Introduction to Cub Scout Shooting Sports Safety through Skill Archery & BB Gun are restricted to: – Day Camp – Cub Scout/ Webelos Scout Resident Camps – Council Managed family Camping Programs (Cuboree) – Council Activities – Not to be performed at the Pack/ Den level. Pg. 1
Introduction continued By providing fun and adventure, Archery and BB gun programs teach: – Skills – Discipline – Self reliance – Sportsmanship – Conservation Pg. 1
The Three Rules… ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction. ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot. ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready for use. Pg. 21
Training Outline Section I(40 minutes) A.Brief History of BB Guns (pg. 19) B.Safety Guidelines (pg. 21) 1.Safety Reminders (pg. 22) 2.What Causes Gun Accidents (pg. 22) C.Equipment (pg. 32) 1.Review Air Guns, Air Compression mechanisms, Safety devices, air gun ammunition, target faces, and backstops. 2.Review how to maintain, store, and care for equipment. Pg. 20
Training Outline Section III(40 minutes) A.Training Cub Scouts (pg. 20) 1.Teaching Tips (pg. 20) B.BB Gun Shooting Basics (pg. 22) 1.Eye Dominance (pg. 23) 2.Shooting Shoulder (pg. 23) 3.Breathing (pg. 23) 4.Sight Alignment (pg. 23) 5.Trigger Squeeze (pg. 23) 6.Follow Through (pg. 23) C.Equipment (pg. 32) 1.Review Air Guns, Air Compression mechanisms, Safety devices, air gun ammunition, target faces, and backstops. 2.Review how to maintain, store, and care for equipment. Pg. 20
Training Outline Section IIIcontinued C.Shooting Positions (pg. 23) 1.Free-Arm Standing Position (pg. 24) 2.Prone Position (pg. 24) 3.Kneeling Position (pg. 25) 4.Sitting Position (pg. 25) D.Sighting and Scoring (pg. 26) E.Range Commands (pg. 31) F.Practice Shooting (moving to end of agenda) Pg. 20
Training Outline Section IV A.Basic Shooting Activity (pg.26) B.BB Gun Shooting Games and Activities (pg. 26) C.Tiger Cubs and BB Gun Shooting (page 21) D.Cub Scout Shooting Sports Award (pg. 28) E.BB Gun Shooting Belt Loop and Sports Pin (pg.29) Pg. 20
Leadership - Requirements National BSA: Must be at least 18 years old – (Local council policy may be different) Be trained by a National Camping School-training Shooting Sport director or a National Rifle Association (NRA) instructor. Must complete a minimum of two hour course Certification must be renewed every two years Pg. 19 North Florida Council: Must be at least 21 years old Must be specially trained by a National Rifle Association (NRA) instructor. Must successfully complete a two hour course Certification must be renewed every two years, or sooner if retraining is deemed necessary due to safety
Brief History of BB Guns 1580 – the bellows gun is the earliest known air-powered gun. A few decades later, the first pneumatic (pump-up) air gun was created in France. Late 1700s some units of the Austrian army were equipped with air rifles. 1800s Lewis and Clark had an air gun for hunting. 1885 – The Markham Air Rifle Company became one of the first companies to sell BB guns. 1895 – A company called Daisy started making air rifles fulltime 1984 – The Olympic Games featured air guns for the first time. Today, BB guns are still being produced in both rifle and pistol forms. Pg.19
Safety Guidelines Before using a gun: – Always get permission from your parent or guardian. – Always have an adult present when you use a gun. – Know how the gun works and how to use it. – Always be sure of your target and what is beyond the target. – Always wear eye protection (and ear if applicable) – Never reuse BBs Pg. 21
Safety Guidelines – The Basic Rules 1.Always keep gun pointed in a safe direction 2.Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot 3.Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use 4.Know how to use a gun safely 5.Be sure the gun is safe to operate 6.Use only the correct ammunition for the gun 7.Wear eye protection 8.Never use Alcohol or drugs before or when shooting 9.A safety is a mechanical device 10.Ear protection may be worn 11.Know your target and what is beyond the target 12.Store guns so they are not accessible to any unauthorized person Pg. 21
What Causes Gun Accidents? Ignorance – A lack of knowledge Carelessness – Failure to use knowledge Pg. 22
Safety Reminders What Should a Scout do if he finds a gun in another place? STOP! DONT TOUCH! LEAVE THE AREA! TELL AN ADULT! Pg. 22
Sun Safety on the Shooting Range Limit Exposure to Sun between 10AM and 4PM when the Suns rays are strongest. Generously apply sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 and reapply every 2 hours when outdoors, even on cloudy days. Wear protective, tightly woven clothing, such as a long- sleeved shirt and pants. Wear a 4-inch-wide broad-brimmed hat and sunglasses with UV protective lenses. Stay in the shade whenever possible. Avoid reflective surfaces, which can reflect up to 85% of the Suns damaging rays. Pg. 22
Equipment 1 range – 50 foot range with eight firing points 15 feet from firing line to target 10- 12 BB Guns Targets BBs Backstop A set of 17-by-22inch instruction wall charts 10 safety glasses Red Flag Pg. 32 *North Florida Council: Please note the equipment list is included in your Day Camp Trailer; please be sure to do your inventory and test the equipment.
Air Guns Spring-Piston Pneumatic – Pump Single Stroke Multi-pump – Compressed CO2 Compressed air: SCUBA tank-filled Pg. 32
Air Gun – Compression Mechanisms Methods for compressing air for Spring-piston and Pneumatic single/ multi pump air guns: Break-barrel (aka barrel cocking) Over-lever Under-lever Side-lever Slide Pg. 33
Ammunition Five types of air gun ammunition: – Pellets – Lead balls – Darts – Bolts – BBs Use the BBs provided. Do not reuse BBs, do not use rusted BBs Pg.33
Equipment & storage Equipment needs to be kept in proper working condition. All supplies should be checked to ensure the yare in good condition: target backstops, mats, and all ancillary accessories. Tag and notify if any equipment is found defective. Equipment should be stored daily to protect from theft, weather, and rodents. Pg. 33
How to Access North Florida Council Day Camp Equipment Standard Day Camp Trailer Load Day Camp Director Coordinates with Council All Day Camp equipment is stored at Camp Echockotee.
Maintenance Follow the Owners Manual for your rifle. For North Florida Council: 1.Trigger pulls are taken before use by Day Camp Rangemaster, and at the end of day camp. 2.At the end of Day Camp (or every 1000 shots), 3 drops of ordinary motor oil. 3.Rangemasters are required do the check on the equipment. 4.Rangemasters are responsible to assure that the guns they are using function according to BSA standards and at the end of Day Camp they will do the trigger pull in order to assure that the guns are empty. 5.Any non functioning gun is tagged for repair. Please do not put non-functional equipment back in the box leaving a problem for the next Rangemaster. Pg. 29 Note: Trigger pull is validate with a trigger pull gauge. It is recorded and documented in a log book. Per Rule 63a of the National Standards of Cub Scout/Boy Scout/ Venture; the trigger pull shall not be less that 3lbs.
Range Operation Rules 1.If the range is outdoors, fly a red flag when in use. 2.BBs will be issued to shooters; must remain in clear sight. 3.Shooters will be instructed what to do for misfires and malfunctions. 4.BB gun Position; how it should be left in position. 5.Cease firing command steps. 6.Steps to follow for shooters and targets. 7.No one allowed ahead of firing line after Load command. 8.No one is allowed on firing line except shooter and coach. 9.Horseplay strictly forbidden. 10.All BB guns not in use are placed in racks unloaded. Pg. 31 * Please be sure to read the Range Operation Rules in their entirety on page 31.
BB Gun Shooting Range Rules 1.The range may be opened on by a certified BB gun shooting range officer. 2.All commands issued by the range officer must be obeyed immediately. 3.Stay Behind the firing Line. Do not straddle a firing line. 4.Do not pick up a gun unless told to by the range officer. 5.Absolutely no running on the range. 6.No Horseplay or unnecessary talking on the range. 7.If in doubt about these rules, as your leader or range officer for advice and help. Pg. 31
Training Cub Scouts How to use a BB gun safely Teach Basic BB gun shooting skills Have Fun! The Instructor is responsible for safety before, during, and after instruction and practice. Have warmth, patience, and understanding for those having difficulty with this skill. Pg. 20
Teaching Tips Put the BB Gun in the Cub Scouts hands as soon as possible so he can understand the BB gun while basics are explained. Group participants together (boy and parent/ guardian would be ideal) The Instructor demonstrates the activity or action to be followed before the whole group. Pg. 20
Teaching Tips continued The boy practices while the parent coaches. Use a positive approach. Avoid long discussions on the parts of equipment used. Allow each boy to feel the satisfaction of hitting a target as quickly as possible. Pg. 20
Eye Dominance 1.Extend your arms in front of you and create a small triangular opening with your hands. Select a small object more than 20 feet away and center it in the opening that you have created with your hands. Close your right eye; if the object stays in view then you are left-eye dominant. If it does not then you are right-eye dominant. 2.Extend your arms in front of you and create an opening similar to the one you made in the last test. Again find a small object and center it in the opening. This time, bring your hands towards your head while keeping the object centered in the opening. The opening will come to rest over your dominant eye. 3.Align a distant object with your forefinger. Alternate closing your eyes. If your finger is still aligned with the object when you close your right eye, you are left-eye dominant; if your finger is still aligned with the object when you close your left eye then you are right-eye dominant. Pg. 22 *Pair off and work together to test the identification of eye dominance.
Shooting Shoulder Recommend using the same shoulder that matched the shooters eye dominance. Discuss examples of what occurs when they shoot with the incorrect shoulder. Pg. 23
Breathing Breathing causes the body to move and will affect the position and sight alignment. – Before Firing: Relax and get comfortable (NPA) Exhale and stop breathing Take the shot within 8 to 10 seconds or repeat Pg. 23
Sight Alignment Sight Alignment: The relationship of the front and rear sights to the eye. Misalignments of sights will cause an angular error that increases exponentially with distance. Sight Picture: The relationship of the Front and rear sight with the Target. Pg. 23
Trigger Squeeze Trigger Squeeze- The manner in which pressure is applied to the trigger. – Also known as Trigger control, Trigger pull, Trigger press, and Trigger movement. – Finger placement: On the pad of the finger between the tip and the joint. – Squeeze the trigger straight back in a smooth and continuous manner without disturbing sight alignment. Pg. 23
Follow Through Follow Through is the term used to continue everything you were doing as the shot was fired. This is a great way to mitigate any unwanted movement or deviation in the BBs flight path. Pg. 23
Learning a Shooting Position 5 Steps for learning a shooting position: 1.Study the position. 2.Practice the positions without a gun. 3.Practice the position with a gun. 4.Align the position properly with the Target, Adjust the position so that the gun points naturally at the target. 5.Shoot from the position. Pg.23
Shooting positions 1.Free Standing 2.Prone Position 3.Kneeling Position 4.Sitting Position Pg. 23
Sighting & Scoring Targets The instructor should zero all bb guns before the range is used for the first time. Note: you are not being trained today on this skill; if a bb gun is grossly misaligned, tag it for repair but do not attempt adjustment if you are not qualified. The correct sight picture and alignment is a 6 oclock hold. Adjust sights to achieve the 10-ring. When properly aligned; fire a minimum of three shots onto a final target for a sighting record. Put the BB gun number on the target, sign and date it, and post it on the range bulletin board. Pg. 26
Range Commands ON THE FIRING LINE IS THE LINE READY NOT READY THE LINE IS NOT READY THE LINE IS READY LOAD READY ON THE FIRING LINE COMMENCE FIRING CEASE FIRING – CLEAR ALL GUNS CEASE FIRING AS YOU WERE CARRY ON Pg. 31
Basic Shooting Activity 1.Greet the participants 2.Bring the Participants onto the range. Stand behind position and explain shooters & coaches. 3.Show the gun and say, This is a BB Gun 4.Point to the Barrel and say, This is the Barrel 5.Point to the Muzzle and say, This is the muzzle. It is the end the BB comes out. Safety message: Always Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction. Pg. 26
Basic Shooting Activity 6.Point to the Action and say, This is the Action. It has the Trigger or the part you squeeze to shoot. Safety message: Always Keep your finger off the Trigger until you are ready to shoot. 7.Say, The Action also has the chamber where you put the BB gun to load. Safety message: Always Keep the gun unloaded until ready for use. Note: different models of air gun load points vary; for the NFC rifles, the Red Ryder loads from the side of the barrel aside the muzzle. 8.Point to the Stock and Say, This is the Stock. demonstrate how to properly hold the gun. Pg. 26
Basic Shooting Activity 9.Say, you will use the free-arm standing position like this. strike-through in your books for NFC. 10.Have everyone on the range put on eye protection. 11.Say, Shooters, please move forward at my command. The give the command, ON THE FIRING LINE. 12.Shooter assumes the shooting position. 13.Have shooters pick up their guns, keeping them pointed in a safe direction down range. 14.Have shooters again assume the shooting position, this time with the gun, and look through the sights. Explain how the sights are used. Pg. 26
Basic Shooting Activity 15.Once all shooters know how to assume the shooting position and how to properly hold the gun, explain and demonstrate how to charge the gun. 16.Have shooters pick up ONE BB and load it into the chamber. (explain the steps). Close and ready the gun. 17.Return to your shooting position. Note that everyone can make ready and load the gun. 18.Give the Command, Ready on the firing Line. 19.When shooters are in the Ready position, give your command Commence Firing. Shoot all your five shots. Pg. 26
Basic Shooting Activity 20.Watch for Safety and help as needed. 21.Give the command Cease Firing at any time its needed. Everyone is to immediately stop shooting. If a shooter has a loaded gun; they need to raise their hand and notify the RSO or Rangemaster. 22.Give the Command Clear all guns have everyone clear their gun. 23.Explain and Demonstrate how to make a Gun Safe. Explain how to ground the gun for position and range. 24.Have shooters and coaches switch position (if applicable). 25.Repeat from Step 10. Pg. 26
BB Gun Shooting Games /Activity Games are listed in the Shooting Sports for Cub Scouting guide. – Remember that Prone position is the only supported position in North Florida Council; so most of these games do not apply. – If you intend to use/ promote a game at your day camp; it must obey all shooting sport rules and guidelines. Pg. 26
Tiger Cubs & BB gun shooting Adult/ Akela partner required. Tigers – Have Short Attention Span (20-30 min.) – Tire Easily – Little to no experience with rifles – More time may be required for demonstration & rules/ safety brief. – Tigers are eligible to earn the BB Beltloop & Pin. Pg. 21
Cub Scout Shooting Award A blank award form no.34216 that is used for: – Achievement in level of marksmanship – Achievement in Excellence – Special Circumstances (TBD by RSO or BB- Rangemaster). – Proficiency – Sportsmanship Pg. 28
BB Gun Shooting Belt Loop Complete three requirements. 1.Explain the rules for safe BB gun shooting you have learned to your leader or adult partner. 2.Demonstrate to your leader or adult partner good BB gun shooting techniques, including eye dominance, shooting shoulder, breathing, sight alignment, trigger squeeze, and follow-through. 3.Practice shooting at your district or council camp for the time allowed. Pg.29
BB Gun Shooting Sports Pin 1.Explain the parts of a gun and demonstrate how to properly load the gun. 2.Demonstrate the shooting positions. 3.Develop proficient shooting techniques by practicing for three hours. 4.Learn the correct scoring techniques for target BB gun shooting 5.Make a poster that emphasizes the proper range commands 6.Draw to scale or set up a BB gun shooting range. 7.Show improvement in your shooting ability with an increase in scoring points. 8.Help make a type of target for camp BB gun shooting range. 9.Show how to put away and properly store BB gun shooting equipment after use. 10.Explain how to use the safety mechanism on a BB gun. 11.Tell five Facts about the history of BB guns. Pg. 29
Links for additional information Daisy Red Ryder owners manual: – http://daisy.com/_manuals/spring_air_english.pdf http://daisy.com/_manuals/spring_air_english.pdf Guide to Safe Scouting: – http://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/HealthandS afety/GSS/toc.aspx http://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/HealthandS afety/GSS/toc.aspx
Additional Training Archery Rangemaster Training Trainers EDGE Woodbadge First Aid & CPR NRA Instructor Training – Rifle, Shotgun, Muzzle-loading, Pistol, Range Safety Officer.
Practical Exercise Every Rangemaster Student must: – Fire the BB gun. – Demonstrate and participate in a BB Shooting range setup. – Identify the equipment within the Range Kit. – Work the Control Station, The Ready Bench, and the Firing Line. – Explain the Prone Shooting position, sight picture, and sight alignment – Recite the 3 Safety rules – Demonstrate the trigger pull test. Outside