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XML Examples. Bank Information Basic structure: A-101 Downtown 500 … Johnson Alma Surrey … A-101 Johnson …

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Presentation on theme: "XML Examples. Bank Information Basic structure: A-101 Downtown 500 … Johnson Alma Surrey … A-101 Johnson …"— Presentation transcript:

1 XML Examples

2 Bank Information Basic structure: A-101 Downtown 500 … Johnson Alma Surrey … A-101 Johnson …

3 Example of Nested Elements Hayes Main Harrison A-102 Perryridge 400 …..

4 Attributes A-102 Perryridge 400 An element may have several attributes, but each attribute name can only occur once Same information can be represented in two ways – …. – A-101 … Suggestion: use attributes for identifiers of elements, and use subelements for contents Or: attributes for properties of the element and subelements for subparts.

5 Namespaces …http://www.FirstBank.com Downtown Brooklyn …

6 Bank DTD

7 Bank DTD with Attributes Bank DTD with ID and IDREF attribute types. … declarations for branch, balance, customer_name, customer_street and customer_city ]>

8 XML data with ID and IDREF attributes Downtown 500 Joe Monroe Madison Mary Erin Newark

9 XML Schema Version of Bank DTD ….. definitions of customer and depositor ….

10 More features of XML Schema Key constraint: account numbers form a key for account elements under the root bank element: Foreign key constraint from depositor to account:

11 XPath E.g. /bank-2/customer/customer_name evaluated on the bank-2 data we saw earlier returnsbank-2 data Joe Mary E.g. /bank-2/customer/customer_name/text( ) returns the same names, but without the enclosing tags

12 XPath (Cont.) Selection predicates: E.g. /bank-2/account[balance > 400] returns account elements with a balance value greater than 400 /bank-2/account[balance] returns account elements containing a balance subelement E.g. /bank-2/account[balance > returns the account numbers of accounts with balance > 400

13 XQuery XQuery uses a for … let … where … order by …result … syntax: for SQL from where SQL where order by SQL order by result SQL select let allows temporary variables, and has no equivalent in SQL

14 FLWR Syntax in XQuery Find all accounts with balance > 400, with each result enclosed in an.. tag for $x in /bank-2/account let $acctno := where $x/balance > 400 return { $acctno } Items in the return clause are XML text unless enclosed in {}, in which case they are evaluated Query can also be written as: for $x in /bank-2/account[balance>400] return { }

15 Joins Joins can be specified in a manner very similar to SQL for $a in /bank/account, $c in /bank/customer, $d in /bank/depositor where $a/account_number = $d/account_number and $c/customer_name = $d/customer_name return { $c $a } The same query can be expressed with the selections specified as XPath selections: for $a in /bank/account $c in /bank/customer $d in /bank/depositor[ account_number = $a/account_number and customer_name = $c/customer_name ] return { $c $a }

16 Nested Queries The following query converts data from the flat structure for bank information into a nested structure. { for $c in /bank/customer return { $c/* } { for $d in /bank/depositor[customer_name = $c/customer_name], $a in /bank/account[account_number=$d/account_number] return $a } } $c/* denotes all the children of the node to which $c is bound, without the enclosing top-level tag $c/text() gives text content of an element without any subelements / tags

17 Sorting in XQuery To return customers sorted by name for $c in /bank/customer order by $c/customer_name return { $c/* } Can sort at multiple levels of nesting (sort by customer_name, and by account_number within each customer) { for $c in /bank/customer order by $c/customer_name return { $c/* } { for $d in /bank/depositor[customer_name=$c/customer_name], $a in /bank/account[account_number=$d/account_number] } order by $a/account_number return $a/* }


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