5Question of the WeekHow can unexpected encounters reveal hidden dangers.Daily QuestionsWhy were people so fascinated by the Hindenburg when it was created?Do you think air travel would be different today if the Hindenburg hadn’t exploded?Where might you find reliable information about the Hindenburg explosion?
6Activate Prior Knowledge Compare means of transportation in the past and today.Transportation in the PastTransportation TodaySteamer shipsTrains fueled by coalHorse and buggyJet airplanesHigh-speed trainsSpace shuttle
7Fact and OpinionStatements of fact are objective, not personal. They can be proved true or false. Statements of opinion are personal judgments or beliefs. They cannot be proved true or false.Statements of opinion can be valid or faulty. Valid statements can be supported by facts and common sense. Faulty statements cannot.Examine statements of opinion by using your prior knowledge. Based on what you have seen or read or what you know, ask, Is the statement valid or faulty?Statement of OpinionSupportValid or Faulty?
8Ask QuestionsActive readers ask questions before, during, and after reading. Asking and answering questions can help you recall important ideas and decide whether opinions are valid or faulty.
10Write:Read “How Blimps Are Used.” Make a graphic organizer like the one above to keep track of statements of opinion.Use your graphic organizer to help you write an answer to one of your questions about blimps.
14Introduce Vocabulary Word Meaning Sentence The police officer is criticizing the driver for speeding.CriticizingBlamingTraveled at a steady speedThe car cruised along the highway.CruisedDrenchingSoaking wetThe drenching rain caused a flood.Dinosaurs roamed the Earth in the prehistoric era.Period of timeEraExplosionHydrogen
19ExplosionAct of bursting with a loud noise; a blowing up
20HydrogenA colorless, odorless gas that burns easily
21More Words to KnowDirigible: An airship made with a rigid framework. It is filled with gas that is lighter than air.Newsreels: Short news stories for a movie audienceTransatlantic: Crossing the Atlantic Ocean
22Vocabulary Strategy Context Clues As you read, you may see a word you do not know. Often the author has given clues to help you figure out the meaning of an unknown word. Check the words and sentences around the unknown word for these clues.Reread the sentence where the unknown word appears.Is there a specific clue to the word’s meaning?For more help, read the sentences around the sentence with the unknown word. Look for words or phrases that suggest a reasonable meaning.Try the meaning in the sentence with the unknown word. Does it make sense?As you read “The Birth of the Automobile,” use the context to help you figure out the meanings of unfamiliar words.
25Genre: Expository Nonfiction Expository nonfiction explains what certain things are and how and why they came to be. As you read, notice how the author explains the origins of the Hindenburg – and its disastrous end.
26Could a tiny spark lead to a gigantic explosion?
27Preview and PredictPreview the selection title and illustration. Predict what kind of disaster is going to take place. Use you lesson vocabulary in your discussion.
28Guided ComprehensionThe first sentence says the first dirigible was successfully flown in Germany in Is that a statement of fact or opinion? How do you know?Describe the construction of the first dirigible.Use context clues to find the meaning of criticizing on p. 708, paragraph 3.The zeppelin was a giant technological feat of the early 1900s. Compare and contrast it with the modern day space shuttle.Describe the interior of the Hindenburg. Use details from the selection to support your description.What is the main idea of p. 710, paragraph 3? Provide a supporting detail.Identify one statement of fact and one statement of opinion from p. 712, paragraph 1.Why did the steward take away the toy truck from the young passenger?Write a question that you hope will be answered on the next page.
29Guided Comprehension Continued Why do you think it took only thirty-two seconds for the Hindenburg to burn?Which part of this sentence, “Amazingly, of the ninety-seven people on board, sixty-seven survived the explosion: is an opinion and which is a fact?How did Werner Franz survive the crash of the Hindenburg?What is the main idea of p. 716?Why do you think the era of zeppelins came to an end?Are the “Did you know?” features on pp facts or opinions? How do you know?Ask a question about the Hindenburg that is not answered on ppDoes Hugo Eckener remind you of any other inventors you’ve read about?
35Main IdeaThe Main idea of a paragraph or selection is the most important idea about the topic.The main idea is not always stated directly. You may need to use details from the text to find the main idea.“The main idea is not stated directly, but the details about people filling rooftops, windowsills, and streets, cheering as the zeppelin flew overhead, tell me that Americans were excited to see the zeppelin. This must be the main idea.”Identify the main idea for the last three paragraphs on pp
37ForeshadowingForeshadowing is a technique used to provide hints or clues about what will happen later in a selection.Foreshadowing may help create suspense or a sense of the inevitable.Foreshadowing can help make stories predictable.The foreshadowing of the Hindenburg disaster through the discussion of safety hazards on p. 708.Reread pp and write a list of specific examples of foreshadowing about the disaster that was about to take place.
38COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS SUMMARYTrain Wreck! recounts the dangers involved in the early years of American train travel. This nonfiction readerprovides information on some famous railroad accidents of the 1800s and how improvements in technology have made train travel safer.COMPREHENSION QUESTIONSPAGE 5 Name one opinion found on this page. How do you know it’s the author’s opinion?PAGE 10 Give an example of a generalization that the author makes.PAGE 17 What question do you have after reading this page? Where could you look for an answer?PAGE 18 Look at the sentence, “Jones died in a heroic effort to stop his train.” Is this a fact or an opinion? Explain your answer.
41COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS SUMMARYThis reader gives a history of transatlantic flight, beginning with the 1919 crossing by a military plane. From there, the era of zeppelins and Lindbergh’s famous flight to Paris were not far behind.COMPREHENSION QUESTIONSPAGE 3 Identify one statement of opinion on this page.PAGE 13 Is the sentence “Both men climbed out, unhurt” a statement of fact or of opinion?PAGE 22 Look at the last sentence on the page. Rewrite this sentence using a synonym for drenching.PAGE 23 What does the fact that Lindbergh couldn’t sleep the night before take-off add to this account?
44COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS SUMMARYJoin the García family, 21st century travelers, as they take a plane from Chicago to Denver. Grandma reflects on how—from ticketing to checking in to inflightentertainment—flying has come a longway. This book talks about the future of commercial space flight as well.COMPREHENSION QUESTIONSPAGE 3 How did the Wright brothers reward Charley Furnas? What did they reward him for?PAGE 6 What are e-tickets?PAGE 10 What is one way commercial air travel today is different from earlier times?PAGE 13 In addition to monitoring the electronic tracking system, what do air traffic controllers do before giving the final clearance to land?PAGE 20 “Computers will likely play an even bigger role in future air travel.” Is this a statement of fact or of opinion? Explain.
47Genre: Evaluating Sources You can find information fast on the Internet, but only some of it will be reliable and useful.On government and reference Web sites, such as NASA and Fact Monster, you’ll find facts you can rely on.Text Features:The addresses of these reliable Web sites often end in .gov, .edu, or .org.Web sites that end in other ways, such as .com or .net, may be reliable. Use what you know and other sources.
48What does the ending .gov in a Web address tell you about the site? Why is it important to find a reliable Web site when looking for information?Why are facts 2, 3 and 4 not useful?Do the authors use facts in exciting ways?