ANCIENT AMERICAS CIVILIZATIONS MAYANS AZTECs INCANS
POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC STRUCTURE EMPIRE, EMPEROR RULERS AND PRIESTS CITY-STATESLOCAL RULERS AVAILABILITY OF RESOURCES CONTROL OF RESOURCES AGRICULTURE TRADE, EXCHANGE OF IDEAS WEALTH
Mayan Government City states Mayans reached their peak from A.D. The Mayans had built more than 100 city- states. Each with its own king and its own government. Availability of resources led to trade between villages in the Yucatan peninsula. Trade led to wealth, sharing of resources and exchange of ideas.
Mayan Government City-States Largest city was Tikal with up to 100,000 people and eight pyramids City-states had a ceremonial center, tall pyramids, large open plazas, and palaces The ruler and priests lived in the center. Upper and middle class houses surrounded the center. The peasants lived in huts on the outer edge of the city. City-state is made up of the ceremonial center and small villages that surround it.
Mayan Economy Agriculture They used the slash and burn method. They cut down trees, dried, and then burned them. Ashes fertilized the soil. They cut out terraces in hilly terrain in order to have a flat planting surface. Trade with other city-states led to wealth, sharing of resources and exchange of ideas.
Aztec Civilization Civilization began on island in Lake Texcoco. According to legend, they went to a wet, swampy island in Lake Texcoco. They saw an eagle sitting on a prickly pear cactus with a snake hanging from its beak. The Aztec believed this was where the sun god told them to settle. The Aztec called the new city Tenochtitlan.
Aztec Government Empire was ruled by an emperor who was believed to have descended from the gods. Council of priests, nobles & warriors named the emperor from a ruling family. City-states were ruled by local leaders City-States paid tribute to the emperor. Aztecs conquered neighboring city-states to gain control of resources.
Aztec Economy Agriculture (farming), then, Specialization of laborartisans, craftsmen Trade grows Tributes paid to emperor by conquered peoples. Wealth of empire grows
Incan Civilization Began in Cuzco, high in the Andes Mountains in South America. Empire extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands.
Incan Government Empire led by emperor descended from the gods Strong central government needed to maintain large empire Local leaders were appointed by the emperor Lands were conquered and the empire expanded
Incan Economy Agriculturepeople grew and created what they neededany left over was collected by the government and stored. Labor tax--Everyone was required to work for the government No trade– the government collected everything produced except for what families needed. Command economyno money, no credit– only small amounts of local bartering.
Graphic organizer Mayan Aztec Inca civilization MAYAAztecInca Political/ Government Structure City-states ruler/king Ceremonial center Surrounding villages Economy/ Economic structure