3 Introduction to Cub Scout Shooting Sports Pg. 1“Safety through Skill”Archery & BB Gun are restricted to:Day CampCub Scout/ Webelos Scout Resident CampsCouncil Managed family Camping Programs (Cuboree)Council ActivitiesNot to be performed at the Pack/ Den level.
4 Introduction continued Pg. 1By providing fun and adventure, Archery and BB gun programs teach:SkillsDisciplineSelf relianceSportsmanshipConservation
5 Always – Always - Always The Three Rules…Pg. 21ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready for use.Always – Always - Always
6 Training Outline Section I (40 minutes) Pg. 20Section I (40 minutes)Brief History of BB Guns (pg. 19)Safety Guidelines (pg. 21)Safety Reminders (pg. 22)What Causes Gun Accidents (pg. 22)Equipment (pg. 32)Review Air Guns, Air Compression mechanisms, Safety devices, air gun ammunition, target faces, and backstops.Review how to maintain, store, and care for equipment.
7 Training Outline Section II (40 minutes) Range Layout (pg. 29) Range Operation Rules (pg. 31)
8 Training Outline Section III (40 minutes) Training Cub Scouts (pg. 20) Teaching Tips (pg. 20)BB Gun Shooting Basics (pg. 22)Eye Dominance (pg. 23)Shooting Shoulder (pg. 23)Breathing (pg. 23)Sight Alignment (pg. 23)Trigger Squeeze (pg. 23)Follow Through (pg. 23)Equipment (pg. 32)Review Air Guns, Air Compression mechanisms, Safety devices, air gun ammunition, target faces, and backstops.Review how to maintain, store, and care for equipment.
9 Training Outline Section III continued Shooting Positions (pg. 23) Free-Arm Standing Position (pg. 24)Prone Position (pg. 24)Kneeling Position (pg. 25)Sitting Position (pg. 25)Sighting and Scoring (pg. 26)Range Commands (pg. 31)Practice Shooting (moving to end of agenda)
10 Training Outline Section IV Basic Shooting Activity (pg.26) BB Gun Shooting Games and Activities (pg. 26)Tiger Cubs and BB Gun Shooting (page 21)Cub Scout Shooting Sports Award (pg. 28)BB Gun Shooting Belt Loop and Sports Pin (pg.29)
11 Leadership - Requirements Pg. 19National BSA:Must be at least 18 years old – (Local council policy may be different)Be trained by a National Camping School-training Shooting Sport director or a National Rifle Association (NRA) instructor.Must complete a minimum of two hour courseCertification must be renewed every two yearsNorth Florida Council:Must be at least 21 years oldMust be specially trained by a National Rifle Association (NRA) instructor.Must successfully complete a two hour courseCertification must be renewed every two years, or sooner if retraining is deemed necessary due to safety
13 Brief History of BB Guns Pg.191580 – the bellows gun is the earliest known air-powered gun.A few decades later, the first pneumatic (pump-up) air gun was created in France.Late 1700’s some units of the Austrian army were equipped with air rifles.1800’s Lewis and Clark had an air gun for hunting.1885 – The Markham Air Rifle Company became one of the first companies to sell BB guns.1895 – A company called Daisy started making air rifles fulltime1984 – The Olympic Games featured air guns for the first time.Today, BB guns are still being produced in both rifle and pistol forms.
14 Safety Guidelines Before using a gun: Pg. 21Before using a gun:Always get permission from your parent or guardian.Always have an adult present when you use a gun.Know how the gun works and how to use it.Always be sure of your target and what is beyond the target.Always wear eye protection (and ear if applicable)Never reuse BB’s
15 Safety Guidelines – The Basic Rules Pg. 21Always keep gun pointed in a safe directionAlways keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shootAlways keep the gun unloaded until ready to useKnow how to use a gun safelyBe sure the gun is safe to operateUse only the correct ammunition for the gunWear eye protectionNever use Alcohol or drugs before or when shootingA safety is a mechanical deviceEar protection may be wornKnow your target and what is beyond the targetStore guns so they are not accessible to any unauthorized person
16 What Causes Gun Accidents? Pg. 22Ignorance – A lack of knowledge Carelessness – Failure to use knowledge
17 STOP! DON’T TOUCH! LEAVE THE AREA! TELL AN ADULT! Safety RemindersPg. 22What Should a Scout do if he finds a gun in another place?STOP! DON’T TOUCH! LEAVE THE AREA! TELL AN ADULT!
18 Sun Safety on the Shooting Range Pg. 22Limit Exposure to Sun between 10AM and 4PM when the Sun’s rays are strongest.Generously apply sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 and reapply every 2 hours when outdoors, even on cloudy days.Wear protective, tightly woven clothing, such as a long-sleeved shirt and pants.Wear a 4-inch-wide broad-brimmed hat and sunglasses with UV protective lenses.Stay in the shade whenever possible.Avoid reflective surfaces, which can reflect up to 85% of the Sun’s damaging rays.
19 EquipmentPg. 321 range – 50 foot range with eight firing points 15 feet from firing line to targetBB GunsTargetsBB’sBackstopA set of 17-by-22inch instruction wall charts10 safety glassesRed Flag*North Florida Council: Please note the equipment list is included in your Day Camp Trailer; please be sure to do your inventory and test the equipment.
21 Air Guns Spring-Piston Pneumatic Pump Compressed Single Stroke Pg. 32Spring-PistonPneumaticPumpSingle StrokeMulti-pumpCompressedCO2Compressed air: SCUBA tank-filled
22 Air Gun – Compression Mechanisms Pg. 33Methods for compressing air for Spring-piston and Pneumatic single/ multi pump air guns:Break-barrel (aka barrel cocking)Over-leverUnder-leverSide-leverSlide
23 Ammunition Five types of air gun ammunition: Use the BB’s provided. Pg.33Five types of air gun ammunition:PelletsLead ballsDartsBoltsBB’sUse the BB’s provided.Do not reuse BB’s, do not use rusted BB’s
24 Equipment & storagePg. 33Equipment needs to be kept in proper working condition.All supplies should be checked to ensure the yare in good condition: target backstops, mats, and all ancillary accessories.Tag and notify if any equipment is found defective.Equipment should be stored daily to protect from theft, weather, and rodents.
25 How to Access North Florida Council Day Camp Equipment Standard Day Camp Trailer LoadDay Camp Director Coordinates with CouncilAll Day Camp equipment is stored at Camp Echockotee.
26 Maintenance Follow the Owners Manual for your rifle. Pg. 29Follow the Owners Manual for your rifle.For North Florida Council:Trigger pulls are taken before use by Day Camp Rangemaster, and at the end of day camp.At the end of Day Camp (or every 1000 shots), 3 drops of ordinary motor oil. Rangemasters are required do the check on the equipment. Rangemasters are responsible to assure that the guns they are using function according to BSA standards and at the end of Day Camp they will do the trigger pull in order to assure that the guns are empty.Any non functioning gun is tagged for repair. Please do not put non-functional equipment back in the box leaving a problem for the next Rangemaster.Note: Trigger pull is validate with a trigger pull gauge. It is recorded and documented in a log book. Per Rule 63a of the National Standards of Cub Scout/Boy Scout/ Venture; the trigger pull shall not be less that 3lbs.
31 Range Operation RulesPg. 31If the range is outdoors, fly a red flag when in use.BB’s will be issued to shooters; must remain in clear sight.Shooters will be instructed what to do for misfires and malfunctions.BB gun Position; how it should be left in position.Cease firing command steps.Steps to follow for shooters and targets.No one allowed ahead of firing line after Load command.No one is allowed on firing line except shooter and coach.Horseplay strictly forbidden.All BB guns not in use are placed in racks unloaded.* Please be sure to read the Range Operation Rules in their entirety on page 31.
32 BB Gun Shooting Range Rules Pg. 31The range may be opened on by a certified BB gun shooting range officer.All commands issued by the range officer must be obeyed immediately.Stay Behind the firing Line. Do not straddle a firing line.Do not pick up a gun unless told to by the range officer.Absolutely no running on the range.No Horseplay or unnecessary talking on the range.If in doubt about these rules, as your leader or range officer for advice and help.
34 Training Cub Scouts How to use a BB gun safely Pg. 20How to use a BB gun safelyTeach Basic BB gun shooting skillsHave Fun!The Instructor is responsible for safety before, during, and after instruction and practice.Have warmth, patience, and understanding for those having difficulty with this skill.
35 Teaching TipsPg. 20Put the BB Gun in the Cub Scouts hands as soon as possible so he can understand the BB gun while basics are explained.Group participants together (boy and parent/ guardian would be ideal)The Instructor demonstrates the activity or action to be followed before the whole group.
36 Teaching Tips continued Pg. 20The boy practices while the parent coaches.Use a positive approach.Avoid long discussions on the parts of equipment used.Allow each boy to feel the satisfaction of hitting a target as quickly as possible.
38 Eye DominancePg. 22Extend your arms in front of you and create a small triangular opening with your hands. Select a small object more than 20 feet away and center it in the opening that you have created with your hands. Close your right eye; if the object stays in view then you are left-eye dominant. If it does not then you are right-eye dominant.Extend your arms in front of you and create an opening similar to the one you made in the last test. Again find a small object and center it in the opening. This time, bring your hands towards your head while keeping the object centered in the opening. The opening will come to rest over your dominant eye.Align a distant object with your forefinger. Alternate closing your eyes. If your finger is still aligned with the object when you close your right eye, you are left-eye dominant; if your finger is still aligned with the object when you close your left eye then you are right-eye dominant.*Pair off and work together to test the identification of eye dominance.
39 Shooting ShoulderPg. 23Recommend using the same shoulder that matched the shooters eye dominance.Discuss examples of what occurs when they shoot with the incorrect shoulder.
40 BreathingPg. 23Breathing causes the body to move and will affect the position and sight alignment.Before Firing:Relax and get comfortable (NPA)Exhale and stop breathingTake the shot within 8 to 10 seconds or repeat
41 Sight AlignmentPg. 23Sight Alignment: The relationship of the front and rear sights to the eye.Misalignments of sights will cause an angular error that increases exponentially with distance.Sight Picture: The relationship of the Front and rear sight with the Target.
42 Trigger SqueezePg. 23Trigger Squeeze- The manner in which pressure is applied to the trigger.Also known as Trigger control, Trigger pull, Trigger press, and Trigger movement.Finger placement:On the pad of the finger between the tip and the joint.Squeeze the trigger straight back in a smooth and continuous manner without disturbing sight alignment.
43 Follow ThroughPg. 23Follow Through is the term used to continue everything you were doing as the shot was fired.This is a great way to mitigate any unwanted movement or deviation in the BB’s flight path.
44 Learning a Shooting Position Pg.235 Steps for learning a shooting position:Study the position.Practice the positions without a gun.Practice the position with a gun.Align the position properly with the Target, Adjust the position so that the gun points naturally at the target.Shoot from the position.
45 Shooting positions Free Standing Prone Position Kneeling Position Pg. 23Free StandingProne PositionKneeling PositionSitting Position
50 Sighting & Scoring Targets Pg. 26The instructor should zero all bb guns before the range is used for the first time.Note: you are not being trained today on this skill; if a bb gun is grossly misaligned, tag it for repair but do not attempt adjustment if you are not qualified.The correct sight picture and alignment is a 6 o’clock hold.Adjust sights to achieve the 10-ring.When properly aligned; fire a minimum of three shots onto a final target for a sighting record. Put the BB gun number on the target, sign and date it, and post it on the range bulletin board.
51 Range Commands ON THE FIRING LINE” “IS THE LINE READY” “NOT READY” Pg. 31ON THE FIRING LINE”“IS THE LINE READY”“NOT READY”“THE LINE IS NOT READY”“THE LINE IS READY”“LOAD”“READY ON THE FIRING LINE”“COMMENCE FIRING”“CEASE FIRING – CLEAR ALL GUNS”“CEASE FIRING”“AS YOU WERE”“CARRY ON”
53 Basic Shooting Activity Pg. 26Greet the participantsBring the Participants onto the range. Stand behind position and explain shooters & coaches.Show the gun and say, “This is a BB Gun”Point to the Barrel and say, “This is the Barrel”Point to the Muzzle and say, “This is the muzzle. It is the end the BB comes out.”Safety message: Always Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
54 Basic Shooting Activity Pg. 26Point to the Action and say, “This is the Action. It has the Trigger or the part you squeeze to shoot.”Safety message: Always Keep your finger off the Trigger until you are ready to shoot.Say, “The Action also has the chamber where you put the BB gun to load”.Safety message: Always Keep the gun unloaded until ready for use.Note: different models of air gun load points vary; for the NFC rifles, the Red Ryder loads from the side of the barrel aside the muzzle.Point to the Stock and Say, “This is the Stock.” demonstrate how to properly hold the gun.
55 Basic Shooting Activity Pg. 26Say, “you will use the free-arm standing position like this.” strike-through in your books for NFC.Have everyone on the range put on eye protection.Say, “Shooters, please move forward at my command.” The give the command, “ON THE FIRING LINE.”Shooter assumes the shooting position.Have shooters pick up their guns, keeping them pointed in a safe direction down range.Have shooters again assume the shooting position, this time with the gun, and look through the sights. Explain how the sights are used.
56 Basic Shooting Activity Pg. 26Once all shooters know how to assume the shooting position and how to properly hold the gun, explain and demonstrate how to charge the gun.Have shooters pick up ONE BB and load it into the chamber. (explain the steps). Close and ready the gun.Return to your shooting position. Note that everyone can make ready and load the gun.Give the Command, “Ready on the firing Line”.When shooters are in the Ready position, give your command “Commence Firing”. Shoot all your five shots.
57 Basic Shooting Activity Pg. 26Watch for Safety and help as needed.Give the command “Cease Firing” at any time it’s needed. Everyone is to immediately stop shooting.If a shooter has a loaded gun; they need to raise their hand and notify the RSO or Rangemaster.Give the Command “Clear all guns” have everyone clear their gun.Explain and Demonstrate how to make a Gun Safe. Explain how to ground the gun for position and range.Have shooters and coaches switch position (if applicable).Repeat from Step 10.
58 BB Gun Shooting Games /Activity Pg. 26Games are listed in the Shooting Sports for Cub Scouting guide.Remember that Prone position is the only supported position in North Florida Council; so most of these games do not apply.If you intend to use/ promote a game at your day camp; it must obey all shooting sport rules and guidelines.
59 Tiger Cubs & BB gun shooting Pg. 21Adult/ Akela partner required.TigersHave Short Attention Span (20-30 min.)Tire EasilyLittle to no experience with riflesMore time may be required for demonstration & rules/ safety brief.Tigers are eligible to earn the BB Beltloop & Pin.
60 Cub Scout Shooting Award Pg. 28A blank award form no that is used for:Achievement in level of marksmanshipAchievement in ExcellenceSpecial Circumstances (TBD by RSO or BB-Rangemaster).ProficiencySportsmanship
61 BB Gun Shooting Belt Loop Pg.29Complete three requirements.Explain the rules for safe BB gun shooting you have learned to your leader or adult partner.Demonstrate to your leader or adult partner good BB gun shooting techniques, including eye dominance, shooting shoulder, breathing, sight alignment, trigger squeeze, and follow-through.Practice shooting at your district or council camp for the time allowed.
62 BB Gun Shooting Sports Pin Pg. 29Explain the parts of a gun and demonstrate how to properly load the gun.Demonstrate the shooting positions.Develop proficient shooting techniques by practicing for three hours.Learn the correct scoring techniques for target BB gun shootingMake a poster that emphasizes the proper range commandsDraw to scale or set up a BB gun shooting range.Show improvement in your shooting ability with an increase in scoring points.Help make a type of target for camp BB gun shooting range.Show how to put away and properly store BB gun shooting equipment after use.Explain how to use the safety mechanism on a BB gun.Tell five Facts about the history of BB guns.
63 Links for additional information Daisy Red Ryder owners manual:Guide to Safe Scouting:
64 Additional Training Archery Rangemaster Training Trainers EDGE WoodbadgeFirst Aid & CPRNRA Instructor TrainingRifle, Shotgun, Muzzle-loading, Pistol, Range Safety Officer.
66 Practical Exercise Every Rangemaster Student must: Fire the BB gun. OutsideEvery Rangemaster Student must:Fire the BB gun.Demonstrate and participate in a BB Shooting range setup.Identify the equipment within the Range Kit.Work the Control Station, The Ready Bench, and the Firing Line.Explain the Prone Shooting position, sight picture, and sight alignmentRecite the 3 Safety rulesDemonstrate the trigger pull test.