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Unit Six Assignment.

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1 Unit Six Assignment

2 Comprehension of the Text
Exercises of Section A Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions. Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Ex. IV. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text. Then put a definition, a substitute word or synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. Word Building V. Now add these prefixes to the adjectives listed below to make them negative and then complete the following sentences with some of these words. There are more words than are needed VI. Now add un-to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and then complete the following sentences with some of the new words.

3 Text Structure Analysis
Exercises of Section A Structure Ex. VII. Identify the independent elements in the following sentences, and then translate the sentence into Chinese. Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the –ing participle clause with or without a conjunction. Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. Ex. X. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. Essay Summary XI . Choose the best one of the three answers given to fill in each blank Text Structure Analysis XII. Now we look back at the first part of Pra.7. Please make an analysis of your won.

4 Keys to the exercises of unit2, book2
Section A As His Name Is, So Is He! Section B Judge by Appearances Section C The Pain in Wearing High Heels

5 Section A As His Name Is, So Is He!

6 Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.
1. Did Debbie like her former name? Why? Or why not? No, she didn’t like her former name Debbie, because it didn’t suit her good looks and elegant manner, and it made her think she should be a cook.

7 Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.
2. According to Debbie, what difference did it make when she substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie? She felt more comfortable with herself and other people started to take her more seriously. 3. What did the writer think of Debbie’s name change? The writer thinks that the name change didn’t cause Debbie’s professional achievement, but it surely helped by adding a bit self-confidence to her talents.

8 Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.
4. According to the writer, why did one prominent magazine consistently refuse to print “Joe” in his by-line? The writer thought that, to other people, his name, Joe, made him more qualified to be a baseball player than an art critic. He also suspected that if he were a more refined Arthur or Adrian, the name would have appeared complete.

9 Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.
5. In Paragraph 5, why was the woman ill at ease? The woman was ill at ease because the man to whom she wanted the writer to introduce her was the same person with whom she once turned down a blind date because of his name.

10 Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.
6. Why did the writer say that we were all guilty of name stereotyping to some extent? We often project name-based stereotypes on people. For example, one of the writer’s women friends confessed that while taking charge of a nursery-school’s group of four-year-olds, she had their personalities confused because of their names.

11 Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions.
7. How can name-based prejudices affect classroom achievement? One study showed that teachers gave consistently lower grades on essays supposed to have been written by boys with less appealing names than they awarded to the same papers when the writers were given better-sounding names. 8. According to the writer, what can you do if your name doesn’t seem to fit you? With some determination, you can change your name.

12 Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below
Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. award reserve application confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extent substitute prominent 1. I have a packed time-table this week. Could you __________ for me at the meeting at the head office? 2. The new project is expected to start early next year; it has won the ________ of the board. substitute approval

13 Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below
Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. award reserve application confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extent substitute prominent 3. Though you failed in this job interview, you should trust yourself. It’s sad that one lacks __________ in himself. 4. He is only 30 years old, but he has become a _________ surgeon in this city. confidence prominent

14 Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below
Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. award reserve application confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extent substitute prominent 5. Martin Luther King Jr. was ________ the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for advocating the nonviolence policy in the movement for citizen rights. 6. Although you have graduated from the university, a first degree in English does not ________ you to teach English. awarded qualify

15 Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below
Vocabulary Ex. III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. award reserve application confess qualify label characteristic confidence approval extent substitute prominent 7. Generosity is really ____________ of Mr. Johnson; he has offered to buy the air tickets to New York for all of us. 8. The unemployed engineer wrote a dozen ____________ for jobs but got nothing. characteristic applications

16 1. Please fill on this form, giving your name, age, and address.
Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 1. Please fill on this form, giving your name, age, and address. Correct form: ________________ Synonym: ___________________ fill out fill in

17 Synonym: ___________________________
Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 2. Since I had given his offer plenty of thought before I accepted it, I feel comfortable on my decision. Correct form: ________________________ Synonym: ___________________________ feel comfortable with feel comfortable about

18 Correct form:______________________ Synonym:________________________
Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 3. In order to improve people’s living standard, we should attach first importance on the development of the economy. Correct form:______________________ Synonym:________________________ Translation:_______________________ attach first importance to give greatest attention to 认为······重要,把······放在第一位

19 Synonym:___________________________
Vocabulary Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 4. Because we don’t want to be too friendly with the Smiths, we politely turned off their invitation. Correct form:_________________________ Synonym:___________________________ turned down rejected; refused

20 Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences
Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 5. When he noticed my hesitation, he came on me and said: “Come on, John.” Correct form:_________________________ Definition:___________________________ came up to; came to came near, approached until standing close to _________________

21 Definition:___________________________
Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 6. I don’t know whether to accept this new job, and the company is pressing me with a decision. Correct form:_________________________ Definition:___________________________ pressing me for demand insistently from (sb.)

22 Definition:____________________________
Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 7. She quarreled with him because he wanted to project his own thoughts and ideas into her. Correct form:_________________________ Definition:____________________________ project…on/onto cause (one’s own feelings or thoughts) to be experienced by others ____________________________

23 Translation:__________________________
Ex. IV. Rescue these sentences! An underachieving student wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one—but he got all the prepositions mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 8. During the summer holiday many relatives came to Shanghai to see the sights. We were stuck by unexpected visitors. Correct form:_________________________ Translation:__________________________ were stuck with 不得不接待,被迫接待

24 Word Building V. Now add these prefixes to the adjectives listed below to make them negative and then complete the following sentences with some of these words. There are more words than are needed 1.impatient 译文:他们都已经失业很久了,而且又都有一大家子人要养活,这就是为什么他们急于找工作和生活保障的原因。 2.irresponsible 译文:既然我知道给这个项目投资有风险,那么如果我不建议公司放弃这个项目,就是我不负责任了。 3.inconsistent 译文:含有矛盾的观点与其他观点交流时是自相矛盾的。 4.indirect 译文:没有直接证据表明他有罪,到目前为止,所有的证据都是间接的。

25 Word Building V. Now add these prefixes to the adjectives listed below to make them negative and then complete the following sentences with some of these words. There are more words than are needed 5.insensitive 译文:她从去年开始就失业了,你在她面前谈加薪的事太欠考虑了。 6.improper/inappropriate 译文:在正式庆典上与谁都开玩笑,这在严肃的场合很不合适。 7.incapable 译文:你认为化学老师怎么样?哦,她没有能力从事真正的教学工作,她太乏味。 8.irregular 译文:这位年轻女士有个很小的孩子要照顾,她不喜欢这种没规律的工作时间。

26 Word Building VI. Now add un-to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and then complete the following sentences with some of the new words. 1. unreasonable 译文:我已经连续工作了24小时,让我再工作一个通宵太不合理了。 2.unfolded 译文:她打开一张大地图,铺在桌子上。 3.uncertain 译文:昨天我和他进行了一番长谈,但还是不确定他的意图。 4.uncovered 译文:经过两个月的调查,警方揭露了一起抢劫银行的阴谋。

27 Word Building VI. Now add un-to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and then complete the following sentences with some of the new words. 5. ungrateful 译文:你为他做了这么多,可他从未表示谢意,你怎能忍受他这种忘恩负义的行为? 6. unloading 译文:那艘英国轮船上周到港,正在港口卸货。 7.unlimited 译文:我们应该节约用油,因为自然资源的供给不是无限的。 8.undid 译文:他们从一月份就一直忙于这项工程,但一场大火却将他们数月的艰苦工作化为乌有。

28 Structure Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes. Naturally, the name change didn’t cause Debbie/ Lynne’s professional achievement. Apparently, such prejudices can affect classroom achievement as well.

29 Most important; 最重要的是,一旦确立了目标,你就要以极大的决心去为之努力。
Structure Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes. 1. Most important, once you set a goal you have to work for it with great determination. Most important; 最重要的是,一旦确立了目标,你就要以极大的决心去为之努力。

30 strictly speaking;从严格意义上来说,许多医学院的学生是在为他们的父母而学习。
Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes. 2. Many students in medical school are, strictly speaking, studying for their parents. strictly speaking;从严格意义上来说,许多医学院的学生是在为他们的父母而学习。 3. To tell the truth, teachers are also under enormous pressure. To tell the truth; 老实说,老师们也有很大压力。

31 4. The problem, in other words, lies in society as a whole.
Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes. 4. The problem, in other words, lies in society as a whole. in other words; 换句话说,问题在于整个社会。 5. Obviously, television has both advantages and disadvantages. Obviously; 显然,电视有优点也有缺点。

32 Structure Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the -ing participle clause with or without a conjunction. Model: One day, while she was filling out an application form for a publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie. →One day, while filling out an application form for a publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie.

33 1. While I was waiting at the doctor’s, I read the
Structure Ex. VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is an independent element of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes. 1. While I was waiting at the doctor’s, I read the whole of a short story. →While waiting at the doctor’s, I read the whole of a short story. 2. After you have used the brush, put it in its proper place. →After using the brush, put it in its proper place.

34 3. Before he was in the army, he was an engineer.
Structure Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the -ing participle clause with or without a conjunction. 3. Before he was in the army, he was an engineer. →Before being in the army, he was an engineer. 4. If you work hard, you will succeed. →Working hard, you will succeed.

35 5. If weather permits, the match will be played on Wednesday.
Structure Ex. VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the -ing participle clause with or without a conjunction. 5. If weather permits, the match will be played on Wednesday. →Weather permitting, the match will be played on Wednesday.

36 Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.
1. 她误解了自己最好的朋友,感到非常内疚。 misunderstand be very guilty about She was very guilty about not having understood/having misunderstood her best friend.

37 Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.
2. 她容貌秀美, 举止优雅,很吸引人。 elegant manners good looks Her good looks and elegant manners are very attractive.

38 Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.
3. 显然,他总以为自己的学历和工作经历肯定会给人深刻的印象, 但实际并非如此。 obviously work experience take it for granted educational background Obviously, he takes it for granted that his educational background and work experience are surely impressive. But actually they are not.

39 Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.
4. 他引用一位著名艺术评论家的话,为自己的绘画才能增加一点自信心。 art critic add…to quote from By quoting from a well-known art critic, he tried to add a bit of self-confidence to his talents.

40 Translation Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English.
5.每个学生都有自己的不同特点,友善或拘谨,长相平平或漂亮妩媚。老师不应该歧视中间任何人。 characteristic qualities reserve be prejudiced against plainness Every student has his or her characteristic qualities, such as friendliness or reserve, plainness or charm. A teacher should not be prejudiced against any of them.

41 Translation Ex. X. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1. 我一停止称自己为黛比,我就对自己感到比较舒坦了…而且其他人也开始更认真地对待我了。 2.不管好或不好,诸如友好或拘谨、相貌平常或漂亮妩媚等品质特征已经和你的名字连在了一起,甚至在其他人见到你这个人之前就已经知道了你的这些品质和特征。 3.名字已成为特定形象的组成部分,任何一个被称为“相貌平常的珍妮”或“普普通通的乔”的人都能证明这一点。 4. 虽然我们中大多数人会认为自己没有这样的偏见看法,但在某种程度上,我们都有对名字产生固定看法的毛病。 5.一个与之配套的研究表明:女孩受同龄人欢迎的程度也与她们的名字受欢迎的程度有关系。虽然对男孩来说这种关系不太明显。

42 1.B 2.A 3.C 4.C 5.B 6.A 7.C 8.C 9.B 10.A
Essay Summary XI . Choose the best one of the three answers given to fill in each blank 1.B 2.A 3.C 4.C 5.B 6.A 7.C 8.C 9.B 10.A 11. A 12. C 13.B 14.C 15. A 16. C 17. B 18. C 19. A 20.C

43 Text Structure Analysis XII. Now we look back at the first part of Pra
Text Structure Analysis XII. Now we look back at the first part of Pra.7. Please make an analysis of your won. The analysis: A point of view:Apparently,such prejudices can affect classroom achievement as well. Parts being compared:The same papers presented by different names. l.Essays apparently written by boys named Elmer and Hubert. I 2. The same papers when the writer’s names were given as Michael and David. Comparison result:Teachers gave consistently lower grades to papers with names such as Elmer and Hubert than to those with names like Michael and David.

44 Section B Judge by Appearances

45 Exercises of Section A Reading Skills EX. XIV. For each of the following paragraphs from reading Passage B, write down the main idea in your own words in the blank space. Comprehension of the Text Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writer’s opinions (O).

46 Exercises of Section A Vocabulary Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank.   Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. 

47 1.I want to describe a sociological experiment.
EX. XIV. For each of the following paragraphs from reading Passage B, write down the main idea in your own words in the blank space. 1.I want to describe a sociological experiment. 2.My friend and I dressed so that no one would recognize us and then went downtown to shop. 3.Our aim was to observe how people responded to the way we looked. Note:This is the result of their aim:As it turned out, people turned us off or turned us out on the basis of appearance alone. 4.It was prejudice time. 5.People judge by appearances.

48 Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writer’s opinions (O): 1. A standard criticism of sociological research is that it goes to great lengths to prove what most people with common sense already know. 2. We wore clothing slightly inappropriate for the weather, clean but not ironed, clearly not the styles worn by most visitors to the area. F F

49 Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writer’s opinions (O): F 3. Our first stop (after parking our cars near the railroad tracks) was in the bargain store of a local charity, where we politely asked access to a bathroom and were refused. 4. At one establishment we did blow our cover when we ordered French rolls with two special coffees; that may have been too far out of character for “bag ladies”. O

50 Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writer’s opinions (O): 5. Just looking poor brings with it prejudice, accompanied by removal of much of the social grace most of us take for granted. 6. Lacking the culturally acceptable symbols of belonging in this setting, we became, to a degree, objects, with less inherent dignity as persons. O O

51 Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements from the text are facts (F) or just the writer’s opinions (O): F 7. I had just noticed the place and had turned to my companion, saying, “I’ve never seen this store. Let’s go in.” She looked at me with alarm: “You’re not really going there, are you?” 8. Undoubtedly, it’s a good lesson to learn, maybe especially for sociologists. O

52 Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank.   1. This discovery seems to v the claim that this South American civilization has certain relations with ancient Chinese culture. 2. Without much money in her purse, Mary was not confident enough to enter those e____________ shops while wandering along Huaihai Road. 3. Tom had i the cultural values of the Italians after three years of living in Rome. alidate xclusive nternalized

53 Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank.   4. Lacking in communication with other areas, an ancient tradition still p over the whole mountain village. 5. She does not qualify for an interpreter; she has a s knowledge of that foreign language. 6. It is said that every woman has an i love of beauty. revails uperficial nherent

54 Ex. XVI. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only one word in each blank.   7. Jack was very considerate; he c the news that he had failed in the job interview in order not to make his mother sad. 8. It is common sense that lightning usually a thunder. But can you tell me whether we see lightning first or hear thunder first? oncealed ccompanies

55 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 1. The children thought spending their vacation on their uncle’s farm would be boring, but it at last was found to be the best vacation they had ever had. turned out

56 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 2. Since Michael hasn’t even graduated from the junior high school, he is not really capable of that job. is not …up to

57 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 3. The famous actor tried very hard to hide from reporters and photographers so that he wouldn’t be embarrassed to answer those sensitive questions. went to great lengths

58 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 4. When we finally arrived at the chemical plant, we found a bulletin that said, “This area is forbidden to persons not concerned.” out of bounds

59 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 5. Though she said everything was all right, her eyes showed suffering. spoke of

60 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 6. Jack got lost in his way to the beach because he left the right road and took another when he ought to have gone straight on. turned off

61 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 7. When I asked her opinion of marrying a rich man whom one didn’t love, the response she gave me was not at all like her behavior that it shocked me. so out of character

62 Ex. XVII. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. out of bounds out of character be (not) up to go to great lengths judge by turn out have access to take sides apart from speak of turn off act out 8. When arguing about who would win the first place, David never supported one side against the other. took sides

63 The Pain in Wearing High Heels
Section C The Pain in Wearing High Heels

64 Comprehension of the Text
Exercises of Section A Reading Skills XVIII.For each of the following paragraphs from reading passage C, write down the main idea in your own words in the plank space. Comprehension of the Text XIX. Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the text.

65 1. Shoes can be dangerous to your feet.
XVIII.For each of the following paragraphs from reading passage C, write down the main idea in your own words in the plank space. 1. Shoes can be dangerous to your feet. 2.The sizing of shoes makes the situation worse. 3.Women wear high heels to satisfy male ideas. 4.High heels make a woman look better. 5.Women were not buying shoes to please men.

66 1.F 当作者对姐姐和妈妈说:“难道你们没 有自己的审美力?”时,是在取笑她们。 2.F 如果你找不到一双合适的鞋,那不是你 的过错。
XIX. Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the text. 1.F 当作者对姐姐和妈妈说:“难道你们没 有自己的审美力?”时,是在取笑她们。 2.F 如果你找不到一双合适的鞋,那不是你 的过错。 3.T 尽管鞋子的尺寸没有变,可网球鞋的普 及确实使女人的脚变大、变宽了。 4.T 根据传统的批评意见,女人穿不合适的 鞋,是因为女人是男人所持观念的奴隶。 5.T 根据课文,男人和女人都很垂涎于女人 穿高跟鞋。 ,

67 6.F 有一种说法,高跟鞋最早是由新奥 尔良州的一位名媛带到美国来的。 7.F 没有一个女人是为了讨好自己生活 中的男人而买高跟鞋的。
XIX. Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the text. 6.F 有一种说法,高跟鞋最早是由新奥 尔良州的一位名媛带到美国来的。 7.F 没有一个女人是为了讨好自己生活 中的男人而买高跟鞋的。 8.F 虽然穿高跟鞋不舒服,而且花高价 买既不理智不实际,但作者还是买了一 双。


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