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Independent Review of the Banks Non- Sovereign Portfolio: Preliminary Findings and Lessons African Development Bank www.afdb.org/opev Mohamed Manai OPEV.

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Presentation on theme: "Independent Review of the Banks Non- Sovereign Portfolio: Preliminary Findings and Lessons African Development Bank www.afdb.org/opev Mohamed Manai OPEV."— Presentation transcript:

1 Independent Review of the Banks Non- Sovereign Portfolio: Preliminary Findings and Lessons African Development Bank Mohamed Manai OPEV

2 Operations Evaluation Department A: Introduction B: Methodology and Approach C : Preliminary Findings D: Lessons and Opportunities

3 Four (4) critical work streams were identified: o Strategic Alignment, o Portfolio Performance, o Risk Management and o Institutional Efficiency. Operations Evaluation Department A: Introduction and Scope of the NSO Portfolio Review

4 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited Data-driven approach of analyzing overall PSO portfolio data, targeted file reviews, client and internal interviews, external benchmarking Core documents for the Strategy workstream included 2004 PSO Strategy and 2007 Update, Business Plan, PARs, ASRs, BTORs, XSR, Project Status Reports, operations policies 4 Portfolio data on 137 active projects File review of reports specific To each inception question Benchmarking of comparable IFIs Field interviews on 18% of portfolio projects B: Methodology and Approach

5 Operations Evaluation Department C: Preliminary Findings

6 6 Deloitte PowerPoint timesaver – March 2011 Strategic Alignment Workstream

7 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited 7 Overview – Strategic Priorities 7 Infrastructure, Industry & Service Sectors LICs Fragile States Equity Risk Sharing Instruments DFI Partnerships Strong Growth Cautious Growth Portfolio Quality Household Government Environment Social Financial Intermediary Support MSMEs Exposure Limits Risk Rating Targets Member Support Operational Efficiency Political Risk

8 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited To What Extent is the PSO Portfolio Aligned to the Strategys Five Objectives? 1.Improving the Investment Climate 8 Objective fits with one bank concept of integrated operations

9 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited To What Extent is the PSO Portfolio Aligned to the Strategys Five Objectives? 2.Supporting Private Enterprises 9 Need to define SMEs and require DO monitoring Interventions through intermediaries and DFIs have tradeoffs: Positives: financial additionality, reduced risk exposure Concerns: loss of control over funds usage, limited ability to monitor and impact DO, different priorities between PSO and client financial institutions Increasing equity fund investments reach SMEs, create high additionality Strong concerns: far greater risk exposure, need for additional monitoring and management, lack of defined exit strategies, overall coordination

10 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited 10 To What Extent is the PSO Portfolio Aligned to the Strategys Five Objectives? 3. Strengthening Financial Systems Provision of lower cost funding and longer tenors being achieved, generates financial additionality Majority of PSO portfolio in LOCs and Term Loans to financial institutions Ratings agencies have raised concerns over concentrations with sub-prime and unrated bank borrowers Concerns over DFIs following own objectives and priorities vs. those for AfDB Only three interventions in insurance and leasing sector, huge growth opportunity and need across sub-Saharan Africa Strong client demand for local currency loans

11 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited 11 To What Extent is the PSO Portfolio Aligned to the Strategys Five Objectives? 4.Building Competitive Infrastructure Very high catalytic effect 43% achieved in LICs, a strategic priority Higher risk ratings than overall portfolio Limited use of TA on infrastructure project Portfolio strongly aligns to core objective and multiple priorities Targeted TA utilizing WB Group model can reduce risk exposure, improve outcomes

12 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited 12 To What Extent is the PSO Portfolio Aligned to the Strategys Objectives? 5.Promoting Regional Integration and Trade Implementation through facilitating diagnostic efforts with other DFIs Limited number of dedicated trade finance facilities and export-enhancement credits within portfolio Infrastructure projects have great potential to achieve objective. Eg. Senegal. Other IFIs have high level of activity with trade finance programs through local banks Financing support for local suppliers would be welcomed EBRDs TFP Program 100 partner banks participate Required EBRD training and TA for minimum of one year 7 billion in trade finance facilities Heavy cross-selling with other EBRD bank products

13 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited To What Extent Are PSO Interventions Consistent with the Banks Priority Areas? By sector, the portfolio is directionally consistent, greater concentration with financial intermediaries than among AfDB peers Portfolio achieved infrastructure targets based on volume, fell short for Industry & Services sector Higher share of financial intermediary projects than peers Greater risk exposure and time requirements to reach disbursement on infrastructure projects, also greater monitoring requirements 13

14 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited To What Extent Are PSO Interventions Consistent with the Banks Priority Areas? Portfolio is clearly moving towards income/geography priorities High number of projects in LICs, tend to be smaller given country risk ceilings Increase of 500% in LIC portfolio volume over five years Good balance of LIC projects by sector Higher weighted risk ratings than MIC and regional projects 14

15 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited To What Extent Are PSD Interventions Consistent with the Banks Priority Areas? By instrument type, a majority of interventions are senior loans; equity concentration has grown in line with priority focus; development of other instruments has been slower Equity concentration has grown to 17% of portfolio Minimal guarantee activity, much higher at other IFIs Higher weighted risk rating (4.9) for equity investments than loans Lacking correlation between DO and instrument, but clear additionality on equity investments Equity interventions are riskier and need far greater management and monitoring than loans 15

16 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited Are the PSO Instruments Responsive to Strategic Goals and Objectives? 16 Market demand exists for expanded guarantee and trade finance products PSO offers 15 instruments of which 9 are in the current approved portfolio

17 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited Other IFIs have higher concentrations in guarantees and equity investments 17 Are the PSO Instruments Responsive to Strategic Goals and Objectives? IFI Guarantee Programs Majority in trade finance (GTLP, TFP) Cross-sold through product specialists In-house training required (EBRD) Demand strongest in LICs IFC in Sub-Saharan Africa $5 billion NSO portfolio 150% growth in 5 years Strong GTLP and Guarantee Programs

18 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited Policies can be updated or modified to help PSO more effectively align the portfolio to objectives Update of PSO policy guidelines Project cancellations, ownership status, financing limits, provisioning requirements Project development and pipeline management Decentralize IO function to the field, close coordination with OSGE, ECON, and country teams, active project development with host government ministries and PPP units Enforcement of reporting requirements and policies Monitoring of DO, financial statements, environmental standards, fund disbursements by client financial institutions 18 Opportunities

19 ©2011 Deloitte Global Services Limited 19 Policies can be updated or modified to help PSO more effectively align the portfolio to objectives Approval processes Framework agreements, Board notification vs. approval, uniform approach to all interventions regardless of size or complexity Equity fund and investment guidelines Overall equity fund strategic framework, return requirements, exit strategies, specialized teams and guidelines, Board representation Loss threatening situations Stronger and more aggressive workout function on default interventions Active management on equity fund investments whenever negative returns reach certain thresholds (-15% or -20% suggested) 19 Opportunities (continued)

20 20 Deloitte PowerPoint timesaver – March 2011 Portfolio Performance Pillar

21 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Overview of Portfolio Performance: the majority of projects are performing 21

22 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Overview of Portfolio Performance – Watch List 22 1: Includes 1 project on the signed not disbursed (watch list)

23 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Overview of Portfolio Performance: Investment profitability 23 1 Investment profitability available for fully disbursed PSO deb projects only Investment profitability available for fully disbursed PSO deb projects only Equity investments Age of fund Cumulative returns 2 LowAverageHigh Fund raising phase %-38.7%-3.7% Investment phase %-1.8%62.5% Divestment phase 7+N/A 2 Information Note: Equity Portfolio – Risk Capital Utilization and Performance, October 2012

24 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Additionality: To what extent is the Private Sector Operations (PSO) portfolio contributing; (i) to the catalytic and demonstrational impact, (ii) in leveraging Private Sector Development (PSD) and (iii) in catalyzing additional private sector investment, both domestically and through foreign direct investment (FDI), including the promotion of regional integration? 24 Source: FDI and private capital flow data from World Bank Database

25 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Additionality: To what extent is the Private Sector Operations (PSO) portfolio contributing; (i) to the catalytic and demonstrational impact, (ii) in leveraging Private Sector Development (PSD) and (iii) in catalyzing additional private sector investment, both domestically and through foreign direct investment (FDI), including the promotion of regional integration? File reviews and field interviews indicated that the PSO Portfolio is financial additionality is satisfactory: 25

26 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Additionality: To what extent is the Private Sector Operations (PSO) portfolio contributing; (i) to the catalytic and demonstrational impact, (ii) in leveraging Private Sector Development (PSD) and (iii) in catalyzing additional private sector investment, both domestically and through foreign direct investment (FDI), including the promotion of regional integration? 26

27 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Additionality: To what extent did PSO contribute to enhanced visibility, accessibility of financing and technical assistance?. 27

28 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Overview of Portfolio Performance: Disbursement Delays Often Caused by Cancellations, Recent Approvals or Project-Specific Situations 28

29 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Project implementation performance: What are the underlying causes for NSO effectiveness and disbursement delays? 29 1: Based on available data for 128 projects out of 137 active projects in the NSO portfolio

30 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Development outcomes: To what extent does quality-at-entry default have a cost and negative impact on the portfolio performance? 30 1: Based on file review of the ADOA note available on file for the 24 sample projects.

31 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Development outcomes: To what extent did PSO contribute to overall development outcomes (business successes, economic sustainability, social and environmental sustainability, private sector development)? The Bank has limited ability to influence use of financing for indirect investments such as equity investments and lines of credit Field interview case studies, lines of credit Field interview case studies, equity investments: Field interview case studies, senior loans: good examples of projects achieving development outcomes 31

32 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP NSO has the process and tools in place for project appraisal and supervision / monitoring for tracking and measuring project implementation; ADOA has a comprehensive system is in place to assess development outcomes and additionality at project origination; NSO has initiated development outcomes tracking through the use of the core indicator templates. 32 Strengths and advantages of the DO monitoring and tracking process

33 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Opportunities 33 Project Implementation Performance TopicsOpportunities Implement quarterly investment profitability tracking system for projects; Review ADOA process efficiencies, allow for a 1 page approval to proceed at the early project acceptance phase, assign 1 ADOA reviewer and 1 peer reviewer etc. Develop process and tools to capture clients feedback on the Banks additionality of PSO projects; Explore additional / innovative financial instruments to meet clients needs; Proactive in seeking ways to support political risk mitigation of PSO projects 33 Additionality Development Outcomes Increase alignment between ex-ante DO assessment and ex-post DO monitoring to improve the transparency of DO achievement and to determine the predictive reliability of ADOA Include development outcomes reporting in the legal agreement to ensure compliance Bank needs to identify and to prioritize the qualitative factors of PSD strategy/objectives to improve decision-making of PSO projects approval at board meetings, e.g.,

34 ©2012 Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP Opportunities 34 Implement a more structured approach to project portfolio management. 1 Define time- or milestone- based core indications to improve tracking and reporting of development outcomes; Institute consistent framework and indicators for development outcomes ex-ante assessment and ex-post monitoring; Utilize a Decision Analysis approach (Multiple Attribute) to facilitate decision-making for the PSO given the multiple priorities. 2 Utilize modern portfolio management software solutions, including data visualization, to facilitate improved insights for senior management, decision making, and performance tracking. Development Outcomes 1: For example, see: Richard M. Bayney, Ph.D., and Ram Chakravarti, Enterprise Project Portfolio Management, J. Ross Publishing, 2012, pp Also: Michael Meard, A Fish In Your Ear: The New Discipline of Project Portfolio Management, CreateSpace: North Charleston, SC, For example, see: Department for Communities and Local Government: London, Multi-Criteria Analysis: A Manual, Department for Communities and Local Government: London, 2009.

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