The American Journal for Preventive Medicine found that people in extreme poverty: Have more chronic illnesses. Have more frequent & severe disease complications. Make greater demands on the health care system.
Approximately 1.2 billion people in the world live in extreme poverty (Less than $1 per day). Poverty creates ill-health because it forces people to live in environments that make them sick because of a lack of: decent shelter, clean water, or adequate sanitation; and they have a shorter life expectancy.
…lack of clean water 1.1 billion people in developing countries have inadequate access to water. 2/3 of people lacking clean water access survive on less than $2 per day. 1/3 of people lacking clean water access survive on less than $1 per day. Close to ½ of people suffering form health problems in developing countries is caused by water & sanitation deficits. 400 million children have no access to safe water. 1.4 million die each year from lack of an access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation.
…Malaria Caused by parasite transmitted through mosquito bites There are 350-500 million reported cases per year. Of these, 100 million die. 90% of reported cases come from Africa. 80% of reported cases are children.
The World Health Organization (WHO) Works with countries to establish pro-poor health policies. Makes recommendations on best practices on poverty around the world. Ensures that the health perspective is reflected in poverty reduction strategies. Provides a database that analyzes each countrys poverty level, challenges in fighting poverty, proposed health strategies, and the mechanisms to monitor progress.
Notables Dr. Michael Geib Dr. Andrew Hamilton Dr. Wesley Van Voorhis Mr. David Floyd Some of the earliest researchers in the U.S. recognized for their work in developing a vaccine for malaria.
Dr. Michael Geib Chemist, University of Washington Cancer researcher who studied parasites causing malaria and sleeping sickness. Isolated the protein that develops malaria in humans. Worked with other researchers, like Dr. Andrew Hamilton of Yale University, to develop experimental malaria vaccine.
Dr. Wes Van Voorhis Professor of Medicine, University of Washington David Floyd, Vice-President of Bristol- Myers, was providing proteins for similar research with parasites with Dr. Van Voorhis. Van Voorhis, joined with these 3 others, received a grant from the Gates Foundation to continue the research. These men won project of the year award in 2002. Their work continues.
*Gates Foundation* www.gatesfoundation.org www.gatesfoundation.org Bill and Melinda Gates team with partners around the world to fund projects to fight poverty and poor health in developing countries. One of their projects is to fund research to fight malaria. The Gates deserve major credit for supporting malaria research.
GlaxcoSmithKline Andrew Whitty, CEO This company markets many vaccines, including RTS,S- a trial vaccine for malaria GSKs work receives lots of money from the Gates Foundation. Company originally made vaccines for U.S. military. RTS,S is the 1 st vaccine ever to be proven effective against a human disease caused by parasites. If trial use shows the drug is safe and effective, the vaccine to be ready for marketing in 2015.
Established in 1999 by a grant from the Gates Foundation. his non-profit organization heads up the program that works closely with GlascoSmithKline in testing the RTS,S vaccine. Their mission is to accelerate the development of malaria vaccines and ensure their availability and accessibility in the developing world. Their vision is to have a world free from malaria. www.malariavaccine.org
For more information, see the following website: www.mmv.org Medicine for Malaria Venture