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Unit Six Assignment. Ex. II. Answer the following questions. Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit Six Assignment. Ex. II. Answer the following questions. Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit Six Assignment

2 Ex. II. Answer the following questions. Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Ex. IV. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text. Then put a definition, a substitute word or synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. V. Now add these prefixes to the adjectives listed below to make them negative and then complete the following sentences with some of these words. There are more words than are needed Comprehension of the Text Vocabulary Word Building VI. Now add un-to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and then complete the following sentences with some of the new words. Exercises of Section A

3 Ex. VII. Identify the independent elements in the following sentences, and then translate the sentence into Chinese. Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. Structure Translation Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the – ing participle clause with or without a conjunction. Exercises of Section A Ex. X. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. Essay Summary XI. Choose the best one of the three answers given to fill in each blank Text Structure Analysis XII. Now we look back at the first part of Pra.7. Please make an analysis of your won.

4 Keys to the exercises of unit2, book2 Section A Section A As His Name Is, So Is He! Section B Section B Judge by Appearances Section C Section C The Pain in Wearing High Heels

5 Section A As His Name Is, So Is He!

6 1. Did Debbie like her former name? Why? Or why not? No, she didnt like her former name Debbie, because it didnt suit her good looks and elegant manner, and it made her think she should be a cook. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.

7 3.What did the writer think of Debbies name change? The writer thinks that the name change didnt cause Debbies professional achievement, but it surely helped by adding a bit self-confidence to her talents. 2. According to Debbie, what difference did it make when she substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie? She felt more comfortable with herself and other people started to take her more seriously. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.

8 4. According to the writer, why did one prominent magazine consistently refuse to print Joe in his by-line? The writer thought that, to other people, his name, Joe, made him more qualified to be a baseball player than an art critic. He also suspected that if he were a more refined Arthur or Adrian, the name would have appeared complete. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.

9 5.In Paragraph 5, why was the woman ill at ease? The woman was ill at ease because the man to whom she wanted the writer to introduce her was the same person with whom she once turned down a blind date because of his name. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.

10 6.Why did the writer say that we were all guilty of name stereotyping to some extent? We often project name-based stereotypes on people. For example, one of the writers women friends confessed that while taking charge of a nursery-schools group of four- year-olds, she had their personalities confused because of their names. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.

11 7.How can name-based prejudices affect classroom achievement? 8.According to the writer, what can you do if your name doesnt seem to fit you? One study showed that teachers gave consistently lower grades on essays supposed to have been written by boys with less appealing names than they awarded to the same papers when the writers were given better-sounding names. With some determination, you can change your name. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.

12 1. I have a packed time-table this week. Could you __________ for me at the meeting at the head office? 2. The new project is expected to start early next year; it has won the ________ of the board. substitute approval award reserveapplication confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extentsubstituteprominent Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

13 3. Though you failed in this job interview, you should trust yourself. Its sad that one lacks __________ in himself. 4. He is only 30 years old, but he has become a _________ surgeon in this city. confidence prominent award reserveapplication confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extentsubstituteprominent Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

14 5.Martin Luther King Jr. was ________ the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for advocating the nonviolence policy in the movement for citizen rights. 6.Although you have graduated from the university, a first degree in English does not ________ you to teach English. awarded qualify award reserveapplication confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extentsubstituteprominent Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

15 7. Generosity is really ____________ of Mr. Johnson; he has offered to buy the air tickets to New York for all of us. 8.The unemployed engineer wrote a dozen ____________ for jobs but got nothing. characteristic applications award reserveapplication confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extentsubstituteprominent Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

16 1. Please fill on this form, giving your name, age, and address. Correct form: ________________ Synonym: ___________________ fill out fill in Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

17 2. Since I had given his offer plenty of thought before I accepted it, I feel comfortable on my decision. Correct form: ________________________ Synonym: ___________________________ feel comfortable with feel comfortable about Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

18 3. In order to improve peoples living standard, we should attach first importance on the development of the economy. Correct form:______________________ Synonym:________________________ Translation:_______________________ attach first importance to ······ ······ give greatest attention to Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

19 4. Because we dont want to be too friendly with the Smiths, we politely turned off their invitation. Correct form:_________________________ Synonym:___________________________ turned down rejected; refused Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

20 5. When he noticed my hesitation, he came on me and said: Come on, John. Correct form:_________________________ Definition:___________________________ came up to; came to came near, approached until standing close to _________________ Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

21 6. I dont know whether to accept this new job, and the company is pressing me with a decision. Correct form:_________________________ Definition:___________________________ pressing me for demand insistently from (sb.) Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

22 7. She quarreled with him because he wanted to project his own thoughts and ideas into her. Correct form:_________________________ Definition:____________________________ project…on/onto cause (ones own feelings or thoughts) to be experienced by others ____________________________ Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

23 8. During the summer holiday many relatives came to Shanghai to see the sights. We were stuck by unexpected visitors. Correct form:_________________________ Translation:__________________________ were stuck with Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each onebut he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided.

24 Word Building V. Now add these prefixes to the adjectives listed below to make them negative and then complete the following sentences with some of these words. There are more words than are needed 1 impatient 2 irresponsible 3 inconsistent 4 indirect

25 Word Building V. Now add these prefixes to the adjectives listed below to make them negative and then complete the following sentences with some of these words. There are more words than are needed 5 insensitive 6 improper inappropriate 7 incapable ? 8 irregular

26 Word Building VI. Now add un-to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and then complete the following sentences with some of the new words. 1. unreasonable 24 2 unfolded 3 uncertain 4 uncovered

27 Word Building VI. Now add un-to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and then complete the following sentences with some of the new words. 5 ungrateful ? 6 unloading 7 unlimited 8 undid

28 Naturally, the name change didnt cause Debbie/ Lynnes professional achievement. Apparently, such prejudices can affect classroom achievement as well. Structure Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes.

29 1. Most important, once you set a goal you have to work for it with great determination. Most important; Structure Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes.

30 2. Many students in medical school are, strictly speaking, studying for their parents. strictly speaking; 3. To tell the truth, teachers are also under enormous pressure. To tell the truth; Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes.

31 4. The problem, in other words, lies in society as a whole. in other words; 5. Obviously, television has both advantages and disadvantages. Obviously; Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes.

32 Model: One day, while she was filling out an application form for a publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie. One day, while filling out an application form for a publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie. Structure Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the -ing participle clause with or without a conjunction.

33 1. While I was waiting at the doctors, I read the whole of a short story. While waiting at the doctors, I read the whole of a short story. 2. After you have used the brush, put it in its proper place. After using the brush, put it in its proper place. Structure Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes.

34 3. Before he was in the army, he was an engineer. Before being in the army, he was an engineer. 4. If you work hard, you will succeed. Working hard, you will succeed. Structure Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the -ing participle clause with or without a conjunction.

35 5. If weather permits, the match will be played on Wednesday. Weather permitting, the match will be played on Wednesday. Structure Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the -ing participle clause with or without a conjunction.

36 1. She was very guilty about not having understood/having misunderstood her best friend. misunderstand be very guilty about Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.

37 2., Her good looks and elegant manners are very attractive. elegant manners good looks Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.

38 3., Obviously, he takes it for granted that his educational background and work experience are surely impressive. But actually they are not. obviously educational background work experience take it for granted Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.

39 4. By quoting from a well-known art critic, he tried to add a bit of self-confidence to his talents. art critic add…to quote from Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.

40 5. Every student has his or her characteristic qualities, such as friendliness or reserve, plainness or charm. A teacher should not be prejudiced against any of them. characteristic qualities reserve plainness be prejudiced against Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.

41 Translation Ex. X. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1. … 2 3 4. 5

42 Essay Summary XI. Choose the best one of the three answers given to fill in each blank 1 B 2 A 3 C 4 C 5 B 6 A 7 C 8 C 9 B 10 A 11. A 12. C 13 B 14 C 15. A 16. C 17. B 18. C 19. A 20 C

43 Text Structure Analysis XII. Now we look back at the first part of Pra.7. Please make an analysis of your won. The analysis: A point of view Apparently such prejudices can affect classroom achievement as well. Parts being compared The same papers presented by different names. l Essays apparently written by boys named Elmer and Hubert. I 2. The same papers when the writers names were given as Michael and David. Comparison result Teachers gave consistently lower grades to papers with names such as Elmer and Hubert than to those with names like Michael and David.

44 Section B Judge by Appearances

45 Reading Skills Exercises of Section A EX. XIV. For each of the following paragraphs from reading Passage B, write down the main idea in your own words in the blank space. Comprehension of the Text Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writers opinions (O).

46 Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank. Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. Vocabulary Exercises of Section A

47 EX. XIV. For each of the following paragraphs from reading Passage B, write down the main idea in your own words in the blank space. 1 I want to describe a sociological experiment 2 My friend and I dressed so that no one would recognize us and then went downtown to shop. 3 Our aim was to observe how people responded to the way we looked Note This is the result of their aim As it turned out people turned us off or turned us out on the basis of appearance alone 4 It was prejudice time 5 People judge by appearances.

48 1. A standard criticism of sociological research is that it goes to great lengths to prove what most people with common sense already know. 2. We wore clothing slightly inappropriate for the weather, clean but not ironed, clearly not the styles worn by most visitors to the area. F F Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writers opinions (O):

49 3. Our first stop (after parking our cars near the railroad tracks) was in the bargain store of a local charity, where we politely asked access to a bathroom and were refused. 4. At one establishment we did blow our cover when we ordered French rolls with two special coffees; that may have been too far out of character for bag ladies. O F Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writers opinions (O):

50 5. Just looking poor brings with it prejudice, accompanied by removal of much of the social grace most of us take for granted. 6. Lacking the culturally acceptable symbols of belonging in this setting, we became, to a degree, objects, with less inherent dignity as persons. O O Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writers opinions (O):

51 7. I had just noticed the place and had turned to my companion, saying, Ive never seen this store. Lets go in. She looked at me with alarm: Youre not really going there, are you? 8.Undoubtedly, its a good lesson to learn, maybe especially for sociologists. F O Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writers opinions (O):

52 1. This discovery seems to v the claim that this South American civilization has certain relations with ancient Chinese culture. 2.Without much money in her purse, Mary was not confident enough to enter those e____________ shops while wandering along Huaihai Road. 3.Tom had i the cultural values of the Italians after three years of living in Rome. alidate xclusive nternalized Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank.

53 4.Lacking in communication with other areas, an ancient tradition still p over the whole mountain village. 5.She does not qualify for an interpreter; she has a s knowledge of that foreign language. 6.It is said that every woman has an i love of beauty. revails uperficial nherent Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank.

54 7.Jack was very considerate; he c the news that he had failed in the job interview in order not to make his mother sad. 8.It is common sense that lightning usually a thunder. But can you tell me whether we see lightning first or hear thunder first? oncealed ccompanies Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank.

55 out of boundsout of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 1. The children thought spending their vacation on their uncles farm would be boring, but it at last was found to be the best vacation they had ever had. turned out Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

56 out of boundsout of character be (not) up togo to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 2. Since Michael hasnt even graduated from the junior high school, he is not really capable of that job. is not …up to Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

57 out of boundsout of character be (not) up togo to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 3. The famous actor tried very hard to hide from reporters and photographers so that he wouldnt be embarrassed to answer those sensitive questions. went to great lengths Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

58 out of boundsout of character be (not) up togo to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 4. When we finally arrived at the chemical plant, we found a bulletin that said, This area is forbidden to persons not concerned. out of bounds Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

59 out of boundsout of character be (not) up togo to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 5. Though she said everything was all right, her eyes showed suffering. spoke of Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

60 out of boundsout of character be (not) up togo to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 6. Jack got lost in his way to the beach because he left the right road and took another when he ought to have gone straight on. turned off Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

61 out of boundsout of character be (not) up togo to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 7. When I asked her opinion of marrying a rich man whom one didnt love, the response she gave me was not at all like her behavior that it shocked me. so out of character Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

62 out of boundsout of character be (not) up togo to great lengths judge byturn out have access totake sidesapart fromspeak of turn offact out 8. When arguing about who would win the first place, David never supported one side against the other. took sides Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

63 Section C The Pain in Wearing High Heels

64 Exercises of Section A Reading Skills XVIII.For each of the following paragraphs from reading passage C, write down the main idea in your own words in the plank space. Comprehension of the Text XIX. Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the text.

65 XVIII.For each of the following paragraphs from reading passage C, write down the main idea in your own words in the plank space. 1. Shoes can be dangerous to your feet. 2 The sizing of shoes makes the situation worse. 3 Women wear high heels to satisfy male ideas 4 High heels make a woman look better 5 Women were not buying shoes to please men

66 XIX. Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the text. 1 F ? 2 F 3 T 4 T 5 T

67 XIX. Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the text. 6 F 7 F 8 F


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