Presentation on theme: "Miron / Rigol Bank Failures and Output during the Great Depression Vaughan / Economics 639."— Presentation transcript:
Miron / Rigol Bank Failures and Output during the Great Depression Vaughan / Economics 639
Key Findings 1.Replication of Bernankes results yielded same conclusions: Contemporaneous money surprises are positively correlated with industrial production. First differences of deposits in failed backs and liabilities of failed businesses are negatively correlated with industrial production. But… 2.The results are largely driven by March 1933 (bank holiday). When that observation is omitted, the coefficients on failed bank deposits and failed firm liabilities are no longer significant.
Key Findings 3.There is a potential simultaneity issue – are failures driving output or is output driving failures? – Assume, for the sake of argument, contemporaneous output is driving contemporaneous failures (i.e., that it takes at least one month for failures to have a negative impact on output). – When contemporaneous failures are omitted from the specification (to isolate the impact of failures on output), coefficients on failed bank deposits and failed firm liabilities are no longer significant. 4.The economic significance of the effect of failures on output (assuming away issues #2 and #3) is modest at best. Simulations of path of industrial production using Bernankes equation with/without failed bank deposits and failed firm liabilities show a modest difference when failed bank deposits/firm liabilities are included.