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Lesson 9 Fixing Your Credit.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 9 Fixing Your Credit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 9 Fixing Your Credit

2 Key Terms Bankruptcy Certified Mail Credit History Credit Report
Fair Credit Reporting Act FICO Expansion Score FICO Score Foreclosure Installment Loan Lien

3 How To Build Up a Credit History
Social Security Number Savings Account Open one, and be sure to use your social security number Paycheck Get regular paycheck

4 Credit Report A summary of your financial history, from savings accounts to loans to credit card payments Three main credit reporting agencies Experian Equifax Trans Union Each maintains a credit report on you based on info provided by its clients Businesses sign up with one or several of these agencies (for a fee) to run credit checks on their credit customers They also provide payment info on their credit customers to these agencies

5 Negative reports on a credit report
30+ days late on a payment 60+ days late on a payment 90+ days late on a payment Items sent to a collections agency Business that specializes in collecting debts from “deadbeats” Put pressure on debtor to make payment Normally get paid a percentage of whatever they collect (as opposed to a flat fee) Items “written off” as a bad debt Business has given up on ever getting paid Bankruptcies

6 Get Your Credit Report for Free!
Can have each credit reporting agency send you a copy of your credit report (usually electronically) Can get it once a year for free Notice it is NOT

7 Your Credit Score A.k.a. FICO score Complex formula
Fair, Isaac Corporation (FICO) helped the 3 major credit bureaus (Experian, Equifax, Trans Union) develop the scoring model Complex formula Factors in all info on your credit report

8 Factors in Your Credit Score
Your payment history Payments on credit cards, retail accounts at stores, installment loans, and mortgages (home loans) 35% of total score Amounts of credit available & amounts owed Current balances How much of total available credit is being used 30% of total score

9 Factors in Your Credit Score (cont.)
Length of credit history Longer the better (shows more of a track record) 15% of total score New credit Number of recent inquiries on credit report Number of new credit issued & maximum amounts 10% of total score

10 Factors in Your Credit Score (cont.)
Types of credit Mix of Installment loans Mortgages Retail accounts Credit cards Finance company accounts 10% of total score

11 Additional Factors Education level
Higher education level gets more points Number of years lived in single location Home hopping costs you points Number of years worked for single employer Job hopping costs points Are you a homeowner? Homeowner better than renter Stability = reliability

12 Credit Score Ranges High = 850 Low = 300 General cutoffs
660 or higher = very good credit risk 620 – 659 (average range) = basically good, but may want to check further Below 620 = high risk, probably won’t get better rates (will get higher end of the rate range offered by lender)

13 FICO Expansion Score Like regular FICO score
Based on non-traditional accounts and financial information sources Designed for Young persons New immigrants Others without credit history

14 Why Is Having a Good Credit Score Important?
Will show companies whether or not they should lend to you Will determine what interest rate you will get on any loan Most states allow insurance companies to factor in your credit score when determining insurance rates for auto, life, and property insurance Landlords will check credit scores to determine whether or not to rent to you Utilities (phone, electric, water/sewer, cell phones, etc.) will check it to determine if you need to pay any deposit to get service with them

15 How To Build Up a Better Credit Score
Get a savings account & keep a steady or increasing amount of money Get a debit card at the same bank & use it Keep a safe cushion of money in account so you don’t overdraw the account Get a credit card (if you’re over 18), use it, and Pay it off every month (ideal) Pay as much of the balance off every month Make the monthly minimum payment every month (least desirable) Get a loan (car loan, student loan, etc.) and keep the account in good standing by making all the payments on time and paying it off as soon as possible

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