Presentation on theme: "DIFFERENT CULTURES BUT THE SAME FEELINGS: EUROPE LIFELONG LEARNING PROGRAMME."— Presentation transcript:
DIFFERENT CULTURES BUT THE SAME FEELINGS: EUROPE LIFELONG LEARNING PROGRAMME
In Poland we celebrate many national festivals. These are festivals when we have free time from school and work : The Labour Day ( Ś wi ę to Pracy ) – 1 st May, people dont go to work. Its a national holiday. Constitution Day May 3 rd ( Ś wi ę to 3. Maja) – It reminds the adoption of the first constitution in Europe – Polish Constitution in 1971 and the second constitution in the world. The Independence Day ( Dzie ń Niepodleg ł o ś ci ) – 11 th November, it reminds the regaining independence by Poland in 1918. Its the most important national festival in Poland.
We have many religious festivals. These are the most important: The New Year ( Nowy Rok ) – 1 st January, in this day people play, submit wishes and let go fireworks. Easter ( Wielkanoc ), people go to church with baskets on Saturday. There are eggs, bread, sausage, salt and pepper in the baskets. The next day they share the eggs during Easter brekfast. They spend this day with their families. On Easter Mondays people pour in water and perfume. It`s our tradition. All Saints` Day ( Dzie ń Wszystkich Ś wi ę tych ) – 1 st November, People pray for all saints and for people who died. All Souls' Day ( Zaduszki ) – 2 nd November, people pray for the souls of people from their family and friends.
Christmas ( Bo ż e Narodzenie ) – 25 th December, before Christmas Day is Christmas Eve. People share the wafers and submit wishes. Gifts bring the Santa Claus. Traditional food are: carp, herring, poppy-seed cake and beetroot soup.
We celebrate festivals which have been in our tradition for years: - Santa Claus ( Miko ł ajki ) – 6 th December, - April Fool's Day ( Prima Aprilis), 1st April -Child Day ( Dzie ń Dziecka ) – 1 st June, -Mothers Day ( Dzie ń Matki ) – 26 th May, -Fathers Day ( Dzie ń Ojca ) – 23 rd June, -Grandma's Day ( Dzie ń Babci ) – 22 nd January, -Grandfather's Day (Dzie ń Dziadka ) – 21 st January.
There are a lot of traditional Polish dishes, but we chose rosół (broth), bigos (pie), gołąbki (pigeons– but nor birds) and barszcz biały (white borscht). INGREDIENTS: - a small chicken cut into pieces - a piece of beef - two carrots - a parsley - a leek - a piece of celery - an onion - some sprigs of fresh parsley - spices: pepper, salt, bay leaf Recipe: 1.Put meat and vegetables into the pot and cover with water. 2.Bring everything to the boil. 3.Turn the heat down and simmer slowly for one hour and a quarter. 4.Add spices – pepper, salt and bay leef. 5.Cook the pasta. 6.Put some pasta on a plate, pour broth and sprinkle with chopped parsley leaves.
Ingredients in this recipe: 4 young cabbages 0.7 kg of lean pork 0.25 kg of smoked bacon 0.7 kg of thin sausages (kielbasa) 1 carrot, 1 parsley, half of celery, 1 onion 1 bunch of dill 3 bay leaves, 4 grains of allspice, 1 tablespoon of sugar, 1 tablespoon of oil sugar, salt & pepper Recipe: 1 Cut pork and onion into small pieces. Fry in oil. 2 Put fried meat & onion into a pot, add small amount of water and simmer for 30 minutes. 3 Cut cabbage into small pieces. To the boiling meat and onion add: cabbage, diced bacon, vegetables, whole bay leaves and allspice. 4 Boil the whole mixture until cabbage is soft. 5 Season your bigos with salt, pepper and a little sugar. 6 Before serving add sausages (kielbasa) to the pot to make them warm. Chop dill and sprinkle bigos served on plates (or serve chopped dill on a separate saucer).
Ingredients in this recipe: Sourdough: half cup of wheat flour peel from one slice of whole meal bread (not obligatory) 2 cloves of garlic - crushed 1 cup of the water Soup: 2 liters of broth made with smoked meats (for example boiled lean smoked bacon or sausage) previously made sourdough 1 bay leave 1 clove of garlic 1 medium carrot 2-3 allspice grains 2 tablespoons of freshly grated horseradish 3 tablespoons of thick sour cream (18% fat) 1 spun of marjoram salt, pepper hard-boiled eggs when ready to be served
Recipe: 1 Pour wheat flour into a clay or cup pot, add pressed garlic and pour over some warm but not hot water. Mix it with enough water so that a slurry forms, and then leave for about 4-5 days in a warm and sunny place. After this time it will have a distinctive sourdough sour smell (don't worry - disappears during cooking). The sourdough can be poured into jars or bottles and stored even a month. The soup: 2 Add your sourdough to broth made with bacon. Do it up to your taste, so that the acidity is OK for your tongue. Add bay leaf, crushed garlic clove, allspice, horseradish, sliced carrots and diced white sausage. Boil the mixture. 3 Then remove from heat and pour the cream distributed in several spoons of the hot soup. Mix it and season to taste with salt and marjoram. 4 In the meantime, boil the potatoes separately - otherwise, they become hard and are distasteful. Cook until soup goes an intense aroma of meats and herbs. Beetroot serve with slices of sausage and carrots; you can also add hard-boiled egg
Ingredients: - I head cabbage (medium or large) - 1.5 lb ground beef, pork, veal (you can use the mixture of different meats or just pork but the total weight should be abour 1.5 lbs) - 1 can tomato sauce - 2.5 cups rice - salt and pepper to taste
Recipe: 1. The cabbage (without the stem) is boiled in hot water. 2. Mix and cook the ground meats with the rice. Make sure to add some salt, pepper, chili, mix it well and taste. 3. Some meat and rice put on the cooked cabbage leaves and make an envelope. 4. Golabki place tightely side by side in the big pot. 5. One layer of golabki is on the top of the next layer. All fit tightly together. The golabki are ready to be cooked again in the water with tomato sauce and crushed maggi cube (bouillon cube).
The people of Poland belongs to active. Sport is popular part of their life. Not only young people practice sport but older too. They practice it during free time from work or school. Polish practice sports like: football, volleyball, basketball, handball, speedway, skiing, sailing, athletics etc. The most popular are football, volleyball, basketball, skiing and swimming. Some of them are practiced mostly by young people.
During the newest sport there is parkour, freerun, trial and E-sport. Parkour is a new sport created by French David Belle and the main idea of parkour is overcoming obstacles with the easiest way in the shortest time. Person practices this sport is named traceur. Parkour park in Lodz was the first such a place in Poland, ofounded in 2009 by three young guys who got a chance to train with founder f this sport. E-sport (electronic sport) is kind of sport which doesn't need physical activity. This is nothing different than just sitting in front of the screen and playing computer games. Difficulty of the game with life opponent is much more complicated than play with computer as an opponent. One turn may last even several hours. The longest match in the history of this sport was match in game "Halo 3" lasting about 28 hours.
BLESSED POPE JOHN PAUL II was born on18th May 1920 and died on 2nd April 2005. He was the first Polish POPE. We are very proud of him. Pope John Paul II dispensed with the traditional Papal coronation and instead received ecclesiastical investiture with the simplified Papal inauguration on 22 October 1978. He was the second- longest serving Pope and the first non-Italian since 1523. He was one of the most-travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. John Paul II was proclaimed venerable by his successor Pope Benedict XVI and was beatified on 1 May 2011. Our school has got his name.
POLISH NOBEL PRIZE LAUREATS LITERATURE: 1. WISŁAWA SZYMBORSKA (2 July 1923 – 1 February 2012) was a Polish poet, essayist, translator and recipient of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature. She was born in Prowent, she later resided in Kraków until the end of her life. She was described as a "Mozart of Poetry". In Poland, Szymborska's books have reached sales rivaling prominent prose authors: although she once remarked in a poem, "Some Like Poetry" ("Niektórzy lubią poezję"), that no more than two out of a thousand people care for the art. Szymborska was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1996, "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality". She became better known internationally as a result of this. Her work has been translated into English and many European languages, as well as into Arabic, Hebrw, Japanese and Chinese.
2. WŁADYSŁAW REYMONT (May 7, 1867 – December 5, 1925) He was a Polish novelist and Nobel laureate. His best-known work is the novel Chlopi (Peasants). He was born in the village of Kobiele Wielkie near Radomsko as one of nine children to Józef Rejment, an organist. He spent his childhood in Tuszyn near Łódź, to which his father had moved in order to work at a richer church parish. Reymont was defiantly stubborn; after a few years of education in the local school he was sent by his father to Warsaw into the care of his eldest sister and her husband to teach him his vocation. In 1885, after passing his examinations and presenting "a tail-coat, well-made", he was given the title of journeyman tailorhis only formal certificate of education. To his family's annoyance he did not work a single day as a tailor. He ran away to work in a travelling provincial theatre and then returned in the summer to Warsaw for the "garden theatres". After his lack of success (he was not a talented actor), he returned home. Reymont also stayed for a short time in Krosnowa near Lipce and for a time considered joining the Pauline Order in Częstochowa. He also lived in Kołaczkowo, where he bought a mansion.
3. HENRYK SIENKIEWICZ ( May 5, 1846 – November 15, 1916) He was a Polish journalist and Nobel Prize-winning novelist. A Polish szlachcic (noble) of the Oszyk coat of arms, he was one of the most popular Polish writers at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1905 for his "outstanding merits as an epic writer." His works were noted for their negative portrayal of the Teutonic Order in The Teutonic Knights (Krzyżacy), which was remarkable as a significant portion of his readership lived under German rule. This can be contrasted with his positive portrayal of German mercenaries in With Fire and Sword. Many of his novels were first serialized in newspapers, and even today are still in print. In Poland, he is best known for his historical novels "With Fire and Sword", "The Deluge", and "Fire in the Steppe" (The Trilogy) set during the 17th-century Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, while internationally he is best known for Quo Vadis, set in Nero's Rome. Quo Vadis has been filmed several times, most notably the 1951 version.
4. CZESŁAW MIŁOSZ (30 June 1911 – 14 August 2004) He was a Polish poet, a prose writer and a translator of Lithuanian origin. His World War II-era sequence The World is a collection of 20 "naive" poems. He defected to the West in 1951, and his nonfiction book The Captive Mind (1953) is a classic of anti-Stalinism. From 1961 to 1998 he was a professor of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of California, Berkeley. Miłosz later became an American citizen and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1980.
LECH WAŁĘSA He was born on 29 September 1943. He is a Polish politician, trade-union organizer, and human-rights activist. A charismatic leader, he co-founded Solidarity (Solidarność), the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland between 1990 and 1995. Wałęsa was an electrician by trade, with no higher education. Soon after beginning work at the Gdańsk (then, "Lenin") Shipyards, he became a trade-union activist. For this he was persecuted by the Polish communist government, placed under surveillance, fired in 1976, and arrested several times. In August 1980 he was instrumental in negotiations that led to the ground-breaking Gdańsk Agreement between striking workers and the government, and he became a co-founder of the Solidarity trade-union movement. Arrested again after martial law was imposed and Solidarity was outlawed, upon release he continued his activism and was prominent in the establishment of the 1989Round Table Agreement that led to semi-free parliamentary elections in June 1989 and to a Solidarity-led government.
MARIA CURIE SKŁODOWSKA Maria Sklodowska-Curie (November 7, 1867 - July 4, 1934), a Polish physicist and chemist known for his pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry. She was the first female professor at the University of Paris. She was born in contemporary Polish Kingdom. She studied at the underground university in Warsaw. She shared the Nobel Prize with her husband Pierre Curie. Sklodowska-Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, the only woman to date to win in two areas, and the only person to win in many fields of science. Her work included the theory of radioactivity, radionuclide techniques for the isolation and discovery of two elements, polonium and radium.
FRYDERYK CHOPIN Fryderyk Chopin(1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist. He is considered one of the great masters of Romantic music and he has been called "the poet of the piano". Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola, a village in the Duchy of Warsaw. His mother was Polish, and his father was a French immigrant to Poland. A renowned child-prodigy pianist and composer, Chopin grew up in Warsaw and completed his musical education there. Following the Russian suppression of the Polish November 1830 Uprising, he settled in Paris as part of the Great Emigration and never returned to his homeland. The most famous compositions: -Viennece Waltz; - Chopin`s Mazurkas;
MIKOŁAJ KOPERNIK Mikołaj Kopernik ( 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543)- Copernicus epochal book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), published just before his death in 1543, is often regarded as the starting point of modern astronomy and the defining epiphany that began the scientific revolution. His heliocentric model, with the Sun at the center of the universe, demonstrated that the observed motions of celestial objects can be explained without putting Earth at rest in the center of the universe. His work stimulated further scientific investigations, becoming a landmark in the history of science that is often referred to as the Copernican Revolution. Among the great polymaths of the Renaissance, Copernicus was a mathematician, an astronomer, a jurist with a doctorate in law, a physician, a polyglot,a classics scholar, a translator, an artist, a Catholic cleric,a governor, a diplomat and an economist.
SPORTSMEN Krzysztof Radzikowski, nicknamed Drake (born 18 August 1981, Głowno) - One of the best Polish strongmen. Vice-champion of Strongmen in 2008 in Poland Vice-champion of Strongmen in 2009in Poland. The European vice-champion in 2009. The European vice-champion in the Extrusion of Beam in 2009. The World champion of the World Strongman Federation in 2012. Krzysztof Radzikowski finished the Primary School No. 1 in Głowno, next carried the learning on at the Car Technical Vocational School. He studied at university Łódź physical education and health. Many times Mariusz Pudzianowski (picture 2) was his coach. Krzysztof had his debut in 2008 on the International Competition and since then he is capturing high lokaty in them. He took up the first place on the World Strongman Federation in Abu Dhabi.
Wojciech Szczęsny is a Polish footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Arsenal and the Poland national football team. Szczęsny is well known for his breakthrough season in 2010–11, which he started as the fourth choice goalkeeper behind Manuel Almunia, Łukasz Fabiański, and Vito Mannone, but ended it as first choice. His remarkable composure, agility, and command of his area led to his establishment as Arsenal's first choice at just 20 years of age. After winning his place in the first team, Szczęsny expressed his desire of continuing his career as Arsenal first choice goalkeeper for 15 years.
Justyna Kowalczyk was born in January 19, 1983. She is a Polish cross country skier who has been competing since 2000. She is one of the most successful cross country skiers of all time, being the only skier in the history with victories in all the most important sport events, so called "The Big Crown": Olympic Games, World Championships, World Cup and Tour de Ski. Kowalczyk is an Olympic Champion and a double World Champion. She is also the only skier who won the Tour de Ski three times in a row and one of two female skiers, who won the FIS Cross-Country World Cup three times in a row (the other one being Finn Marjo Matikainen). Kowalczyk holds the all-time record for the most wins in Tour de Ski with 10 competitions won.
Adam Małysz (born 3 December 1977 in Wisła, Poland) He is a former Polish ski jumper, one of the most successful ski jumpers in the history. The most important of Małysz's successes are 4 individual Olympic Games medals, 4 individual World Championships gold medals (all-time record), 4 individual World Cup titles (all-time record shared with Matti Nykänen), 39 individual competition wins and 92 podiums in total. Małysz's career began in 1995. For two consecutive seasons, he was moderately successful in the Ski Jumping World Cup (7th and 10th in the overall standings respectively). He re-emerged in the 2000/01 season when he won the Four Hills Tournament and the world championship in individual normal hill while finishing second in individual large hill. 2002 saw Małysz claim silver in individual large hill and bronze in individual normal hill at the Salt Lake City Olympic Games. In 2003, he won both world championships titles and added another Ski Jumping World Cup (his third). Four years later, in 2007, he surprised his competitors with a streak of wins at the end of the season, including the world championship and overtook the young Norwegian Anders Jacobsen in World Cup standings, achieving his fourth victory and equalling Matti Nykänen's record of winning the World Cup four times. At the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics Małysz took the silver in Normal Hill Individual Event and won another silver in the individual large hill.
Poland lies in the center of Europe. Adjacent to the seven countries are: Germany, Cz ech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia.
POLAND is divided into 16 provinces. Polish landscape is very diverse. In the south there are high mountains. We also have beautiful lakes and the Baltic Sea in the north. Our the longest river is the Vistula. It flows from the mountains and flows into the Baltic Sea.
BRONISŁAW KOMOROWSKI is the President of Poland. His rights and obligations are determined in the Constitution of Poland. The President of Poland is the head of state, the supreme representative of Poland in the international arena. He has executive authority. He has a right to dissolve the parliament in certain cases (e.g. when it fails to form a Council of Ministers or to adopt the budget).
ELECTION: The President of Poland is elected directly by the people to serve for 5 years and can be reelected only once. Pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution, the President is elected by an absolute majority of valid votes. If no candidate succeeds in passing this threshold, a second round of voting is held with the participation of the two candidates who received the largest and second largest number of votes respectively.. In order to be registered as a candidate in the presidential election, one must be a Polish citizen, be at least 35 years old on the day of the first round of the election and collect at least 100,000 signatures of voters.
Polish National Anthem At first anthem, as Song of the Polish Legions in Italy, was written by Joseph Wybicki. Author of melody based on folk song is unknown. The song was created on 16 to 19 July 1797 in the Itallian town Reggio nell'Emilia in Cisalpine Republic (present-day Italy). For the first time it was sang in public on July 20, 1797. The text was announced in Mantua on February 1799 in newspaper "Legion Decade." From the very beginning this song was approved with applouse in Dąbrowski's Legions. At the beginning of 1798 it was known in all annexations. It was sung at the triumphal entry of General H. Dąbrowski and J. Wybicki to Poznan on November 3, 1806, during the November Uprising (1830), January Uprising (1863), by the Poles in Great Emigration, during the revolution of 1905, World War I and World War II.
Polish National Flag White and red colors were recognized as national for the first time on May 3rd, 1792. During the first anniversary celebrations of enactment of the government act ladies appeared in white dresses tied with red ribbon, men appeared in white-red scarves. This manifestation was linked with a heraldry of Polish Kingdom - White Eagle on the red, crest shield. For the first time a legal regulation of the Polish flag was accepted in the Polish Kingdom Sejm's resolution on February 7th, 1831 at the request of Mr Valentine Zwierkowski, Vice President of Patriotic Community, as proposal of compromise between white color - provided by Augustus II the Strong and proposed by conservatives, and three-colored - white-red-sapphire - colours of confederation of Bar proposed by Patriotic Community. After an independence recovery colors and shape of the Polish flag was enacted by Legislative Sejm of Recovered Polish on April, the 1st. The act said "Colors of the Polish Republic are white and red in long, parallel stripes, where white is on top, and red on the bottom." Two years later Ministry of Military released a booklet, where they specified the tint as crisimon, but in 1927 the red tint was changed to cinnabar, which was used in definition of the flag in an act from 1955. Flag colors were changed again with an act from January 31th, 1980, which was developed by group of experts.
I think that joining Poland to European Union was very important. People from our country now can easily travel to other countries and look for jobs or just discover foreign cultures. Additionally, we have got a lot of donations for upgrading schools or giving scholarships, for making projects with students etc. Some entrepreneurs are getting donations, too. Thanks to it, were also building a lot of learning centers like a planetarium, places where young people can develop their interests, their hobbies. In case of country crisis we can also count on EU help. So, after all, I think that EU is a really good thing, and that our country joined to it was really important.
Our expectations about the project are consistent with our project. We would like to polish our English language during contacts with our Comenius friends. We will talk on a skype, write e-mails and meet abroad. We will make presentations about our country in English language. We will go abroad to foreign students and they will arrive to us. We can get friends for the whole life. We can learn traditions, culture and customs of other countries during abroad departure and contact on-line.
The estimated population is about 38.5 million. Of this, 37.1 to 37.5 million are ethnic Poles. Worldwide there are an additional 13 million Poles who live abroad. Due to Poland's history of shifting borders and the changes over time in the ethnic policies pursued by both foreign and Polish governments, it is difficult to establish the exact size of ethnic groups. Many individuals have the right to claim membership in several groups while others may not wish to have their ethnic affiliation recorded. The largest ethnic minorities include approximately 400,000 Germans and perhaps an equal number of Ukrainians, followed by 275,000 Bellarussians, then 25,000 Roma (Gypsies), and 13,500 Lithuanians. The over three million people of the Jewish population that inhabited Poland before World War II has been reduced to some six thousand to ten thousand people. Religious Beliefs. Approximately 95 percent of Poland's inhabitants are Roman Catholics, with about 75 percent attending church services regularly. The other 5 percent are Eastern Orthodox, Protestants and other Christian religions. Judaism and Muslim are the largest non-Christian religions.
The school system in Poland includes kindergartens, elementary schools, middle schools, secondary schools, post-secondary education and more. Education is compulsory from 6 to 18 years, but the status of mandatory institutions have only a primary school and middle school. Education in public schools is free.
Kindergarten Children from 3 to 6 years old attend to the kindergarten. Today the "kindergarten" is mandatory for children who are 6-year-old. Primary School The six-year-old school is divided into two three-years stages. On the first phase - in classes I-III - an early-school education is being carried out. Classes take place in the form of the integrated education, it is without the division into objects. In grades IV-VI, it shall be dealt with in the keeping of which is entrusted to teachers-specialists. One of the teachers involved in the branch serves as a classroom teacher. High School Reform of the educational system in 1999 introduced a new type of high school as a school for young people aged 13-16. Teaching at this stage is general in nature.
Types of Secondary Schools a) basic vocational schools b) three secondary schools, c) three secondary schools d) four-year engineering e) two-year supplementary general f) post-secondary schools g) three special schools The grading scale excellent - 6 very good - 5 good - 4 sufficient - 3 permitting - 2 insufficient – 1
Exams In class VI students take the test of knowledge and skills, which is the same for all students. Pupils with special educational needs receive customized worksheets. They can also take the exam individually adapted conditions. The test is organized by the Central Examination Commission. This test does not affect the completion of primary school, or on admission to the school. Education in the middle school - gymnasium ends with an examination, which usually takes place in April and proceed to the third grade students. The exam consists of three parts: the humanities, mathematics and natural science, and language. Some humanistic cover sheet with the questions of the Polish language and a sheet with questions of history and civics. On the part of mathematics and natural science consists of a sheet of questions in mathematics and a sheet of questions in geography, biology, chemistry and physics. The section on modern foreign language includes a sheet with questions on a basic level (compulsory for all candidates) and a sheet of questions at the advanced level (compulsory for those students who are learning the language from primary school). Take the exam is a prerequisite for the completion of high school, but does not specify a minimum as a result of which the candidates should get the test to pass. However, the exam is one of the criteria taken into consideration for recruitment into secondary school.
Days off School January 6, 2012, Friday, Three Kings (Epiphany) January 16 2012 - February 26 2012 - Winter Holiday 2012 (depending on the province) April 5, 2012 - April 10, 2012 Spring Break (Easter 2012) May 1, 2012, Tuesday, the International Labour Day May 3, 2012, Thursday, May 3 Constitution Day June 7, 2012, Thursday, Corpus Christi June 30, 2012 - September 2, 2012 summer holidays (Holiday 2012) November 1, 2012, Thursday, All Saints December 22, 2012 - January 1, 2012 Winter Break (Christmas 2012)
Rules at school We mustn`t: - Answer the phone during a lesson - Discuss with the teacher - To leave without the consent of the teacher - Run down the corridor We must: - Be nice to classmates and teachers - Learning - Observe Regulations -Take care of the order
Activities in our school circles of interest: sport The European Club Theatre with two faces The Municipal Gymnasium John Paul II are: First High level of education -Olympics -provincial competitions in question -Interactive Whiteboards - electronic-journal -wireless internet in every classroom Second security -School without Violence -monitoring of schools and playgrounds -protection -cooperation with police Third entertainment -team building - green schools -meeting of the schools named John Paul II