Presentation on theme: "Unit 1: Canada’s Government - Who is who in government Ms. Pannell"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 1: Canada’s Government - Who is who in government Ms. Pannell CHV20Unit 1: Canada’s Government - Who is who in governmentMs. Pannell
2Canada Municipal - Ottawa Federal Provincial - Ontario Municipal GovernmentCity HallMayor – Jim WatsonCity CouncillorsFederal GovernmentOttawaParliament SenateHouse of CommonsPrime Minister Stephen HarperMP Members of ParliamentProvincial GovernmentTorontoLegislaturePremier - Dalton McGuintyMPP Members of ProvincialParliament
3The Layout of Government Federal GovernmentEXECUTIVEThe CabinetLEGISLATURE(parliament)JUDICIARYHouse of Commons (elected)Lower houseSenateAppointedUpper houseGovernor GeneralOr QueenCourtsPrimeMinisterCabinet MinistersRole: To make laws and regulations in CanadaRole: Carry out and enforcing lawsRole: Interpreting and deciding what the actual laws and regulations mean
4Monarch / Queen Head of Canadian Government In theory holds all the powerIn reality, has noneRewardsMoneyTravelrespect
5Monarch Continued Two viewpoints: The queen is a useless relic of the colonial pastDoesn’t reflect Canada’s multicultural natureOrPersonifies the state and symbolizes the rule of lawHumanizes authority, symbol of hopeReflectWhich viewpoint do you agree with more? Do you think Canada should continue having a Queen?
6Governor General Appointed by the Queen Chosen by the Prime Minister Represents the QueenSigns all bills into law (Royal Assent)David Johnson – 0ct 2010
7GG continued Ceremonial role Celebrates national identity and unity Welcomes foreign dignitariesAppoints the prime ministerGives awards (e.g. Order of Canada)Reads the Speech from the Throne at the start of Parliament
8GG continued Rewards Salary of $119,236 Travel across Canada and the worldFree house (Rideau Hall)5 year term
9Lieutenant-Governor Provinces Represents Queen in ProvincesOntario - David C. OnleyAppointed by the Governor General on theChosen by the Prime MinisterDoes the same as Governor General but for a province
10Lieutenant-Governor (said left-tenant) Rewards:Salary of $ and a title – Your Honour5 year termReflectIs a Lieutenant-Governor necessary? Why or why not?
11Prime Minister Appointed by the Governor-General An MP – voted for in his ridingIs the leader of the party with the most seats in the House of CommonsHolds real power in Canada
12Prime Minister continued Is really the bossChooses cabinet ministers (MPs with specific jobs)Chooses the Governor General, Lieutenant Governors, Supreme Court Justices…
13Prime Minister continued John A. MacDonald confederated CanadaLaurier settled the WestMackenzie King introduced social welfarePierre Trudeau introduced multiculturalism and bilingualismMulroney introduced the GST
14Prime Minister continued Rewards:Travel and expense accountFree house - 24 Sussex Dr.Salary of $ per yearAll the power and responsibilityReflect:Does the Prime Minister have too much power? Explain.
15Two Chambers - Parliament Senate – Upper houseSenators are appointed by the Prime MinisterHouse of Commons – Lower houseMembers of Parliament are voted for
16Senators Appointed by the Governor General Chosen by the of the Prime MinisterMust retire at 75 (used to be appointed for life)Pass bills made in the House of Commons$ annual salary plus 64 first class round trip air tickets for anywhere in Canada
17Senate continued The Senate was created for three reasons: To allow the rich and powerful a final say on the lawsMust own $4000 worth of landAppointed officials have no conflicts of interestNo worry about losing an election by being right but unpopularTo represent regional interests better than the House of Commons
18Senate continued 105 Senators represent Canada’s regions 24 from each of Ontario and Quebec10 each from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick6 from Newfoundland4 from PEI6 each from the Western Provinces1 from each of the territories
19Members of Parliament - MPs 308 members elected by the residents of a riding or constituency (area where they live)Ridings are made of approximately residents / peopleOntario and Quebec hold 60% of the seats in the House
20Members of Parliament continued Represent their party and their constituentsVote with their party on lawsPass lawsCan have additional jobs e.g. minister, leader of the opposition, critic, speaker, whip, etc.
21Members of Parliament continued RewardsAnnual salary of $ plus 64 first class round trip air tickets for anywhere in CanadaPersonal satisfaction of serving their countryReflect:Do MPs get paid enough or too much? Explain.
22Premier – head of Provincial Government Appointed by the Lieutenant Governor of a provinceMPPThe leader of the party with the most seats in the Provincial Parliament (or legislature)Same responsibilities as the Prime Minister, but for the province
23Members of Provincial Parliament Represent their party and people at the provincial level of governmentOur MPP – Yasir Naqvi (Liberal)Salary (2009) $133,217.04
24Premier continued Rewards Reflect: $ salary plus expense accountReflect:Why would someone choose to run for provincial politics instead of national politics?
25Mayor and City Councillors Municipal GovernmentMayor elected directly by the peopleCouncillors and mayor do not represent a political party
26Municipal Government continued Ottawa MayorJim Watson2010Rewards$ a year for mayor of Ottawa$ for city councillorsDirect impact on the lives of your neighboursKatherine HobbsWard 15KitchissippiDiane HolmesWard 14SomersetDavid ChernushenkoWard 17Capital