Presentation on theme: "CHV20 Unit 1: Canadas Government - Who is who in government Ms. Pannell."— Presentation transcript:
CHV20 Unit 1: Canadas Government - Who is who in government Ms. Pannell
Canada Federal Government Ottawa Parliament Senate House of Commons Prime Minister Stephen Harper MP Members of Parliament Federal Provincial - Ontario Provincial Government Toronto Legislature Premier - Dalton McGuinty MPP Members of Provincial Parliament Municipal - Ottawa Municipal Government City Hall Mayor – Jim Watson City Councillors
The Layout of Government Cabinet Ministers Role: To make laws and regulations in Canada Role: Carry out and enforcing laws Role: Interpreting and deciding what the actual laws and regulations mean Federal Government EXECUTIVE The Cabinet LEGISLATURE (parliament) JUDICIARY House of Commons (elected) Lower house Senate Appointed Upper house Governor General Or Queen Courts Prime Minister
Monarch / Queen Head of Canadian Government In theory holds all the power In reality, has none Rewards Money Travel respect
Monarch Continued Two viewpoints: The queen is a useless relic of the colonial past Doesnt reflect Canadas multicultural nature Or Personifies the state and symbolizes the rule of law Humanizes authority, symbol of hope Reflect Which viewpoint do you agree with more? Do you think Canada should continue having a Queen?
Governor General Appointed by the Queen Chosen by the Prime Minister Represents the Queen Signs all bills into law (Royal Assent) David Johnson – 0ct 2010
GG continued Ceremonial role Celebrates national identity and unity Welcomes foreign dignitaries Appoints the prime minister Gives awards (e.g. Order of Canada) Reads the Speech from the Throne at the start of Parliament
GG continued Rewards Salary of $119,236 Travel across Canada and the world Free house (Rideau Hall) 5 year term
Lieutenant-Governor Provinces Represents Queen in Provinces Ontario - David C. Onley Appointed by the Governor General on the Chosen by the Prime Minister Does the same as Governor General but for a province
Lieutenant-Governor (said left-tenant) Rewards: Salary of $ and a title – Your Honour 5 year term Reflect Is a Lieutenant-Governor necessary? Why or why not?
Prime Minister Appointed by the Governor-General An MP – voted for in his riding Is the leader of the party with the most seats in the House of Commons Holds real power in Canada
Prime Minister continued Is really the boss Chooses cabinet ministers (MPs with specific jobs) Chooses the Governor General, Lieutenant Governors, Supreme Court Justices…
Prime Minister continued John A. MacDonald confederated Canada Laurier settled the West Mackenzie King introduced social welfare Pierre Trudeau introduced multiculturalism and bilingualism Mulroney introduced the GST
Prime Minister continued Rewards: Travel and expense account Free house - 24 Sussex Dr. Salary of $ per year All the power and responsibility Reflect: Does the Prime Minister have too much power? Explain.
Two Chambers - Parliament Senate – Upper house Senators are appointed by the Prime Minister House of Commons – Lower house Members of Parliament are voted for
Senators Appointed by the Governor General Chosen by the of the Prime Minister Must retire at 75 (used to be appointed for life) Pass bills made in the House of Commons $ annual salary plus 64 first class round trip air tickets for anywhere in Canada
Senate continued The Senate was created for three reasons: 1. To allow the rich and powerful a final say on the laws Must own $4000 worth of land 2. Appointed officials have no conflicts of interest No worry about losing an election by being right but unpopular 3. To represent regional interests better than the House of Commons
Senate continued 105 Senators represent Canadas regions 24 from each of Ontario and Quebec 10 each from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick 6 from Newfoundland 4 from PEI 6 each from the Western Provinces 1 from each of the territories
Members of Parliament - MPs 308 members elected by the residents of a riding or constituency (area where they live) Ridings are made of approximately residents / people Ontario and Quebec hold 60% of the seats in the House
Members of Parliament continued Represent their party and their constituents Vote with their party on laws Pass laws Can have additional jobs e.g. minister, leader of the opposition, critic, speaker, whip, etc.
Members of Parliament continued Rewards Annual salary of $ plus 64 first class round trip air tickets for anywhere in Canada Personal satisfaction of serving their country Reflect: Do MPs get paid enough or too much? Explain.
Premier – head of Provincial Government Appointed by the Lieutenant Governor of a province MPP The leader of the party with the most seats in the Provincial Parliament (or legislature) Same responsibilities as the Prime Minister, but for the province
Members of Provincial Parliament Represent their party and people at the provincial level of government Our MPP – Yasir Naqvi (Liberal) Salary (2009) $133,217.04
Premier continued Rewards $ salary plus expense account Reflect: Why would someone choose to run for provincial politics instead of national politics?
Mayor and City Councillors Municipal Government Mayor elected directly by the people Councillors and mayor do not represent a political party Responsibilities City parks Snow removal Public transport Fire fighting Local roads librariesGarbage Property tax Water sewage Local police
Municipal Government continued Rewards $ a year for mayor of Ottawa $ for city councillors Direct impact on the lives of your neighbours Ottawa Mayor Jim Watson 2010 Diane Holmes Ward 14 Somerset David Chernushenko Ward 17 Capital Katherine Hobbs Ward 15 Kitchissippi