Presentation on theme: "Muscle Juice Sport Supplement Safety"— Presentation transcript:
1Muscle Juice Sport Supplement Safety James R. Ginder, MS,NREMT,PI,CHES,NCEEHamilton County Health DepartmentHealth Education SpecialistReview By: Brain Clarke, NSCA-CSCSHead Strength CoordinatorNoblesville High School
2The Reader Will Be Able To.. List three types of supplements.Recall how to read a supplement label.Define what a supplement is.Identify three negative effects of supplement use.Review other ways to be healthy without the use of supplements.
3Before You Take A Supplement Talk to your healthcare provider to see which one fits your needs.Make sure that you read the label before taking the product.Overdose could occur if you take too much of a supplement.
4What Are Sports Supplements? They are products used to enhance athletic performance that may include:VitaminsMineralsAmino acidsHerbsBotanicals (plants)
5What Are Sports Supplements? Supplements or ergogenic aids, consist of substances, drugs, procedures and even devices that are intended to improve athletic performance.Some of these substances are naturally occurring, easily available and completely legal while others are manufactured, illegal, or banned by many sporting organizations.
6History of Supplements Ergogenic used by athletes to improve athletic performance is not a new practice.As early as 776 BC, the Greek Olympians used substances, such as mushrooms, dried figs, and strychnine, to enhance performance.
7Policies On Sport Supplements Sports organizations have developed policies on sports supplements.The National Football League (NFL), the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) have banned the use of steroids, ephedra, and androstenedione by their athletes, and competitors who use them face fines, ineligibility, and suspension from their sports.
8Fairness In SportsThere is concern about the fairness regarding ergogenic aids, especially supplements, because using them gives the athlete an unfair advantage.This violates the spirit of fair play in athletics.The American Academy of Pediatrics state, “The intentional use of any substance for performance enhancement is unfair and, therefore, morally and ethically indefensible” .
9American Academy Of Pediatrics The American Academy of Pediatrics cautions that using supplements may undermine proper nutrition, coaching and training.If someone takes a supplement, they may think it is “OK” to use that instead of good old sweat and hard work. This sends the wrong message to kids.
10National Federation Of State High School Associations The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) strongly recommends that student athletes consult with their doctor before taking any supplement.
11Why Do Teens Take Performance-enhancing Supplements? Some teens experiment with performance-enhancing supplements as a way to cope with insecurities, the difficulties of fitting in with a group of peers or a desire for independence.Others may be influenced by societal pressure to win at all costs.
12Why Do Teens Take Performance-enhancing Supplements? Common risk factors for teen use of performance-enhancing supplements include:A desire to gain muscle mass or strengthA negative body image or a tendency to compare one's appearance with othersPressure from parents or peers regarding weight or musclesBeing male — boys are more likely to use performance-enhancing drugs than are girls
13Supplements And FDASports supplements are considered a dietary supplement.Dietary supplements do not require U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval before they come on the market.Supplement manufacturers do have to follow the FDA's current good manufacturing practices to ensure quality and safety of their product though.
14Examples Of Supplements Amino AcidsAndrostendioneCaffeineCreatineFat BurnersNitric OxideProtein powderYohimbe
15Amino Acids Are the building blocks of protein. Twenty amino acids are needed to build the various proteins used in the growth, repair, and maintenance of body tissues.Eleven of these amino acids can be made by the body itself, while the other nine (called essential amino acids) must come from the diet.Foods of animal origin and plants are the richest dietary sources of essential amino acids.
16Amino AcidsAmino acids improve endurance, physical fitness and build muscle mass.If a person would like to build more muscle mass, they should eat foods high in amino acids.Taking too much amino acid supplement can cause major health effects on the body.
17Side Effects Of Amino Acids Restlessness, anxietyRapid heartbeatIf you have liver or kidney disease, Amino Acids supplements should never be taken.Depression (Stress-related tension)Muscle aches
18Side Effects Of Amino Acids NauseaDiarrheaHeadachePossible strokeWeakness and fatigueBleeding
19AndrostenedioneAndrostenedione (andro) is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, ovaries and testes.It is a hormone that is normally converted to testosterone and estradiol in both men and women.
20AndrostenedioneManufacturers and bodybuilding magazines tout its ability to allow “athletes to train harder and recover more quickly”.However, its use as a performance-enhancing drug is illegal in the United States.
21Side Effects Of Androstenedione Side effects of andro in men include:AcneDiminished sperm productionShrinking of the testiclesEnlargement of the breastsIn women, side effects include:Masculinization, such as deepening of the voice and male-pattern baldnessIn both men and women, andro can decrease HDL cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol), which puts you at greater risk of heart attack and stroke.
22CaffeineCaffeine is a stimulant drug that is widely used to improve both high intensity and endurance exercise performance.Caffeine stimulates muscle contraction more effectively.Caffeine can be found in many types of supplements.
23Caffeine Is Used For “Enhanced endurance exercise performance” Enhanced sprint/short-term exercise performanceEnhanced metabolic rateIncreased rate of fat metabolismEnhanced fat lossImproved short-term mental function
24Side Effects Of Caffeine InsomniaNervousness and restlessnessStomach irritationNausea and vomitingIncreased heart rate, respiration and blood pressureStroke
25Side Effects Of Caffeine Headache, anxietyAgitationChest painRinging in the earsDeath
26CreatinePeople who take creatine usually take it to improve strength, but the long-term and short-term effects of creatine use haven't been studied in teens and kids.Researchers found no effect on athletic performance in nearly a third of athletes studied.
27CreatineCreatine is manufactured by the body in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas.It also occurs naturally in foods such as meat and fish.Creatine supplements are available over the counter, and teens make up a large portion of the supplement's users.
28Creatine Side EffectsThe most common side effects of creatine supplements include:Weight gainMuscle crampsDiarrhea and abdominal painPeople with kidney problems should not use creatine because it may affect kidney function.The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that people younger than 18 years old do not use creatine.
29Fat BurnersKnown as thermogenics were often made with an herb called ephedra, also known as ephedrine or ma huang, which acts as a stimulant and increases metabolism.Evidence has shown that it can cause heart problems, stroke, and occasionally even death.Because athletes and others have died using this supplement, ephedra has been taken off the market.
30Fat BurnersSince the ban, "ephedra-free" products have emerged, but they often contain ingredients with ephedra-like properties, including bitter orange or country mallow.Similar to ephedra, these supplements can cause high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, and seizures.
31Nitric Oxide Taken in powder or pill from Taken to gain muscle mass This supplement is used for “faster recovery” from workouts“Better Endurance”
32What Does Nitric Oxide Do Nitric oxide signals the blood vessels to expand, thereby increasing the flow of blood to muscles. With increased blood flow, the muscles are provided with greater amounts of nutrients, protein, and valuable oxygen.
33Side Effects Of Nitric Oxide Excessive bleedingLow blood pressureDiarrheaWeaknessNauseaHeadaches
34Side Effects Of Nitric Oxide Water retentionIncreased heart rate & palpitationsFatigueSkin irritationsDry mouthKidney damage
35Protein PowdersProtein powders that are available on the market are made from either:EggSoyWheyRiceOrganic whey protein powder is widely available too.People consume protein powder after mixing it in water, milk or a fruit juice, or they add the protein powder to breakfast cereals, soups or other foods.
36Side Effects Of Protein Powder Consumption of excess protein powder can turns the blood acidic in nature.Kidney damageLiver damageAllergic reaction
37Side Effects Of Protein Powder BloatingKetosis (body can not absorb carbs)Nausea, vomitingDeathSome protein powders may contain metals which can cause health problems
38YohimbeYohimbe bark is a product of a type of tree that can be found in the African Countries of Gabon, Cameroon, and Zaire.The bark of the yohimbe tree contains a chemical known as yohimbine, which is utilized to create a variety of supplements.
39Yohimbine Losing weight Yohimbine works by increasing the blood flow and neural signals to the male and female reproductive organs.It is additionally used for increasing athletic capability for:Losing weightPreventing fatigue
40Side Effects Of Yohimbine Kidney failureParalysisSevere anxietySeizureHigh or low blood pressureHeart attacksAbnormal heart beat (rhythm)DizzinessStomach problems
41What To Look For In “Safe Supplements” It is important to check supplement labels for a seal of approval from a legitimate, independent (third- party) company.These independent companies contract with supplement manufacturers to assess and verify the purity and content of their products.
42What To Look ForIf supplements do not have a seal of approval, then they either have not been analyzed by an independent company or they have not met an independent company’s standards.Seal
43What To Look ForMany supplements have labels that falsely appear to contain seals of approval, e.g., “GNC Approved.”However, in many cases, these seals are not from independent testing companies.
44Supplement Use Or Not Use There are many ergogenic aids that are safe and effective, but others can be harmful and even fatal.Most of the research conducted on performance-enhancing supplements has been done on adults; research on the teen population is limited.Children and teens should be discouraged from using any ergogenic aids.
45To Protect Your Body And Your Wallet, Be Wary Of Any Supplements That Boasts that it is quick and easyUses testimonials from "real users" to promote its benefitsClaims it's right for everyone
46To Protect Your Body And Your Wallet, Be Wary Of Any Supplements That State it has been used for millions of yearsBelittles the medical or scientific communityHas a secret formulation
47How To Report A Potential Problem With A Supplement To report a health product you believe is advertised falsely, contact the Federal Trade Commission at FTC-HELP ( ) or online at ftc.gov/complaintTo report a fraudulently labeled product, call your local FDA office oblem/ConsumerComplaintCoor dinators/default.htm
48What You Can Do To Stay Healthy Make downtime a priorityLearn to relax.Eat healthy foodsSleep at least eight hours a dayEat oftenAvoid harmful substancesTrain harder and smarterConsult a professional
49What Can Parents Do? Discuss ethics and proper training Be clear about your expectationsGet involvedMonitor your teen's purchasesTalk to your child’s coachTalk to the school’s athletic trainer
50Supplement Information To Look Up A Supplement, Click On The Mouse Below
51Please Click On The Apple To Complete The Course Evaluation.
52Sources American Academy Of Pediatrics Athletes For A Drug Free AmericaDrug Free AthleticsFood and Drug AdministrationMayo Clinic
53Sources National Collegiate Athletic Association www.ncaa.org National Institutes Of HealthKids HealthThe Educated Sports ParentThe National Federation of State High School Associations
54Sources www.uihealthcare.com University Of Iowa Children's Hospital Web MD