Big Bang 400 TB of data produced from ENZO astrophysics simulations Data will be mined and analyzed, of great value for several years after computation Simulation results illustrate growth of stars, galaxies, and galaxy clusters, dark matter, etc. after the Big Bang

5 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Our Digital World 3 Family Photographs

6 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Data Preservation Key Questions: 1) What should we save? 2) How and who should save it? 3) Who should pay for it? The answer to 3) depends in part on the answers to 1) and 2). Cost Time Value

7 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access The Free Rider non-solution: Let X do it where X is: The Government The Libraries The Archivists Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, etc. Data users Data owners Data creators, etc. Who should pay? For valued digital data that is a public good, creative partnerships are needed to provide preservation solutions with Trusted stewards Feasible costs for users Sustainable costs for infrastructure Very low risk for data loss, etc.

8 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Community value Individual value Societal value The Data Pyramid A Framework for Thinking about Digital Stewardship and Preservation Digital Data Collections Reference, nationally/ internationally important, irreplaceable data collections Key research and community data collections Personal data collections Repositories / Facilities National / international scale repositories, libraries, archives Regional scale libraries and targeted data archives / centers Private repositories Increasing value Increasing community base Decreasing risk of loss or damage Increasing respon- sibiity, Increasing stability Increasing trust Increasing infra- structure

9 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Why not just let XXXXXXX do it? Multi-sector solutions required for data in the public interest Community value Individual value Societal value

10 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access State Local International Non-profit College University Commercial Federal USER Image courtesy of Chris Greer, October 2006 History: International Blue Ribbon Task Force (BRTF-SDPA) initiated to study issues of economic sustainability of digital preservation and access Proposals developed during Spring- Summer 2007 BRTF-SDPA pre-planning took place Fall 2008 Kick-off meeting in DC held in January 2008 Task Force meeting BRTF is an independent group who will report to the community

11 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access BRTF-SDPA Charge 1.To conduct a comprehensive analysis of previous and current efforts to develop and/or implement models for sustainable digital information preservation 2.To identify and evaluate best practice regarding sustainable digital preservation among existing collections, repositories, and analogous enterprises 3.To make specific recommendations for actions that will catalyze the development of sustainable resource strategies for the reliable preservation of digital information 4.Provide a research agenda to organize and motivate future work.

12 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Scope of BRTF-SDPA BRTF focusing on economic sustainability of digital data for which there is a clear public interest Materials may come from a variety of sectors and in a variety of forms (text, audio, video, website, scientific data set, e-journals, etc.) Some of this data can/will be identified at its inception as data of long-term value; some will not: retention value will only become apparent over time. Economic sustainability models must be developed / identified in the context of changing arrangements between multiple missions and models for various sectors Target audiences and relevant domains may also vary over time Key topic for consideration: transfer of preservation responsibilities and associated digital content from one party to another party (or sets of parties) based on trigger or milestone events and changes in perceptions of value.

13 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access BRTF-SDPA Participants Blue Ribbon Task Force: Paul Ayris, University College London Fran Berman, SDSC/UCSD Bob Chadduck, NARA Liaison Sayeed Choudhury, Johns Hopkins University Elizabeth Cohen, AMPAS/Stanford Paul Courant, University of Michigan Lee Dirks, Microsoft Amy Friedlander, CLIR Chris Greer, NITRD Liaison Vijay Gurbaxani, UC Irvine Anita Jones, University of Virginia Ann Kerr, Consultant Brian Lavoie, OCLC Cliff Lynch, CNI Dan Rubinfeld, UC Berkeley Chris Rusbridge, DCC Roger Schonfeld, Ithaka Abby Smith, Consultant Anne Van Camp, Smithsonian Sponsoring Agencies/Institutions: National Science Foundation Mellon Foundation Library of Congress National Archives and Records Administration CLIR NITRD JISC Member institutions Specific Responsibilities Fran Berman / co-Chair Amy Friedlander / First Report Editor Ann Kerr / January Panel Rapporteur Brian Lavoie / co-Chair Susan Rathbun / Task Force Support Abby Smith / Second Report Editor Jan Zverina / Communications Lead Lucy Nowell / NSF Program Officer Don Waters / Mellon Program Officer Laura Campbell, Martha Anderson / LC representative

14 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access BRTF Deliverables First Year (2008) Report (positive, what is): Describe past and current models of economic sustainability for digital preservation (interviews, testimony, case studies, etc.); Identify points of convergence/divergence; lessons learned; What we know so far, and what our key knowledge gaps are. Second Year (2009) Report (normative, what should be): General cost framework: key cost categories of digital preservation Set of economic models/scenarios: alternate ways of organizing digital preservation activities, within the context of the cost framework Describe each model: features, pros, cons, trade-offs, etc. List real world conditions for which each model is best suited. If your digital preservation context is X, we recommend you consider using model Y to organize your activities in a sustainable way. Goal is to go beyond the3 Rs: 1.Data preservation is Really important 2.More Research is needed. 3.More Resources are needed.

15 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access BRTF-SDPA Working Definition of Economic Sustainability Economic sustainability in a digital preservation context: The set of business, social, technological, and policy mechanisms that 1. Encourage the gathering of important information assets into digital preservation systems, and 2. Support the indefinite persistence of the digital preservation systems, thus securing access to and use of the information assets into the long-term future Economically sustainable digital preservation requires Recognition of the benefits of preservation on the part of key decision-makers, as part of a process of selecting digital materials for long-term retention; Appropriate incentives to induce decision-makers to act in the public interest; Mechanisms to secure an ongoing allocation of resources, both within and across organizations, to digital preservation activities; Efficient use of limited preservation resources; Appropriate organization and governance of digital preservation activities.

16 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Challenges in Developing an Economic Model Difficult to compare and contrast different studies given diverse definitions of costs, units of measurement, scope or accounting methods Need to include costs associated with human dimensions (e.g., management) infrastructure elements of storage (e.g., power and cooling) data characteristics (e.g. size, format, type) Key related work: relevant and related recent studies focusing on various parts of the elephant (e.g. LIFE, BL cost models which focus on entire life-cycle of costs as well as inter-temporal considerations (e.g., inflation/deflation, interest rates))

17 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Year 1 Deliverable: Report which describes Current and Best Practices for Economic Sustainability 2008 Report will focus on Key issues for economic sustainability of digital preservation and access Key concepts and terminology Relevant literature Compilation and analysis of evidence on existing efforts to implement economically sustainable digital preservation activities The purpose is to provide a thorough survey of the problem space as it exists today, which in turn will provide context for and inform the work of BRTF in the second year. BRTF Year 1 Report is currently being drafted by Task Force members and Editor Amy Friedlander. Due out by January 2009.

18 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access What Wed Like to Know from the Community: Questions on Economic Sustainability for Digital Preservation What is the nature of the digital materials being preserved source(s), content, volume, format, copyright restrictions, frequency of use … ? Who are the stakeholders for these materials? Who benefits from the preservation of the target materials? What is the value proposition for this preservation effort? Why are stakeholders interested in the long-term preservation of the materials? What are the anticipated future uses of the materials? Is the value proposition perpetual, or does it expire within a finite time frame? What are the key features of long-term preservation for these materials? What are the elements of successful preservation : Bit preservation only? Format migration? Rich description/documentation with metadata? What are the key features of a preservation service that would meet the preservation requirements of the stakeholder community. What are the economic aspects of digital preservation? Given preservation requirements for the materials, what are the key cost categories associated with a preservation strategy aimed at meeting these requirements? Does the organization responsible for preservation also have a stake in the ongoing availability of the materials, or is it performing a service for hire? What are the mechanisms by which funding is generated for digital preservation activities? How are paying stakeholders identified?

19 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access 2008 BRTF Panels January Panel Speakers: John Gantz, IDC Stijn Hoorens, RAND Andy Maltz, AMPAS Edmund Mesrobian, RealNetworks July Panel Speakers: Helen Berman, Protein Data Bank Kris Carpenter, Internet Archive Myron Gutmann, Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research Rick Luce, Emory Library Paul Ratnaraj, Wharton Research Data Services Nan Rubin, Public Television Rick Zuray, Boeing Stuart McKee, Microsoft

20 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Other Venues for BRTF Information Gathering Testimony – template will be available on the website for community input on economic sustainability In-depth interviews – with community leaders Literature search – Related work on on economic sustainability for digital preservation and/or related efforts Task Force members – diverse, international group representing broad spectrum of sectors, perspectives, institutions

21 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Other Deliverables: BRTF-SDPA Website (brtf.sdsc.edu) BRTF-SDPA website being developed as a community resource for information about the Task Force input from the community literature related to Digital Preservation Templates for testimony to be available on the website Suggestions for inclusions for the bibliography encouraged

22 Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access Community Outreach -- Call to Action for both BRTF and the NDIIPP Community: Get the message out beyond the usual suspects Does your dry cleaner know what digital preservation is? We can help focus attention and encourage new resources from decision makers and the general public if we get the message out


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