Presentation on theme: "The Paralympics and Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities An Introduction to Eligibility and Classification."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Paralympics and Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities An Introduction to Eligibility and Classification
2 This presentation will tell you.... About what the term ‘intellectual disability’ meansWhere people with intellectual disabilities (ID) fit into the ParalympicsHow a person with ID becomes eligible to compete in Paralympic level eventsWhat ‘classification’ means for athletes with ID in the Paralympics
3 What does having an intellectual disability mean? People across the world use different words to mean the same thing. Such as learning disabilities and learning disability, mental retardation, developmental disabilities and previously mental handicap.But, what does it actually mean?Intellectual disability means a significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information and to learn and apply new skills (impaired intelligence). This results in a reduced ability to cope independently (impaired social functioning), and begins before adulthood, with a lasting effect on development, (World Health Organisation)However, most people tend to prefer the term intellectual disability or intellectual impairment
4 Where do people with intellectual disabilities (ID) fit into the Paralympics? This means that athletes with intellectual impairments will only compete against other athletes with intellectual impairmentsThe Paralympic Movement offers sporting opportunities for athletes who have a primary impairment belonging to one of 10 ‘eligible’ impairment typesIntellectual Impairment is one of the 10 impairment groupsThe word “Paralympic” derives from “para” (beside or alongside) and “Olympic” and illustrates how the two movements exist side-by-side.The Paralympics is for elite athletes who have a disability and want to compete at the highest level of competitionLearn about the history of the Paralympic movement
5 How does a person with ID become eligible to compete at Paralympic level events? IndividualAn individual athlete must have an assessment by a psychologistA report saying if they meet the eligibility criteria is producedNationEach Nation has a National Eligibility OfficerThey must check the information and sign that the report is authentic and send to InasInasInas is the organisation which governs the ‘master list’ of eligible athletes2-3 independent psychologists on the Inas eligibility committee scrutinise the evidence and agree if the person does or does not meet the eligibility criteria
6 What are the ‘eligibility criteria’? The eligibility criteria are taken from the World Health Definition of Intellectual Disabilities. Detailed guidance is available onSignificant impairment in intellectualfunctioning. A full scale IQ score of below 75Significant limitations in adaptivebehaviour as expressed in conceptual,social, and practical adaptive skillsIntellectual disability must be evidentduring the developmental period, whichis from conception to 18 years of age
7 What does ‘classification’ mean for athletes with ID in the Paralympics? To ensure competition is fair and equal, all Paralympic sports have a classification system in place which ensures that winning is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus, the same factors that account for success in sport for able bodied athletes. The purpose of classification is to minimise the impact of impairments on the competition outcome (http://www.paralympic.org/Classification/Introduction)
8 What does ‘classification’ mean for athletes with ID in the Paralympics? An example of this would be a person who has a left hand amputation, but is an excellent right handed pistol shot and an excellent swimmer, with pistol shooting he may qualify for the Olympics but in swimming he may qualify for the ParalympicsThe impairment must be shown to impact on the performance of that specific sportWhy?I see, so classification is needed to show that having an ID will impair your ability to play the sportEven though a person with an ID may demonstrate that they have the initial impairment they still have to go through classificationYou got it!
9 Sports Classification What does ‘classification’ mean for athletes with ID in the Paralympics?Initial EligibilitySports ClassificationConfirmed as eligible for that sports class at Paralympic sanctioned events
10 Sports Classification – rules and regulations Sports classification is governed by the International Sports Federation for that sport. For Swimming and Athletics this is the IPC, for Table Tennis ITTFEach Federation will have their own ‘Classification Rules and Regulations’ which will describe the process of classification for that sport e.g. Athletics seeFor Paralympic competition these procedures must adhere to the IPC ‘Classification Code’ see
11 Sports classification for athletes with intellectual disabilities This will consist of two or possibly three componentsIt will always consist ofCompleting the Sport Cognitive Test BatteryIn competition observationThe third component will be Sports Specific Tests. This will be the case for Athletics and Table Tennis, but not swimming where additional analysis takes place through observation
12 Sports Class Status New Review Confirmed The athlete has been classified before and does not need to undergo evaluation againThe athlete has been classified before but must be assessed againAthlete not been classified beforeNewReviewConfirmedAll athletes must be assessed at least twice before being ‘Confirmed’
13 More information – click on these websites The International Paralympic Committee…….Or see the next slide for more resources including videos and PowerPoint presentations
14 Resources – just click on the links Hear from the Athletes themselvesWatch a video about what it is like to be a classifierMore resources
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