Presentation on theme: "Confidence in sport is a belief in your ability to master a situation According to Vealey confidence is based on: 1 Personality Your level of competitiveness."— Presentation transcript:
Confidence in sport is a belief in your ability to master a situation According to Vealey confidence is based on: 1 Personality Your level of competitiveness and achievement motivation 2 Experience Your amount of past success on the task and your belief in your ability to succeed in future 3 Situation Playing at home or away for example
Trait confidence is innate confidence shown in most situations State confidence is situation specific, e.g. taking a penalty The interaction between these two is important. A naturally confident hockey player who has taken many penalty flicks before will be confident of scoring from the spot in future games.
According to Bandura four factors affect confidence in any situation: 1 Performance accomplishments What you have done before 2 Vicarious experience Seeing others do it 3 Verbal persuasion Encouragement 4 Emotional arousal Your level of anxiety If all four factors are positive then a highly satisfactory performance will result
Taking into account the four influences on self efficacy, how could a coach develop confidence in his or hers players? Promoting Confidence Attribute success internally Use positive reinforcement and encouragement Set attainable yet challenging goals Show similar aged role models successfully doing the task Control arousal with relaxation techniques Allow early success Give accurate demonstrations
Achievement motivation is the desire with which competitive situations are approached or avoided The degree of competitiveness can be a personality trait, and/or it can be developed through sporting experiences and change with the situation
Atkinson suggested two personality types: NACHNAF Welcome competition They take risks Welcome feedback Like a challenge Try harder after failure The need to achieve The need to avoid failure Avoid competition Take the easy option Give up easily Do not take responsibility for their actions
COMPETITIVENESS Have I done it before? How motivated am I? Am I in a familiar environment? Task How easy? How hard? Whats the incentive? How will I feel if I succeed? Place the influences on achievement motivation listed above in rank order according to how important they are in promoting competitiveness and confidence.