Presentation on theme: "Income Tax. Federal Income Tax Federal Income tax is when you pay on your income to the United States (Federal) Government. The IRS is the government."— Presentation transcript:
Federal Income Tax Federal Income tax is when you pay on your income to the United States (Federal) Government. The IRS is the government agency that is responsible for collecting income tax.
Social Security Tax This tax is also paid to the federal government. Retired people and disabled people often receive Social Security Payments.
Medicare Medicare is paid to the Federal Government. It provides medical insurance for senior citizens. Social Security tax and Medicare tax used to be combined and were called FICA (Federal Insurance Contribution Act)
Other Taxes Many states have some other form of tax. For example Rhode Island has TDI (Temporary Disability Insurance)
What is Federal Income Used for? 1. National Defense 2. Transportation 3. Health 4. Agriculture 5. Education 6. International Affairs 7. Science, energy, research
How much does the Government Spend? Received: $1,700,000,000,000 Spent: $2,072,000,000,000 Deficit of : 37,200,000,000. (2007 Fiscal Year)
Where does the money go? Where?Amount Past and Current Military$874.2 Billion Health$458 Billion Interest on Non-Military Debt$213.3 Billion Anti-Poverty Programs$179.4 Billion Education, Training and Social Services$90.6 Billion Government and Law Enforcement$80.7 Billion Housing and Community Development$69.2 Billion Environment, Energy and Science$54.6 Billion Agriculture, Commerce and Transportation $31.7 Billion International Affairs $21.5 Billion
Withholding: If you are employed the law requires your employer to withhold part of your income to pay your taxes. The employer sends the money to the federal government The amount of money the employer withholds during the year is an estimate of your total tax bill.
Tax Return Since everybodys situation is different, too much or too little money may be withheld from your salary to pay your tax bill. The tax return is used to calculate your exact tax bill. If too much tax is withheld, you receive a refund when your file your tax return form. If not enough tax is withheld, you must pay more when you file your tax return form.
W-4 Forms: When you fill out a W-4 Form, you tell your employer how much tax to withhold from your salary. A new W-4 form can be filled out at any time. Usually a W-4 form is filled out for the following reasons: You start a new job You get married or divorced You have a child Your child moves out and no longer receives your financial support If you have two jobs, you must fill out a W-4 form for each job.
Gross Pay/Net Pay Gross Pay is the total amount you earn before your employer withholds federal and state taxes. Net Pay is the amount of pay you receive after your employer withholds federal and state taxes.
Sample Pay Stub A NameSocial Security No.Pay PeriodPay Date Hernandez, Joe123-45-6789Ends 12/24/0812/31/08 Hours/UnitsRateEarningsDeductions 80.008.93714.400.00 Gross PayFederal Income Tax Soc. Sex. Tax Medicare Tax State TaxSDINet Pay This Pay714.4078.0044.2910.3612.379.29560.09 YTD 15,000.001638.00930.00217.50259.77195.0911,759.64
Pay Stub B NameSocial Security No.Pay PeriodPay Date Johnson, Joyce987-65-4321Ends 12/24/0812/31/08 Hours/UnitsRateEarningsDeductions 487.50360.000.00 Gross PayFederal Income Tax Soc. Sec. Tax Medicare Tax State TaxCity TaxNet Pay This Pay360.0010.0020.126.242.754.10$316.79 YTD7,600.00208.00471.10110.2052.0048.806,709.90
Filing Concepts and Deadlines What is your Filing Status? Your filing status is how you define your family situation for tax purposes. Single Person A single individual or a divorced individual. Head of Household An unmarried person who shared and maintained a home for themselves and a qualifying relative for more than six months. Example children, grandparents, grandchildren, brother, sister, and in-laws. A married person who is separated and supported himself/herself and a child in a shared home for more than six months. Lived apart from the spouse during the last six months, and files for a separate tax return.
Filing Status Continued: Widow or widower with dependant child A widow or widower who has not remarried and whose spouse died during the previous two years. Must have at least one dependant child. Married Couple, filing together (jointly) A married couple or a person who became a widow or widower during the filing year. Married Couple, filing separately A married couple who file separate returns. Each spouse filing separately is charged at a higher rate than if the couple filed together.
Who Is a DEPENDANT? People who are supported by others are generally considered dependants. Someone who has children or other close relatives they support, can claim them as dependants on their form. You can receive a deduction on your taxes for each dependant.
Earned Income Credit A special credit for low-income parents who earn less than a certain amount.
Definitions cntd. Penalty: A fine for not following the IRS Rules. Usually, the IRS charges your extra money if you send in your income tax forms late or if you do not pay all of the tax money you owe. Audit: A check of your tax return by the IRS. The IRS is looking for mistakes. Deadline: Last date by which taxes be completed and mailed to the IRS. What is the tax deadline? Taxes are usually due on April 15 th.
Should you file? Sometimes it is a good idea to file for a tax return even if you are not required to do so. You should file if: You had income tax withheld from your pay. You qualify for the earned income credit. Your income is less than $33,241.00
What happens when you file? You will get money back. o The refund check will come to you directly in the mail, or you can choose to have it directly deposited into your bank account. You will owe more money to pay your taxes. o You pay the amount you owe when you send in your tax return forms. If you cannot pay the whole amount, you can send a partial payment. o The IRS will bill you for the balance, plus interest.
What if you make a mistake? Amended Returns o If after you file you find out you made a mistake, you may file a amended return. Audits o The IRS may audit your tax return. If the IRS finds a mistake you may have to pay more taxes, plus interest. Sometimes there is also a penalty.
Penalties For Not Filing Or Mistakes Civil Penalties: You may have to pay penalties if you: Are requited to file a return and dont file File Late Dont Pay enough taxes Make Serious Mistakes Commit Fraud These penalties are extra payments, in addition to taxes and interest.
Criminal Penalties If you commit serious fraud, you may be brought to jail. In addition to making penalty payments, you could be sent to jail.
Social Security Numbers Who needs one? Anyone who files a tax form. Dependants (for example, your children) Where do you get it? File a form SS-5 with your local social security Administration Office. Example of format of social security number: 038-01-1234
Filing Procedures Wages: Money you are paid by your employer; salary Interest: Money a bank pays you for savings you have deposited there. Standard Deduction: A fixed amount of money that the government allows you to subtract from then income you report to the IRS. Itemized Deduction: The actual amount of expenditures you may subtract from your income. Exemption: Amount of money you may subtract from your income for each dependant. IRA- Individual Retirement Account. A special savings account for workers, similar to a pension or retirement plan at work.
W-2 Form W-2 Form: The form your employer sends to you in January of each year that indicates how much you earned the year before, and how much was deducted from your earnings to pay taxes.
Filling Out Forms Claim: To list. For example, you list or claim deductions and exemptions on your income tax forms. Dividends: Money you receive from stocks or investments.
1040 EZ You can use the 1040 EZ if you meet the following requirements: Single Peron or married couple filing jointly and under 65 Total taxable income of $50,000 or less Taxable interest $400 or less Uses standard deduction. May not itemize deductions. No dependants U.S. Resident All taxable income comes from earnings reported on W-2 and interest.
1040A Who can use the 1040A? The 1040A is for taxpayers of any age with: A total taxable income of $50,000 or less Any amount of taxable interest or dividend income Any filing status Any number of dependants Unacceptable Income Sources: Rental Income Income from your own business or contract work