Presentation on theme: "The Limb Injury Frequency of Former High School Male Athletes A study of the correlation between the frequency of limb injuries of male high school graduates."— Presentation transcript:
The Limb Injury Frequency of Former High School Male Athletes A study of the correlation between the frequency of limb injuries of male high school graduates and their participation in high school sport. Myckenzie Bottomly, Kinsey Grant, Brienna Lund, and Parker Haycock
Old Age Picture Yourself in 50 years from now Will you be able to do the things you want? Running, going to the grocery store, getting the mail? More than 800,000 hip and knee replacement surgeries were performed in 2003 in the United States (Surgery.com, 2009). Up 90% from 1994 Also an increase in high school sport participation (Stevenson, 2007). 50% of males in high school in 1970s to 67% in 2006.
Purpose To examine the correlation between participation in organized high school sports and the frequency of injuries in adults. To discover if sport participation in high school puts adults at risk for a higher frequency of injury.
Research Questions Does participation in organized high school sports increase injuries later on as an adult? Are the injuries generally acute or chronic? Are the amounts of injuries sustained by high school athletes enough to further explore the prevention of chronic adult injuries?
Hypothesis Adults that did not participate in organized high school sports will result in fewer injuries compared to those who did participate. The strain of sports on the body causes more reoccurring injuries for athletes as they age versus an individual that did not play sports.
Survey 40 male adults who went to high school, interviewed about their limb injury history. The age range was We designed a survey that differentiated between subjects that played sports in high school and those who did not. We also captured information about unrecovered injuries.
Procedures With our questionnaire we only surveyed male subjects about their limb injury history since high school. We also asked them about their high school sport participation in order to see any correlation between long- term limb injuries and high school sport participation. Once capturing the data we compared the correlations of frequent injuries between those who participated in high school sport and those who did not.
Data Analysis We separated our survey from those who played sports in high school from those who did not. N=29 (Those who participated in high school sport) N=11 (Those who did not participate) Then we compared the frequency of limb injuries of those who played sports in high school to those who did not.
Results Those participating in high school sports reported a lower average for the frequency of injury after graduating.
Results ~61% of injuries for those not participating were unrecovered. They averaged 1 unrecovered injury per subject. ~54% of injuries for those participating were unrecovered. They averaged 0.76 unrecovered injuries per subject.
Discussion On average, individuals that did not play sports in high school sustained more injuries later on, than those that played. This does not support our original hypothesis. However, our research reflects a previous study on musculoskeletal injuries: This research suggests that an athletes good muscle function related to a high physical activity level seems to compensate the effects of degenerative changes (Kujala, Orava, Parkkari, Kaprio & Sarna, 2003)
Limitations Sample size was small. Questions could have been misinterpreted. Time restraint for data collection. Geographical limitation. Sample was not completely randomized.
Conclusion The individuals who did not participate in high school sport have a higher average of injuries than those individuals who did participate in high school sport, proving our hypotheses wrong. (Bottomly, Grant, Haycock, & Lund, 2011) The percentage of unrecovered injuries is also higher in individuals who did not participate in high school sport than those who did and most of the injuries were about the same severity. (Bottomly, Grant, Haycock, & Lund, 2011) The majority of sports can help strengthen your bones, muscles, and ligaments resulting in less injuries than those who do not participate in high school sport. (Kaprio, Kujala, Orava, Parkkari & Sarna, 2003)
Future Research Our research has shown that those who did not participate in high school sports have been more likely to experience frequent injuries. Future research needs to be more comprehensive of all bodily injuries and include a larger research spectrum.
References Friery, K. (2008). Incidence of injury and disease among former athletes: A review. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 11, Retrieved from Kellmann, M. M. (2010). Preventing overtraining in athletes in high-intensity sports and stress/recovery monitoring. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, doi: /j x Kujala, U. M., Orava, S., Parkkari, J., Kaprio, J., & Sarna, S. (2003). Sports career-related musculoskeletal injuries. Sports Medicine, 33, Retreived from %40sessionmgr113&vid=9&hid=108 Nelson, A. J., Collins, C. L., Yard, E. E., Fields, S. K., & Comstock, R.D. (2007). Ankle injuries among united states high school sports athletes, 2005–2006. Journal of Athletic Training, 42, Retrieved from L. Kjonniksen, N. Anderssen, B. Wold Organized sport as a predictor of physical activity in adulthood. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, doi: /j x
Jonasson, P., Halldin, K., Karlsson, J., Thoreson, O., Hvannberg, J., Swärd, L., & Baranto, A. (2011). Prevalence of joint-related pain in the extremities and spine in five groups of top athletes. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 19 (9), doi: /s Stevenson, B. (2007). Title IX and the evolution of high school sports. Contemporary Economic Policy, 25, doi: /j x Surgery.com (2009). Knee replacement. Retrieved from replacement/demographics Bottomly, M., Grant, K., Haycock, P., Lund, B. (2011). The Limb Injury Frequency of Former High School Male Athletes.