Presentation on theme: "Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) CANADA Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials (CICIC) at the Council of Ministers of."— Presentation transcript:
Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) CANADA Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials (CICIC) at the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) Yves E Beaudin 2007.01.25
INTRODUCTION - Education in Canada falls under provincial and territorial jurisdiction (10 provinces – 3 territories) - PLAR policies will vary in the provinces and territories - Widely accepted – in universities, colleges, professional regulatory bodies, certification boards, industry, etc.
Role of Governments Research Policy / Frameworks Financial support Guidelines
Universities autonomous organizations with individual governance and discretion in terms of policies responsible for their quality assurance processes set academic standards and develop assessment methods and procedures for accessing formal, non-formal and informal prior learning for admissions or credit purposes.
Policies and Procedures 50 universities with policies and procedures Institutional policies Departmental policies
Personnel Most universities have personnel dedicated to PLAR activities at the institutional or the departmental (faculty) level
Credit transfer and PLAR Credit transfer system used towards a university degree Challenge for Credit towards a specific course Some universities use portfolio assessments and credit challenge to award credit for non-formal and informal learning towards a degree program
Best Practices in Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) PLAR implementation is not standardized. The development of a coordinated prior learning assessment strategy based on current best practices is something that needs further exploration.
Collaborate with other post-secondary institutions to develop clear definitions, standards and assessment practices for PLAR Initiate and support PLAR networks or working groups to create a forum for sharing ideas and conducting research Some institutions would like to:
Increase professional development opportunities by providing access to courses and conferences and promote opportunities for interaction with and among PLAR practitioners. There is an abundance of knowledge and experience in this field. Provide clear reasons for unsuccessful assessments of prior learning and include a clear explanation as to how the individuals qualifications were assessed. Provide unsuccessful applicants the right to appeal. Appeals should not be heard by persons involved in the original decision.
Fees Most have fees associated to PLAR except where base funding is provided Students address the financial strain of the fees required
Other In most cases no distinctive codes are accorded to credits obtained through alternate assessment methods. PLAR participants report having received better pay, benefits, improved career prospects, and as an accompaniment to academic accomplishment, have a better quality of life Women, in particular, have benefited from PLAR
PLAR students have been shown to engage in more continued lifelong learning. They take more courses and are more likely to engage in post diploma studies Recognition is applied to various certificate, diploma, and degree programs
Most PLAR participants indicate that PLAR was valuable, some believe that too much work was involved for the maximum amount of credit that could be received.
Resistance Higher education institutions have been slow to change Institutions cite inadequate funding to train and compensate advisors and assessors and to create tools and resources, administrative procedures, and gap training. For faculty, who already report being overloaded, the additional tasks come with no recognition to them or increase in pay.
The formal education sector is concerned with standards, quality assurance and dealing with the demands placed on the institution
Acceptance of non-formal and informal learning may lead to quality assurance issues Academically, institutions may refuse to recognize transfer credit transcripted as having been obtained through PLAR
Colleges Professional Regulatory Bodies Certification Boards Industry
Canadian Association of Prior Learning Assessment (CAPLA) Canadian Institute for Recognizing Learning (CIRL) Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials