Read these questions before listening and discuss them in pairs. 1. What functions are already included on a mobile phone? 2. Which ones do you find useful? 3. What else do you expect a mobile phone to do for you?
a mobile that think a mobile that spends your money a mobile that can teach you English a mobile that plans your holiday Listen to the tape and tick the descriptions you have heard.
a mobile that does videotaping a mobile that is a computer a mobile that wakes you up a mobile that orders your food
Listen to the tape again and answer these questions. 1.Which mobile does Ruth think she will buy and why? Ruth wants to buy the mobile that turns itself on when it receives important calls. She missed three yesterday when her mobile was switched/turned off.
2. What extra applications do mobiles have now? Mobiles can videotape and act as a computer now.
3. What extra applications will they have with the 3G mobiles? They will be able to plan holidays, book air tickets, hotel and an appropriate place to stay. They will authorize paying for them too.
4. Why is Ruth worried? Ruth is worried because it might spend her money. 5. What advantages do the 3G mobiles offer? The advantages are that they help people who are busy at work to order goods at the cheapest price or book holidays, air tickets, etc.
6. What do you think might go wrong? The mobile may spend money unwisely or spend more than a person can afford. You may forget the spending and not include it in your accounts or your personal income.
Listening Task on Page 67 Listen to the tape and decide if you agree with the people on the tape. What do you think it was? Before you listen to the tape, get to know some new words in the listening text. tent roundabout caravan metal guidebook
Listen to the tape again and fill in the chart below with the ideas of the two girls and then make your own suggestions.
The girls suggestions Reasons for Reasons against 1. a roundabouthas four wheels and a floor wheels go forwards and backwards, not round and round
The girls suggestions Reasons for Reasons against 2. 3. can move, big enough to carry a family no room to sleep in it, not easy to park at night the appearance made of metal and not cloth a caravan a tent
I think Leonardo designed an ________ because __________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ _____________________ early car the picture seems to show a vehicle that can move backwards and forwards, has four wheels and can take people for a ride. It does not have beds or room for beds, so it cannot be a caravan. It is made of metal, so it cannot be a tent. It does not go round and round, so it cannot be a roundabout.
Look at these Chinese inventions and in pairs discuss what you know about them.
Think about what they were used for and when they were invented. Collect the information by doing some research. Fill in the chart and prepare to talk about one of the inventions to the class.
What was its possible use? Why? When and where did it appear in Europe? 1 An abacus is used to calculate mathematical problems including equations. It is more efficient than using the brain alone. It was never used in the West, but it is closest in function to a modern personal calculator.
What was its possible use? Why? When and where did it appear in Europe? 2 The printing press was used to print messages from the Emperor to the people. It helped the efficiency of government. Gutenburg (1398- 1468) began to print books on his press about 1450 AD in Germany.
What was its possible use? Why? When and where did it appear in Europe? 3 The south pointer was used to find the most harmonious position to place new buildings. It seems possible that it dates back to the Qin Dynasty. It was the first application of magnetism in peoples lives. The navigational compass appeared in Europe in the 12th or 13th centuries. This is similar to the time when Zheng He used it on his voyages to Africa.
You have been asked to write an entry for an encyclopedia about one of these three Chinese inventions. Choose one and prepare to write your report. You will include a photograph or drawing, but you must explain some important points in your report: Writing
a description of the object what it was used for how it was used when it was invented
The abacus was originally of wood. It is a rectangular shape with beads strung on it. The shape is unevenly divided so that there are more beads in one part than the other. To use an abacus you need to take lessons. The smaller part with fewer
Beads represents the higher numbers and the larger part with more beads represents the smaller numbers. By manipulating these beads you can do a series of different calculations. An abacus can be used to add figures quickly or do a series of complicated
Mathematical problems. People who are skilled with it can work as fast as a person using a modern calculator. The abacus was in general use from earliest times in China. It is not known whether one person or a group of people invented it.
But its value for computation is invaluable. It is one of the few Chinese inventions that was not adopted by the West.