Presentation on theme: "The World Banks Carbon Finance Business: Joint Implementation Experience Benoît Bosquet, World Bank Carbon Finance Business UNFCCC JI Workshop Moscow,"— Presentation transcript:
The World Banks Carbon Finance Business: Joint Implementation Experience Benoît Bosquet, World Bank Carbon Finance Business UNFCCC JI Workshop Moscow, May 26-27, 2004
Contents World Bank and Climate Change World Bank Carbon Finance Products Current JI Projects Lessons Learnt from JI Potential Future JI Projects AAU Greening Next Steps for Russia
World Bank and Climate Change World Banks mission is poverty reduction WB endorses IPCC predictions Climate change, a global public bad, affects the poorest the most Private-public initiatives needed to mitigate climate change Take advantage of Kyoto flexible mechanisms Develop core CDM/JI market Expand carbon finance into small projects Demonstrate implementation of carbon sinks Build capacity of Host Countries
World Bank Carbon Finance Products Italian Carbon Fund. $35 million (open). Italian Multi-shareholder. Multipurpose. Netherlands Clean Development Facility. $125-180 million. Netherlands Ministry of Environment. CDM energy projects. BioCarbon Fund. $12.5 million (open). Multi-shareholder. JI and CDM LULUCF projects. Community Development Carbon Fund. $39.5 million (open). Multi-shareholder. Small-scale CDM energy projects. Prototype Carbon Fund. $180 million (closed). Multi-shareholder. Multi-purpose. Total funds under management, April 2004: ~ US$410 million Netherlands JI Facility Netherlands JI Facility. $60 million with IFC (under negotiation). Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs. JI projects.
Current JI Projects (PCF) Bulgaria Sofia and Pernik District Heating Bulgaria Svilosa Biomass Czech Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Hungary Pannonpower Latvia Liepaja Solid Waste Management Poland Stargard Geothermal Romania Afforestation of Degraded Agr. Land
Bulgaria Sofia and Pernik District Heating Energy efficiency improvements (pipes, pumps, substations) 1,241,000 t CO 2 e (2005-2012) Pre-2008 credits under discussion: AAU greening Baseline study, pre-validation Project submitted for Approval Contract under negotiation
Bulgaria Svilosa Biomass Switch from heavy fuel oil to wood residue biomass in 13 MW boiler at wood pulp plant 450,000 t CO 2 e (2004-2012) Pre-2008 credits approved (1 t CO 2 e = 1 AAU) Baseline study, pre-validation, contract, initial verification, start of generation
Czech Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Umbrella agreement for several energy efficiency and renewable energy projects Contracts with intermediaries: CEA, SEF 2 district heating projects in Decin and Rozmital approved and validated: 212,000 t CO 2 e (2004- 2012) More projects under preparation, incl. Hydro Pre-2008 credits approved (1 t CO 2 e = 1 AAU)
Hungary Pécs Heat and Power Switch from coal to biomass (wood chips) for co-generation (65 MWth and 49 MWe) Pannonpower will supply heat to the city of Pécs and electricity to the grid 1,193,000 t CO 2 e (2008-2012) Baseline study, pre-validation, contract
Latvia Liepaja Solid Waste Management Recovery of landfill gas for electricity production 388,000 tCO 2 e (2004-2014) Pre-2008 credits approved (1 t CO 2 e = 1 AAU) Baseline study, pre-validation, contract
Poland Stargard Geothermal 13 MW geothermal project 300,000 tCO 2 e (2004-2012) Pre-2008 credits approved (1 t CO 2 e = 1 AAU) Baseline study Contract under negotiation
Romania Afforestation Afforestation of 6,000 ha of degraded state-owned agricultural land 855,000 t CO 2 e (2003-2017) Pre-2008 credits approved (1 t CO 2 e = 1 AAU) Baseline study, pre-validation, contract, initial verification, start of generation, first ER delivery
Lessons Learnt from JI (a) Competitive market (more than CDM) Fewer projects than anticipated (only 10% of PCF): Financing constraints in some countries What is the project approval process? Need to be creative for remunerating pre-2008 reductions: hybrid between Art.6 and 17 (AAU Greening), but controversial with some governments Will there be enough headroom?
Lessons Learnt from JI (b) Apply Track 2: waste of money? CDM process is still heavy, especially methodology approval: too project-specific, not generic enough Focus on additionality not needed: Host Country could sell ERs as ERUs or AAUs EU accession countries: how will JI coexist with EU ETS? Move to Track 1 desirable No need for establishing additionality, but Multiple standards, depending on Host Country JI (and CDM) window of opportunity is closing due to long lead times
Potential Future JI Projects (BioCF, Netherlands JI, ICF) Czech Republic: try Track 1 approach on portfolio of projects Romania: N 2 O reduction, afforestation Poland: Biomass, biodiesel, afforestation Russia: Fuel switch, coal bed methane capture, energy efficiency Ukraine: Coal bed methane capture, forest management
AAU Greening Project-based Art.17, early credits and/or late credits Sale of AAUs by Host, with reinvestment of revenues into climate-friendly projects (energy efficiency, carbon sinks, etc.) Sale of AAUs to raise capital and service debt Discussed with several Governments More palatable to buyers than straight Art.17 Seller rebuilds its AAUs
Next Steps for Russia to Sell Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol JI or AAU Greening To deal with the World Bank carbon funds: Sign Memorandum of Understanding: who represents Russia? Sign Host Country Agreement (if pre-2008 credits to be sold) Endorsement/Approval of projects (many proposals received)
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