Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Communities involvement for urban preservation: a matter of experience? Thematic seminar B: Social aspects of preventive conservation UNESCO Chair on Preventive.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Communities involvement for urban preservation: a matter of experience? Thematic seminar B: Social aspects of preventive conservation UNESCO Chair on Preventive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Communities involvement for urban preservation: a matter of experience? Thematic seminar B: Social aspects of preventive conservation UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice

2 Why the topic of communities involvement or communities participation entered the discussion on heritage preservation? UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Are we targeting communities or heritage preservation?

3 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Preserving communities: heritage preservation is a leading activity needing for strong policies by the authorities, in respect of the scientific achievements in the field. People participation in these policies is a mean for their survival, but not enough

4 Communities involvement has been developing mostly for supporting health and environmental objectives. Basic living conditions satisfaction is the most noble application of communities involvement, cause it feeds the primary need of individuals UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice The most limited application of heritage preservation through communities participation are urban environments and urban architecture, were direct actions by people is limited. Is more involvement

5 Preserving heritage (viewpoint of technicians) : involvement and participation are fund-raising activities, aiming at supplying those resources heritage owners cannot guarantee. Educational policies are essential. By volunteering, people satisfy their need to do good; by donating, they express their appreciation for an activity that may not be realized in a market setting. (Klamer) (Resources are scarce, but also in other sectors?) UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice

6 BUT HOW WE DEFINE A COMMUNITY? UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice nothing is more instructive…than the way Spinoza conceives the common. All bodies, he says, have in common to express the divine attribute of extension…and yet what is common cannot in any case constitute the essence of the single case. Decisive here is the idea of an inessential commonality, a solidarity that in no way concerns an essence. Taking-place, the communication of singularities in the attribute of extension, does not unite them in essence, but scatters them in existence (Agamben, the coming community, 1993

7 The community without community (Nancy 1991) UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice The idea of community in Agamben and Nancy is an alternative conception of community that produces new constitutions and networks of relationships that are not hinged upon predisposed notions of community and identity. It is a community which is concerned with the relations that are formed across categories (gender, sexuality, culture, class) which at the same time recognises that this community without-identity is also absolutely unrepresentable

8 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Collective or public goods are goods held in ownership by a collectivity, usually a state or another political entity. Their possession has a legal status. They are marked by non-rivalry in consumption and non-excludability. Their benefits are quasi universal in terms of countries, people and generations. Global public goods benefit humanity in its entirety. Common goods are shared by a group of people without a clear legal definition of ownership. In the rule, no single person or legal identity can claim ownership of a common good. The members of the group enjoy the fruits of their common good; they cannot exclude other members but usually exclude non-members. Rivalry is conceivable both inside and outside the group. Goods are those tangibles and intangibles that have value for people and for which the possession and enjoyment of them, they would be willing to sacrifice resources

9 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice The common goods are shared, and have to be shared to be useful; The consumption of common good is joint, but it could be limited: the process is generated within a limited but usually not very well defined group of people; The common good is owned by those who participate in its production, protection and consumption; Ownership does not imply economic rights like the right to sell, but more social rights like membership, status, recognition and respect of other participants; To participants, the good is something from which they benefit; Participants contribute to the good when they participate in all spheres that concern the good.

10 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice The common goods create the community The collective good is creating the collectivity Present societies, especially in urban areas, are partly loosing their common goods. Once people were linked by mutual relationships of needs: there was a butcher, needing a baker, needing a shoes maker, etc. Dialogue was frequent because of a concrete need to stay closed. At present, people is choosing a city because of its environment, its location, because they find their job there, for studying. There life is not forced to be in connection to others cause everything can be achieved without a real need of relationship. Thus we are apparently only collectivities.

11 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice If the common goods create the community We can talk about communities of Heritage Museums, Historic buildings Cultural landscapes Sport Drinks etc. And involving these communities is partly easy, its a fund-raising exercise because members of those communities share a target, have the same mission, are satisfying the same need

12 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Walter Benjamn was the first talking about flaneur, especially in his Passagenwerk, describing the experience of strolling in Paris. This point out the movements of individuals in respect to their attitude to get involved in urban solicitations the urban landscape changes with the position of the viewer, or even better, the flaneur-person leisurely strolling through its streets. – a person leisurely strolling through its streets. (Greffe 2008) Cities is consumed through a cartographic approach

13 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice The preservation of urban cultural landscapes not only implies architecture, but also the experiences and the links among people In particular: · to provide better representation of the values of a place as the focal point of community identity and way of life; · to maintain and promote the authenticity of historic urban centres, by preserving the culturally generative relationships associated with those centres; and · to determine the appropriateness and value of a proposed intervention to a specific area (Thomas Trudeau, Lemaire Centre 2006)

14 1. Communities 2. Involvement 3. Preservation 4. Historic urban landscape 5. Experience UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice

15 is simply that citizen participation is a categorical term for citizen power. It is the redistribution of power that enables the have-not citizens, presently excluded from the political and economic processes, to be deliberately included in the future. (Sherrey R. Arnstein, Ladder of citizen participation) UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice

16 In urban historic areas, an important stress could be given by the definition of communities and of common heritage. UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Different development of communities along history. In European, Mediterranean and south-American contexts, architectures and urbanism have been developing and reproducing by adaptation two different specific models until the industrial revolution The industrial revolution has been standardising building techniques, appearing as first globalisation wind

17 Any urban reality in the past had been founded through a strong act by a leader, an authority UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Population had agreed on that authority and that leader, thus accepting regulations imposed and considering each other identical in respect of those regulations Cities economic progresses have been characterised by the mutual relationships among individuals in respect of the formal and informal regulations given by city

18 As an example, today we may see a difference in Europe among northern and southern societies towards their environment. UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice This difference may depend on a historic different background, which is also reflected by the two different urban morphologies and the architectural popular typologies The latin city, developed around axes and squares based on the patio house, and the northern city, then gothic, developed in circle with sequences of narrow houses

19 LATIN CITY UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Less relationship with the urban areas Decorations concentrated inside the familiar residence, as frescoes, stuccos, water games, etc. Weak attention to the facades of buildings Organisation around the patio Each house was somehow distinctive. Latins were much more individuals in the society

20 NORTHERN CITY UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Higher relationship with the urban areas Poor interiors (and richer exteriors in a second phase) Strong attention to the facades of buildings (later phase) Closer communication with citys life Although the exterior decoration, houses were identical Northern people were much less individuals in the society – nomad tradition

21 These differences are still evident in the urban landscape approach, thus communities involvement participation processes may have very different purposes UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice These different development are also very relevant in terms of relationship between historic architectural typologies and urban morphology, issue to be understood by the society To this we should associate the achievements of conservation theory, thus informing population about the acceptability of interventions and their motivation

22 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Manuale duso per la casa Che cosa manutenere per allungare la vita alla tua casa

23 UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice COMUNE DI VENEZIA Direzione Attività Produttive, Sviluppo Economico Servizio Attività Produttive LEGGE REGIONALE 37/2004 INTERVENTI PER LA VALORIZZAZIONE DEI LOCALI STORICI BANDO DI CENSIMENTO DEI LOCALI STORICI NEL TERRITORIO DEL COMUNE DI VENEZIA

24 Financial constraint: scarce capacity/impossibility by public authorities to preserve and enhance tangible heritage; UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Political constraint: Impossibility to apply long term policies for heritage preservation and enhancement Social constraint: guaranteeing the preservation of existing communities (and traditions?)

25 Financial suggestion: growing collaboration with the private sector and shifting of investments on common living environments, maybe through preventive maintenance UNESCO Chair on Preventive Conservation – Lemaire Center Leuven-Heverlee, Arenberg Castle, 25 March 2009 Drs. Marco Acri – University of Nova Gorica Campo della Chiesa 3, Venice Political suggestion: information campaign soliciting communities stewardship towards tangible and intangible heritage Social suggestion: preserving the urban experience by guaranteeing services and creating conditions for the establishment of mutual relationships of need in the city or its areas. Lets feed the affinities!


Download ppt "Communities involvement for urban preservation: a matter of experience? Thematic seminar B: Social aspects of preventive conservation UNESCO Chair on Preventive."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google