Presentation on theme: "1 Credit and Debt Management Including Using the Equity in Your Home."— Presentation transcript:
1 Credit and Debt Management Including Using the Equity in Your Home
2 Agenda Understanding Your Credit and Your Credit Score Managing Your Debt Debt Relief Solutions - Putting Your Home Equity to Work
3 Understanding Your Credit and Your Credit Score
4 What is Credit? Credit is an arrangement to receive cash, goods or services now and pay later. Credit is usually referred to as a loan. Types of Credit Revolving Credit (Unsecured Loans) Credit Cards Lines of Credit Installment or Term Loans (Secured and Unsecured) Education Loans Automobile Loans Home Equity Loans Mortgages
5 How to Establish Credit Open a credit card account. Apply for a student loan. Have another person co-sign or guarantee your loan. Ask your local department store, bank or credit union for credit. Apply for a secured credit card. Pay your bills on time.
6 Importance of Credit Having credit and establishing a good credit history are important in order for a person to get approved for certain business or financially-related activities, including: Obtaining other kinds of credit Car loan, mortgage, student loan Telephone Service Insurance Benefits Apartment Rental Employment
7 The Five Cs of Credit When a person is applying for credit, the lender reviews five key factors to determine the credit risk. Credit Character Capacity Capital Collateral
8 Credit Report and Credit Score Your credit report includes Identifying Information Credit History Public Record Information Inquiries A credit score is a numerical representation of a borrowers creditworthiness. It measures the risk of delinquency or default that a borrower represents to a creditor. Credit scores are widely used by lenders to evaluate loan applications.
9 Credit Score Determinants Credit scores are determined by five factors: Payment History35% Amounts Owed30% Length of Credit History15% New Credit10% Credit Mix10%
10 Credit Score Rating Fair Isaac Corporation (FICO) developed the scoring model used by the three credit bureaus. Equifax Experian TransUnion Credit scores generally range between 300 – 850. Higher credit scores are considered better scores. The higher the credit score, the lower the credit risk. Scores increase/decrease depending on your credit activities. Each time you make a payment on time, you acquire more points, thus increasing your score. Each time you make a 30, 60, or 90-day late payment, you lose points, thus decreasing your score.
11 Maintaining Good Credit Scores Do not needlessly open new revolving accounts. Do not needlessly fill out credit card applications. Do not keep your credit cards at or near their maximum limits. Do use your credit occasionally. Pay your bills on time.
12 Credit Report Accuracy It is your responsibility to make sure your credit report is accurate. Contact the agency if you think there is an error. If the matter remains unsolved, provide a letter of explanation to the credit agency that becomes part of your credit report. Review your credit report regularly. Repairing Your Credit History To repair credit on your own: Start by contacting the credit reporting agencies to get a copy of your credit report. If there are errors on your report, you can contact the credit reporting agency to request an investigation.
13 Free Credit Reports Once per calendar year, U.S. consumers can obtain one FREE copy of their Credit Report from each of the three Credit Bureaus. Consumers can order credit reports online or via phone: Annualcreditreport.com, (877) 322-8228 This is the only site that is really FREE!!! Equifax, 1-800-525-6285, www.equifax.com Experian, 1-888-397-3742, www.experian.com TransUnion, 1-800-680-7289, www.transunion.com
15 Leveraging Good Debt Utilizing credit for large scale purchases makes sense! Home Automobiles Education Major medical bills Credit used responsibly and with discipline can help save $$ and stress. Leverage is the key to financial success. SMALL DOWN PAYMENT ACCESS TO A LARGE ASSET BUYING YOUR HOME
16 Buy vs. Rent Comparison 6.00%$83,396$125,094$166,792$208,490$250,187$291,885$333,583 $500$750$1,000$1,250$1,500$1,750$2,000 Current Monthly Rent Payment Hypothetical mortgage payments include principal and interest only. Rates & payments are based upon 20% down payment. PMI required for down payments less than 20%. Possible Mortgage Amount Leveraging Good Debt
17 Debt Becomes A Problem When….. Too many credit opportunities Acquiring multiple credit lines Using debt for staple purchases Lack of budget discipline Minimum payment syndrome You are frequently reaching maximum credit limits You are borrowing to pay current bills Debt becomes a never-ending cycle Cash Flow Crunch!! Cash Flow Crunch + Minimum Payment Syndrome = Disaster
18 More Debt Means Less Money for…. Retirement College expenses Emergency reserves Vacations And so on….
19 Debt Relief Solutions Putting Your Home Equity to Work
20 Prepaying Debt The simplest way to prepay debt is to pay above the minimum. This leads to significant savings over time! Purchases: $2,000 Credit Card Rate: 19.8% = $4,254.01* * If you made the minimum monthly payment each month, it would take approximately 12 years and cost you $4,254.01.
21 Developing a Budget Create a simple general ledger account to track household spending over one or two months. Re-assess your financial situation. Debt-to-Income Ratio (DTI) = Monthly Expenses/Monthly Income Determine where to reduce your expenses. Discipline is the key to staying on track!
22 If You Do Not Own Your Home, Then…. Get an unsecured consolidation loan. Consolidate multiple credit cards to one with 0%. Double your minimum payments to pay off high credit card balances more quickly. Use a vehicle, boat, etc. to get a secured loan to consolidate your debt. If you have education financing needs, use education loans, such as Education One Loans.
23 If You Do Own Your Home, Leverage Your Home Equity Equity is the portion of the homes value owned debt-free. Equity in a home is created by The down payment when the property was purchased. Paying down the mortgage balance. A change in the homes value over time. Use the equity in your home to pay off debts or consolidate high-rate credit cards into one bill and one lower monthly payment! Homes Fair Market Value Principal Balance Remaining on Mortgage Approximate Home Equity = Less
24 Leveraging Your Home Equity Consolidating debt is smart! Save on interest payments 2 Rates may be up to 7 – 10% lower than rates on some credit cards. Save on taxesInterest payments on Home Equity loans are potentially tax deductible 4. Save timeMake a single loan payment instead of multiple payments with different schedules. Payment terms that fit your budget and help manage cash flow. With a Home Equity Loan 2, spread payments over a longer period of time as you choose for a more manageable monthly payment. With a Home Equity Line of Credit, set your own repayment schedule with flexible monthly payments. Or, lock in a portion of your Line of Credit for a fixed monthly payment at a fixed rate 3.
25 Leveraging Your Home Equity *This savings example is based on the following assumptions: a used car payment on a $15,000 loan at 7.74% APR for 3 years; a credit card/store card 4% minimum payment on the outstanding balances; a Chase Home Equity Loan, 2 nd Lien, on $25,000 at 8.60% APR for 3 years. The above chart is for illustrative purposes only and each individuals savings experience may vary. Auto Loan rate from Bankrate.com on 6/05/06. Payment Savings Chart Outstanding Balances Current Payment Chase Payment You SAVE!!! Auto Loan - $8,000$624 Credit Card - $10,000$400 Store Cards - $7,000$280 New Chase Home Equity Loan$790 Total Monthly Payments$1,304$790$514
26 Home Equity Solutions Home Equity Loan A fixed rate and payment loan secured by the available equity in your home. Home Equity Line of Credit A revolving, variable rate line of credit secured by the available equity in your home. Payments are based on the outstanding balance owed. As payments are applied to principal, your available credit increases accordingly.
27 Home Equity Solutions Home Equity products can be used for: Refinancing Debt consolidation Home improvements College education Major purchases Cash access Vacation Safety net for unexpected events/emergencies
28 Home Equity Benefits Save money 2 The interest rate on a Home Equity Loan or Line is generally lower than the interest rate youll pay on some credit cards or other types of unsecured debt. You may be able to deduct the interest you pay. Consult with your tax advisor. Peace of mind / security Avoid using savings account reserves for unexpected events or emergencies. ConvenienceAccess your Home Equity Line of Credit via check, Chase Equiline sm Platinum VISA® 1, at a branch, online, or by phone. FlexibilityLine of Credit permits borrowing at your discretion up to the amount of the credit line. Lock Option 3 Allows you to lock in portion of your outstanding balance on your Home Equity Line of Credit at a fixed rate over a fixed period of time.
29 Chase At Work Home Equity Program Offer Chase at Work offers exclusive banking benefits, including special offers on Home Equity products, to employees enrolled in the program. Receive valuable, money-saving offers on both Home Equity Loans and Lines of Credit! Refer to the Chase at Work Benefits Overview for complete details!