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NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 1. 2 OVERVIEW I. Recent banking sector developments II. Policy responses to the financial crisis II.1. Proactive measures undertaken.

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Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 1. 2 OVERVIEW I. Recent banking sector developments II. Policy responses to the financial crisis II.1. Proactive measures undertaken."— Presentation transcript:

1 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 1

2 2 OVERVIEW I. Recent banking sector developments II. Policy responses to the financial crisis II.1. Proactive measures undertaken by the National Bank of Romania for mitigating the effects of the financial crisis II.2. The IMF Stand-By Arrangement – actions for further strengthening of the financial sector III. The perspectives of lending

3 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 3 I. Recent banking sector developments

4 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 4 Evolution of Domestic Credit

5 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 5 Financial Intermediation*

6 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 6 Loans to Private Sector

7 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 7 Non-Financial Corporations' Loans and Deposits

8 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 8 Households' Loans and Deposits

9 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 9 Interest Rates in the Banking System

10 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 10 Analysis Ratios for the Banking System

11 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 11 II. Policy response to the financial crisis II.1. Proactive measures undertaken by the National Bank of Romania for mitigating the effects of the financial crisis

12 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 12 Effects of the Global Financial Crisis on Romania from the Lending Perspective Financial channel Exchange rate channel Wealth and balance sheet channel Confidence channel Diminished access to external financing => impact on lending volume, especially FX loans Lower foreign currency inflows => downward pressure on the RON Risk aversion of foreign investors relative to emerging economies => decline in foreign investments Deterioration of households and companies net assets because of FX loans debt service increase and reduction in asset prices Global financial crisis

13 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 13 II.1. Proactive Measures by the NBR since September 2008 when the Crisis Emerged (1) a.Liquidity management and money market functioning measures Use of lending facility, FX swaps and repo operations Minimum reserve requirement reduction: for RON-denominated liabilities from 20% to 18% => starting with Nov. 2008 for FX-denominated liabilities with residual maturities of over 2 years from 40% to 0% => starting with May 2008 Amending rules for interbank interest rates b.Interest rate decisions (monetary policy rate) Feb. 2008 => rate cut from 10.25% to 10% May 2009 => rate cut from 10% to 9.5%

14 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 14 II.1. Proactive Measures by the NBR since September 2008 when the Crisis Emerged (2) c. Supervisory actions Liquidity: Strengthening of bank liquidity monitoring Recommendations to diversify financing resources Request for alternative financing arrangements etc. Solvency: Strengthening of solvency monitoring Requests for capital increases Requests for maintaining solvency ratios above minimum level of 8% etc. Lending: Recommendations to reduce sectoral concentrations Requirements to improve banks risk management frameworks etc. d. Regulatory actions Simplify mortgage lending rules (NBR Regulation 2/2009) Adapt provisioning requirements for loans overdue for more than 90 days (NBR Regulation 3/2009) Allow for interim profit to be included in own funds (NBR/NSC Regulation 6/3/2009) etc.

15 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 15 II. Policy response to the financial crisis II.2. The IMF Stand-By Arrangement – actions for further strengthening of the financial sector

16 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 16 The International Financing Arrangement for Romania The total size of the support is EUR 20 billion (2009-2011): IMF Stand-By Arrangement of EUR 12.95 bn. EU balance of payments financing facility of EUR 5 bn. World Bank, EBRD commitments of EUR 2 bn. The program aims to cushion the effects of a sharp drop in private capital inflows and to facilitate an orderly adjustment of the external deficit, thus easing excessive pressures on the exchange rate To attain these objectives, the program intends to: 1.strengthen fiscal policy 2.bring inflation within the NBRs target range and maintain it there 3.maintain adequate bank capitalization and liquidity 4.secure adequate external financing and improve confidence.

17 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 17 Rationale for Banking System Actions StrengthsChallenges Banking system is sound and well capitalized The parents of the main banks operating in Romania have pledged any support necessary for their subsidiaries, committing to maintaining their global exposures to Romania and to recapitalizing subsidiaries The macroeconomic environment is difficult, including from the perspective of the economic downturn The global economic and financial outlook is still negative, which maintains the investors uncertainty and risk aversion Need for actions aimed at further strengthening the banking system

18 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 18 Main Actions Part of the Stand-by Arrangement (1) I.Maintain a strong capitalization of the banking system on the medium term Banks are required to secure by 30 September 2009 sufficient resources to ensure solvency ratios above 10% II.Improve the capacity to respond in a timely and effective fashion in the event of bank distress Strengthen the special administrators ability to deal with banks in weak financial positions NBRs will be empowered to request that significant shareholders financially support the bank and to prohibit or limit profit distribution Other legal amendments: simplify and strengthen the court- based proceedings for winding-up of banks

19 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 19 III.Ensure the confidence in the banking system RDGF will have access to government privatization receipts Deposit insurance payment period will be shortened to 20 working days IV.Continuously improve the supervision and regulation framework Improve bank liquidity regulations Raise minimum level of the capital adequacy ratio from 8% to 10% Adopt International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) V.Promote some measures to ease the debt servicing by borrowers during the crisis Seek an agreement with commercial banks to facilitate the restructuring of household debt contracted in foreign currency Main Actions Part of the Stand-by Arrangement (2)

20 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 20 Vienna Initiative The continuing involvement of foreign banks in Romania enhances the successful implementation of the macroeconomic reform program On March 26 in Vienna, the parent banks of the nine largest foreign banks (from Austria, Greece, France and Italy) operating in Romania have committed to: –maintain their overall exposure to our country and –increase the capital of their subsidiaries as needed A follow up meeting was held on May 19 in Brussels, when the nine parent banks agreed to submit specific bilateral commitment letters in the coming weeks to fulfill the objectives agreed upon in Vienna. Main Actions Part of the Stand-by Arrangement (3)

21 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 21 III. The perspectives of lending

22 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 22 Measures Already Undertaken and Those Announced Started Improving Fundamentals Increased confidence in Romania Sound macroeconomic and financial sector policies are creating strong fundamentals for lending revitalization

23 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 23 Confidence Effect: Spreads on Eurobonds (German Benchmark) Have Decreased Significantly

24 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 24 The Perspectives of Lending (1) NBR is prepared to undertake further measures which will have a positive effect on bank lending, including a gradual ease of the reserve requirements if monetary and macroeconomic conditions have favorable developments The external financing from IFIs will increase the availability of funds in the economy, which will encourage lending expansion However much will depend on how the supply and the demand for loans will adjust to the new conditions

25 NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA 25 The Perspectives of Lending (2) Supply of loans Bank lending will resume, although the pace of growth will be slower than that recorded previously (e.g. 2007) A downward adjustment is expected for deposit interest rates, which will also push down lending interest rates The banks will undergo a restructuring process following increasing pressure on profitability and from competitors Demand for loans The decreasing cost of borrowing will stimulate the demand for loans Any measures supportive of borrowing, such as supplementing the capacity of guaranteeing the loans will be beneficial Confidence will increase as economic prospects improve


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