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Physical activity and fitnessChapter 3: Health
The group of organs and tissues that transport essential materials to body cells and remove their waste products Circulatory system
The body’s main source of energyCirculatory system
Blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to all parts of the body(in red) Artery
Blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart from all parts of the body(in blue) Vein
The smallest type of blood vesselCapillary
Plasma The yellowish, watery portion of bloodOver half the volume of blood is plasma Plasma
Part of the blood that helps it to clotPlatelets
Classified according to the type of red blood cells it contains
When a person’s heart is working harder than it should to push blood through his or her bodyHigh blood pressure
Systemic circulation Sends blood to all body parts except the lungsBlood returns from the lungs to the heart Systemic circulation
Consists of bones, joints, and connecting tissueSkeletal system
Store calcium Make new blood cells Support the body frame Bones
A place where two or more bones meetJoints
Skull joints are immovable
Can move in all directionsBall and socket joints
Strong, flexible tissue that cushions bones and supports soft tissuesCartilage
Tissues that move parts of the body and operate internal organsMuscular system
Muscles Work as pairs in opposition to move boneContract and extend to cause movement Muscles
Tissue that joins muscle to muscle, or muscle to boneTendon
The ability to handle the physical work and play of everyday life without becoming overly tiredPhysical fitness
Physical activity that improves or maintains fitnessExercise
The ability to perform vigorous physical activity without getting overly tiredEndurance
How much energy you use when you work outIntensity
The ability of muscles to exert a forceStrength
The ability to move joints fully and easilyFlexibility
Increase flexibility and reduce the risk of injury during other exercisesStretching exercises
Synthetic compounds that cause muscle tissue to develop at an abnormally high rateAnabolic steroids
Gentle exercises that should always be included in a workout sessionWarm up
Gentle exercises that let your body adjust to ending a workoutCool down
Best exercise for heart and lung enduranceSwimming
This prefix refers to the heartCardio
Check your pulse in the middle of a workout to check your target heart rate
Exercising too hard or too often, without enough rest in betweenOvertraining
Occurs when you lose an excessive amount of water from your body.Can cause muscle cramps Dehydration
Help restore fluids to your body after being involved in an activity for more than an hourSports drinks
Compared with team sports, an individual sport allows you more freedom to set your own scheduleSport activities
It is best to choose a variety of foods from major food groups each day to give your body enough fuel to play a sport Healthy eating
Avoiding injury Wear appropriate protective equipmentWarm up before game Make sure you use proper techniques for your sport Avoiding injury
Have fun and keep moving!Remember….
Fitness and You. F.I.T.T. Formula F- Frequency –How often you do the activity each week I- Intensity –How hard you work at the activity per session T-
Physical Activity Jeopardy Physical ActivityFitness Activity Programs SafetyInjuries $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Final Jeopardy.
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Chapter 3 Physical Activity and Fitness Lesson 5 Weight Training and Sports Next >> Click for: >> Main Menu >> Chapter 3 Assessment Teacher’s notes are.
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Sports and Physical Wellness In this lesson, you will Learn About… The advantages of both individual and team sports. How to avoid sports injuries. How.
Mr. DiCicco Elements of Fitness. Cardiorespiratory Endurance Ability of your lungs, heart, and blood vessels to send fuel and oxygen to your tissues during.
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Chapter 16 Lesson 1. Did You Know All the cells in your body need to receive oxygen and nourishment. The cells also need to have carbon dioxide and waste.
Principles of Training. The 5 Components of Fitness Cardio respiratory endurance Muscular Strength Muscular Endurance Flexibility Body composition.
Cells, Tissues, Organs and Body Systems Pages Tissues Organs Body Sys.
Do now – List the functions of the skeletal system (hint: there are 5 of them) Answers The skeleton gives shape and support to your body.
EXERCISE AND FITNESS Note: This power point presentation was created originally by McGraw Glencoe Health company. It was downloaded from their free educator’s.
1. 2 Health-Related Fitness vs. Skill-Related Fitness Total physical fitness includes: Health-related fitness. This is your ability to become and stay.
Your Musculoskeletal System The skeletal system is a framework of bones and the tissues that connect to these bones. The muscular system is made up of.
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Structures – bones made of living cells, protein fibers and calcium.
Concepts of Health and Fitness Review for CBA’S. FITT Principle F= Frequency: Number of workouts per week F= Frequency: Number of workouts per week I=
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Developing a Personal Fitness Program In this lesson, you will Learn About… The factors to consider when planning a fitness program. How to plan your workouts.
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Elements of Fitness 1. Cardiorespiratory Endurance- allow body to last during extended exercise Heart, lungs and blood vessels send fuel and Oxygen.
Circulatory System: Heart, Blood, Blood Vessels Transports Materials from the digestive and respiratory Systems to the cells.
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5 Components of FITNESS Muscular Strength – the most weight you can lift or the most force you can exert at 1 time Muscular Endurance - The ability of.
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