Presentation on theme: "International Perspectives on Disability, Sport and Development Jackie Lauff Sport Matters ADDC Practitioner Interest Forum 28 February 2012 Jackie Lauff."— Presentation transcript:
International Perspectives on Disability, Sport and Development Jackie Lauff Sport Matters ADDC Practitioner Interest Forum 28 February 2012 Jackie Lauff Sport Matters
Overview What is Sport? An Introduction to Sport and Development How Does it Work? Why Sport? International Milestones Sport and Disaster Sport, Development & People with Disabilities
What is Sport? all forms of physical activity that contribute to physical fitness, mental well-being and social interaction, such as play, recreation, organised or competitive sport, and indigenous sports and games. UN Inter-agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace (2003)
Growth in Sport In 1997 there were 9 areas of specialisation in sport: Sport Pedagogy Adapted Physical Activity and Education Sport Sociology Sport History Philosophy of Sport Motor Development, Control and Learning Sport and Exercise Psychology Biomechanics Exercise Physiology
Growth in Sport In 2008 this increased to 25 areas: Adapted Physical Activity Athletic Training and Therapy Biomechanics Coaching Science Comparative PE and Sport Health Enhancing Physical Activity Kinanthropometry Motor Behaviour: Development, Control and Learning Philosophy of Sport Sociology of Sport Sport and Leisure Facilities Sport History Sport Information Sports Law Sport Management Sports Medicine Sport Pedagogy Sport and Exercise Physiology Sport and Exercise Psychology Doping in Sport Physical Education Sport and Development Sport and Human Rights Sport Governance Women and Sport
How does it work? Combines sport and play with other non-sport outcomes to achieve the desired development objectives. Sport on its own is not the answer to the worlds development issues. It is purposeful, professional and socially responsible application of sport tailored to social and cultural context.
Sport Plus versus Plus Sport
Terminology Sport and Development Sport in Development Sport for development Sport Plus / Plus Sport Sport for Development and Peace Development through sport Its about using sport in a purposeful way to achieve specific development objectives.
Why Sport? Bring people together Low cost & high impact intervention Culturally appropriate Unites people, communities and nations like nothing else Physical fitness, mental well-being and social interaction
Sport is neutral Sport is not inherently positive As a cultural activity, sport is a mirror of society and equally as complex. The potential negative impacts of sport include: –Corruption –Violence and hooliganism –Child labour –Racism and harrassment –Doping –Fraud –Unsafe practices
Sport and the United Nations United Nations Special Adviser on Sport for Development and Peace Adolf Ogi Willie Lemke 2008
International Milestones Landmark UN publication (2003) UN Special Resolutions Sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace International Year of Sport and Physical Education (2005)
Sport and the United Nations UN Office of Sport for Development and Peace located in Switzerland.
Expanding knowledge base International Platform on Sport and Development International Conferences & Awards –Magglingen, Switzerland –Next Step –Beyond Sport International Journal of Sport for Development
Thematic areas Gender Disability Disaster Response Health Peace-building Economic Development Education Child and Youth Development Environment
Sport and Disaster Moving Forward Toolkit CARE, Mercy Corps and Nike (2008)
Sport and People with Disabilities Reduce stigma Showcase ability Promote human rights Independence Quality of Life Empowerment Inclusion Health
Sport and Human Rights UNESCO Charter on Physical Education (1978) What matters most for the Council of Europe, as reflected in the words of Sir Ludwig Guttmann, is that: sport should become a driving force for the disabled to seek or restore his contact with the world around him and thus his recognition as an equal and respected citizen. Council of Europe - Sport for All: Disabled People Charter (1987)
UNCRPD – Article 30.5 With a view to enabling persons with disabilities to participate on an equal basis with others in recreational, leisure and sporting activities (March, 2007)
International Actors Handicap International Right to Play SCORE International Inspirations Tony Blair Foundation PlayAble RESPO International
Sport Matters Innovation Monitoring & Evaluation Partnerships Advocacy Capacity Building Technical Assistance
Disability & Development 15% of the worlds population Over 90% of children with disabilities do not attend school Only 2% of people with disabilities are estimated to have access to basic services (health, education) Women experience double discrimination