6Mayan Government City states Mayans reached their peak from A.D.The Mayans had built more than 100 city-states. Each with its own king and its own government.Availability of resources led to trade between villages in the Yucatan peninsula.Trade led to wealth, sharing of resources and exchange of ideas.
7Mayan Government City-States Largest city was Tikal with up to 100,000 people and eight pyramidsCity-states had a ceremonial center, tall pyramids, large open plazas, and palacesThe ruler and priests lived in the center. Upper and middle class houses surrounded the center. The peasants lived in huts on the outer edge of the city.City-state is made up of the ceremonial center and small villages that surround it.
10Mayan Economy Agriculture They used the slash and burn method. They cut down trees, dried, and then burned them. Ashes fertilized the soil.They cut out terraces in hilly terrain in order to have a flat planting surface.Trade with other city-states led to wealth, sharing of resources and exchange of ideas.
13Aztec Civilization Civilization began on island in Lake Texcoco. According to legend, they went to a wet, swampy island in Lake Texcoco.They saw an eagle sitting on a prickly pear cactus with a snake hanging from its beak.The Aztec believed this was where the sun god told them to settle.The Aztec called the new city Tenochtitlan.
15Aztec GovernmentEmpire was ruled by an emperor who was believed to have descended from the gods.Council of priests, nobles & warriors named the emperor from a ruling family.City-states were ruled by local leadersCity-States paid tribute to the emperor.Aztecs conquered neighboring city-states to gain control of resources.
16Aztec Economy Agriculture (farming), then, Specialization of labor—artisans, craftsmenTrade growsTributes paid to emperor by conquered peoples.Wealth of empire grows
17Incan CivilizationBegan in Cuzco, high in the Andes Mountains in South America.Empire extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands.
18Incan Government Empire led by emperor descended from the gods Strong central government needed to maintain large empireLocal leaders were appointed by the emperorLands were conquered and the empire expanded
19Incan EconomyAgriculture—people grew and created what they needed—any left over was collected by the government and stored.Labor tax--Everyone was required to work for the governmentNo trade– the government collected everything produced except for what families needed.Command economy—no money, no credit– only small amounts of local bartering.