Presentation on theme: "Sports and athletics can teach us how to develop individual skills, become effective members of a team and to compete and win gracefully. Sometimes a."— Presentation transcript:
Sports and athletics can teach us how to develop individual skills, become effective members of a team and to compete and win gracefully. Sometimes a sport or a player effects us beyond the enjoyment of the game. This study will focus on just that. We will see how baseball and Jackie Robinson transformed the world. Theres not an American in This Country Free Until Everyone of Us is Free Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson was the ballplayer who broke the unwritten rule that kept black athletes out of the major leagues for sixty years. Baseball was a segregated sport until the mid- 1940s when Robinson, prompted by daring team executive Branch Rickey, broke the color barrier.
Robinson endured many challenges to prove his ability as an athlete. He was accepted as an important contributor to the sport. He defended and upheld the dignity of his race.
Students will be able to (SWBAT): 1.Describe the social conditions of the era 2.Analyze the path taken by Robinson to become a major league player 3.Analyze and evaluate Robinsons role in social change by examining primary and secondary sources, participating in a gallery walk & discussions, and responding to writing prompts.
Based on a character from minstrel shows between the 1830s and 1840s Segregation enjoyed legal protection from the 1880s-1960s. These laws, or black codes, were enacted by many states and some cities. Forbade intermarriage, service in public and private facilities, playing amateur baseball near negro parks, etc.
Students will list three Jim Crow laws and trade with three other students In a whip-around, students will share one with the class. A short class debrief concludes the activity.
My Ideas in complete sentences- 1.________________________________________________ 2.________________________________________________ 3.________________________________________________ My Partners Ideas- Speak with three other students and add one new idea from each person. 1.(name)____________ Idea__________________________ 2.(name)____________ Idea__________________________ 3.(name)____________ Idea__________________________ Write down one new idea from the class discussion ____________________________________________________
Began in the depths of The Great Depression FDR and WWII With men at war, women and minorities enjoyed economic gains Postwar euphoria
Segregation continues to affect many ethnic groups. Baseball thrives as Americas past time. Blacks play ball in the Negro Leagues.
Women play ball in a League of Their Own. Quick Write- Describe the historical context that gave the opportunity for women to play baseball in the early 1940s.
Born Jan. 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia Youngest of five children, raised in poverty by a single mother Attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College Played four sports- football, basketball, track and field, baseball
Transferred to UCLA to continue athletics First student to earn letters in four sports Played semi-pro football in Hawaii in 1941
Served as 2 nd lieutenant in U.S. Army from 1942-1944 Court-martialed for refusing to move to the back of a segregated bus during training Later acquitted and received an honorable discharge in 1944
Began his professional career with the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro Leagues Signed a minor league contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1945 Played his first game with the Montreal Royals in 1946
Dodger president who signed Jackie to his first minor and major league contracts Scouted and hand-picked Jackie Prepped Jackie for the difficult times ahead Continued to mentor Jackie for the rest of his life; Jackie never missed an opportunity to praise and thank Mr. Rickey for his support
The player conspiracy Spring training alone Slow start- 0 for 24 Racial slurs, taunts and a little chin music Quick Write: How do sports and entertainment mirror society?
Winning the respect of teammates Hate mail, death threats and more Success! National League Rookie of the Year and an appearance in the 1947 World Series
10 year major leaguer, all with Dodgers 1947 Rookie of the Year 1949 Most Valuable Player 6 World Series appearances (1955) 14 All-Star game appearances 1962 Hall of Fame Inductee
Retired in 1956 after refusing a trade to the New York Giants Chock Full O Nuts Board member of NAACP The ballot and the buck
Freedom National Bank Campaigning for Richard Nixon Work with MLK, Jr. Quick Write: How would you evaluate Jackie Robinson as an American citizen?
Passed away October 24, 1972 at age of 53 Enabled black players to play in the majors Advocate for political rights and economic opportunities for black men and women Demanded more coaching and executive opportunities for blacks in baseball
Autobiography, I Never Had It Made Beloved family carries on MLB Channel Jackie Robinson Studio Jackie Robinson Stadium, UCLA Jackie Robinson Foundation