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V. Exercises 2 EX: II, P. 153 2 EX: VI, P. 155 2 EX: VII, P. 156 2 EX: VIII, P. 156 2 EX: IX, P. 157 2 EX: X, P. 157 2 EX: III, P. 153 2 EX: IV, P. 154.

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Presentation on theme: "V. Exercises 2 EX: II, P. 153 2 EX: VI, P. 155 2 EX: VII, P. 156 2 EX: VIII, P. 156 2 EX: IX, P. 157 2 EX: X, P. 157 2 EX: III, P. 153 2 EX: IV, P. 154."— Presentation transcript:

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2 V. Exercises 2 EX: II, P EX: VI, P EX: VII, P EX: VIII, P EX: IX, P EX: X, P EX: III, P EX: IV, P EX: V, P. 154 Comprehension Vocabulary Word Building Structure Translation

3 V. Exercises Comprehension Back 1. Did Debbie like her former name? Why? Or why not? No, she didnt like her former name Debbie, because it didnt suit her good looks and elegant manner, and it made her think she should be a cook. Ex. II, p : Ex. II, p. 153 II. Answer the following questions.

4 V. Exercises Comprehension She felt more comfortable with herself and other people started to take her more seriously. 2. According to Debbie, what difference did it make when she substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie? Back

5 V. Exercises Comprehension The writer thinks that the name change didnt cause Debbies professional achievement, but it surely helped by adding a bit of self-confidence to her talents. 3. What did the writer think of Debbies name change? Back

6 V. Exercises Comprehension 4. According to the writer, why did one prominent magazine consistently refuse to print Joe in his by-line? The writer thought that, to other people, his name, Joe, made him more qualified to be a baseball player than an art critic. He also suspected that if he were a more refined Arthur or Adrian, the name would have appeared complete. Back

7 V. Exercises Comprehension 5. In Paragraph 5, why was the woman ill at ease? The woman was ill at ease because the man to whom she wanted the writer to introduce her was the same person with whom she once turned down a blind date because of his name. Back

8 V. Exercises Comprehension 6. Why did the writer say that we were all guilty of name stereotyping to some extent? We often project name-based stereotypes on people. For example, one of the writers women friends confessed that while taking charge of a nursery-schools group of four- year-olds, she had their personalities confused because of their names. Back

9 V. Exercises Comprehension 7. How can name-based prejudices affect classroom achievement? One study showed that teachers gave consistently lower grades on essays supposed to have been written by boys with less appealing names than they awarded to the same papers when the writers were given better-sounding names. Back

10 V. Exercises Comprehension 8. According to the writer, what can you do if your name doesnt seem to fit you? With some determination, you can change your name. Back

11 V. Exercises Vocabulary Ex. III, p : Ex. III, p. 153 III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. characteristi c confessapplicatio n substitute confidencequalifyreserveapproval prominentextentlabelaward 1. I have a packed time-table this week. Could you _________ for me at the meeting at the head office? substitute Back

12 V. Exercises Vocabulary approval 2. The new project is expected to start early next year; it has won the ________ of the board. 3. Though you failed in this job interview, you should trust yourself. Its sad that one lacks _________ in himself. confidence characteristi c confessapplicatio n substitute confidencequalifyreserveapproval prominentextentlabelaward Back

13 V. Exercises Vocabulary prominent 4. He is only 30 years old, but he has become a __________ surgeon in this city. 5. Martin Luther King Jr. was ________ the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for advocating the nonviolence policy in the movement for citizen rights. awarded characteristi c confessapplicatio n substitute confidencequalifyreserveapproval prominentextentlabelaward Back

14 V. Exercises Vocabulary qualify 6. Although you have graduated from the university, a first degree in English does not _______ you to teach English. 7. Generosity is really ____________ of Mr. Johnson; he has offered to buy the air tickets to New York for all of us. characteristic confessapplicatio n substitute confidencequalifyreserveapproval prominentextentlabelaward Back

15 V. Exercises Vocabulary applications 8. The unemployed engineer wrote a dozen ___________ for jobs but got nothing. characteristi c confessapplicatio n substitute confidencequalifyreserveapproval prominentextentlabelaward Back

16 V. Exercises Vocabulary Ex. IV, p : Ex. IV, p. 154 IV. Save these sentences! Some students try to use an expression from the textbut they have got all the prepositions or adverbs mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text. Then put a definition, a substitute word or synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. Back

17 V. Exercises Vocabulary 1. Please fill on this form, giving your name, age, and address. Correct form:fill out fill inSynonym : 2. Since I had given his offer plenty of thought before I accepted it, I feel comfortable on my decision. Correct form:feel comfortable with feel comfortable about Synonym : Back

18 V. Exercises Vocabulary 3. In order to improve peoples living standard, we should attach first importance on the development of the economy. Correct form:attach first importance to; …… …… Translation : 4. Because we dont want to be too friendly with the Smiths, we politely turned off their invitation. Correct form: turned down rejected, refused Synonym : Back

19 V. Exercises Vocabulary 5. When he noticed my hesitation, he came on me and said: Come on, John. Correct form:came up to/came to came near, approached until standing close to Definition : 6. I dont know whether to accept this new job, and the company is pressing me with a decision. Correct form: pressing me for demand insistently from (sb.) Definition : Back

20 V. Exercises Vocabulary 7. She quarreled with him because he wanted to project his own thoughts and ideas into her. Correct form:project… on/onto cause (ones own feelings or thoughts) to be experienced by others Definition : Back

21 V. Exercises Vocabulary 8. During the summer holiday many relatives came to Shanghai to see the sights. We were stuck by unexpected visitors. Correct form:were stuck with Translation: Back

22 V. Exercises Word Building V. The prefixes in-, im-, il- and ir- are added to adjectives to make them negative in meaning. For example, Ex. V, p : Ex. V, p. 154 in- + complete incomplete: not complete ir- + responsible irresponsible: not responsible Now add these prefixes to the adjectives listed below to make them negative and then complete the following sentences with some of these words. There are more words than are needed. Back

23 V. Exercises Word Building sensitivepoliteappropriat e consistent directlogicalregularpatient capablepropercorrectresponsibl e 1. They have been out of job for too long and they each have a large family to support. That explains why they are so _________ for jobs and security. impatient Back

24 V. Exercises Word Building sensitivepoliteappropriat e consistent directlogicalregularpatient capablepropercorrectresponsibl e 2. Since I know that to use money in the project will be a risk, it would be ___________ of me not to advise my company to give up the project. irresponsible Back

25 V. Exercises Word Building sensitivepoliteappropriat e consistent directlogicalregularpatient capablepropercorrectresponsibl e 3. An exchange of views which contains contradictions is ___________. inconsistent 4. There is nothing direct to show that he is guilty of the crime. So far all the evidence is only _______. indirect Back

26 V. Exercises Word Building sensitivepoliteappropriat e consistent directlogicalregularpatient capablepropercorrectresponsibl e 5. It was very __________ of you to tell her about your pay raise when she has been unemployed since last year. insensitive 6. Joking with everyone at this official celebration is ______________________ behavior for such a serious occasion. improper/inappropriate Back

27 V. Exercises Word Building sensitivepoliteappropriat e consistent directlogicalregularpatient capablepropercorrectresponsibl e 7. What do you think of your chemistry instructor? Oh, shes _________ of doing any real teaching and shes so boring. incapable Back

28 V. Exercises Word Building sensitivepoliteappropriat e consistent directlogicalregularpatient capablepropercorrectresponsibl e 8. The young woman has a very little child to look after and she does not like such ________ working hours. irregular Back

29 un- + dress undress: do the opposite of dressing, take off clothes un- + tie untie: do the opposite of tying, undo the tie V. Exercises Word Building Ex. VI, p : Ex. VI, p. 155 VI.The prefix un- is added to adjectives to make them negative in meaning. For example, un- + wise unwise: not wise un- + forgettable unforgettable: not forgettable The prefix can also be added to verbs to mean the opposite of [verb]. For example, Back

30 1. I have been working without any break for 24 hours. It is ____________ to expect me to work all night again today. V. Exercises Word Building unreasonable Now add un- to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and then complete the following sentences with some of the new words. tidyreasonablefoldlimited loadfashionablecovernoticeable dorecognizabl e gratefulcertain Back

31 V. Exercises Word Building 2. She ________ a large map and spread it on the table. unfolded tidyreasonablefoldlimited loadfashionablecovernoticeable dorecognizabl e gratefulcertain 3. I had a long talk with him yesterday, but Im still _________ about his intentions. uncertain Back

32 V. Exercises Word Building 4. After a two-month enquiry, the police have _________ a plot to rob the bank. uncovered 5. You have done so much for him, but he never expresses any thanks. How could you put up with such __________ behavior? ungrateful tidyreasonablefoldlimited loadfashionablecovernoticeable dorecognizabl e gratefulcertain Back

33 V. Exercises Word Building 6. The British ship arrived at the port last week and is _________ its contents in the harbor now. unloading tidyreasonablefoldlimited loadfashionablecovernoticeable dorecognizabl e gratefulcertain 7. We should economize on oil, because the supply of a natural resource is never _________. unlimited Back

34 V. Exercises Word Building 8. They had been working on the project since January, but a terrible fire last week _____ months of hard work. undid tidyreasonablefoldlimited loadfashionablecovernoticeable dorecognizabl e gratefulcertain Back

35 V. Exercises Structure Ex. VII, p : Ex. VII, p. 156 VII. The underlined part in each of the examples below is independent of the other parts of the sentence in terms of grammar. Independent elements are often set off by commas or dashes. Naturally, the name change didnt cause Debbie/Lynnes professional achievement. Apparently, such prejudices can affect classroom achievement as well. Back

36 V. Exercises Structure 1. Most important, once you set a goal you have to work for it with great determination. Identify the independent elements in the following sentences, and then translate the sentences into Chinese. Back

37 V. Exercises Structure 3. To tell the truth, teachers are also under enormous pressure. 2. Many students in medical school are, strictly speaking, studying for their parents. Back

38 V. Exercises Structure 5. Obviously, television has both advantages and disadvantages. 4. The problem, in other words, lies in society as a whole. Back

39 Model: One day, while she was filling out an application form for a publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie. V. Exercises Structure VIII. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences with the –ing participle clause with a conjunction or without a conjunction. Ex. VIII, p : Ex. VIII, p. 156 One day, while filling out an application form for a publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie. Back

40 V. Exercises Structure 1. While I was waiting at the doctors, I read the whole of a short story. While waiting at the doctors, I read the whole of a short story. 2. After you have used the brush, put it in its proper place. After using the brush, put it in its proper place. Back

41 V. Exercises Structure 3. Before he was in the army, he was an engineer. Before being in the army, he was an engineer. 4. If you work hard, you will succeed. Working hard, you will succeed. 5. If weather permits, the match will be played on Wednesday. Weather permitting, the match will be played on Wednesday. Back

42 V. Exercises Translation Ex. IX, p : Ex. IX, p. 157 IX. Translate the following into English. She was very guilty about having misunderstood her best friend. 1. misunderstand be/feel very guilty about doing sth. Back

43 V. Exercises Translation Her good looks and elegant manners are very attractive. 2. good looks elegant manners Back

44 V. Exercises Translation Obviously, he takes it for granted that his educational background and work experience are surely impressive. But actually they are not. 3. take it for granted that… educational background and work experience Back

45 V. Exercises Translation By quoting from a well-known art critic, he tried to add a bit of self-confidence to his talents. 4. add a bit of self- confidence to by quoting from a well-known art critic Back

46 V. Exercises Translation Every student has his or her characteristic qualities, such as friendliness or reserve, plainness or charm. A teacher should not be prejudiced against any of them plainness or charm friendliness or reserve be prejudiced against Back

47 V. Exercises Translation ······ 1. As soon as I stopped calling myself Debbie, I felt more comfortable with myself…and other people started to take me more seriously. X. Translate the following into Chinese. Ex. X, p : Ex. X, p. 157 Back

48 2. For better or worse, qualities such as friendliness or reserve, plainness or charm may be suggested by your name and conveyed to other people before they even meet you. V. Exercises Translation Back

49 , 3. Names become attached to specific images, as anyone whos been called a plain Jane or just an average Joe can show. V. Exercises Translation Back

50 4. Though most of us would like to think ourselves free from such prejudiced notions, were all guilty of name stereotyping to some extent. V. Exercises Translation Back

51 5. A companion study showed girls popularity with their peers was also related to the popularity of their namesalthough the connection was less clear for boys. V. Exercises Translation Back


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