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IOC Seminar on Sport and Peace Intercontinental Hotel Aqaba, Jordan 12-14 th June 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "IOC Seminar on Sport and Peace Intercontinental Hotel Aqaba, Jordan 12-14 th June 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 IOC Seminar on Sport and Peace Intercontinental Hotel Aqaba, Jordan th June 2007

2 Welcome !

3 Session 1 – INTRODUCTION

4 Welcome Remarks HRH Prince Feisal Al Hussein President, Jordan Olympic Committee Mr Habib Macki Vice President, Olympic Council of Asia Mr Toni Khoury IOC Member, Lebanon

5 Session 2 – ROLE OF THE IOC IN SPORT AND PEACE

6 Olympic Truce – Myth or Reality? Speaker:Dr Evangelos Syrigos Director of the International Olympic Truce Centre Facilitator:Mr Jon Tibbs

7

8 OLYMPIC TRUCE: MYTH OR REALITY? IOC SEMINAR ON SPORT AND PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST Jordan, 12 June 2007

9 Olympic Truce Background-Philosophy and History

10

11 The Games, first held in 776BC, were created in order to act as a Truce to bring a temporary halt to the fighting between ancient Greeces warring city-states.. Executive Summary

12 The ancient Greek King Iphitos asked the oracle of Delphi for advice on how to end the wars that were plunging his kingdom and the broader Peloponnese area into chaos. The oracle advised him to organise an athletic contest in ancient Olympia, to occur every four years, and to proclaim a Truce for the duration of the Games. A. The Background

13 The first recorded Olympic Games were held in 776BC. We know that the ancient Truce ensured the survival of the Games by guaranteeing the safe journey of athletes, judges, artists and spectators to and from Olympia and their peaceful participation in the Games. A. The Background

14 The ancient Olympic Games were designed with peace in mind, to act as a broker for differences between those at war with one another. A. The Background

15 Messengers – or spondoforoi – gathered in Olympia to be briefed on their mission to spread the word throughout the city-states. By 776BC, a treaty has been signed According to the treaty the area surrounding Olympia – was proclaimed as sacred and invincible ground and decreed the cessation of hostilities for the duration of the Olympic Games. A. The Background

16 The observance of Olympic Truce for 1200 years renders it as the most important principle of customary law respecting peace in the ancient world A. The Background

17 B. The revival of Olympic Truce in Modern Olympic Games A. The Background

18 Messengers – or spondoforoi – gathered in Olympia to be briefed on their mission to spread the word throughout the city-states. By 776BC, a treaty has been signed According to the treaty the area surrounding Olympia – was proclaimed as sacred and invincible ground and decreed the cessation of hostilities for the duration of the Olympic Games. A. The Background

19 In 1993, the IOC launched an appeal for an Olympic Truce at the 1994 Games, which was endorsed by 184 Olympic committees and presented to the Secretary-General of the UN. A. The Background

20 In 1994, the then president of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, had experienced the Truce in action while leading an IOC delegation to the war-torn city of Sarajevo during the Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer. This high-profile visit not only focused the eyes of the world on the Balkan conflict, but also provided a break in the fighting, thus allowing humanitarian relief to be delivered to the besieged population of the city. A. The Background

21 President Samaranch wrote to the heads of state in 1994 to encourage the observance of the Olympic Truce during the XVII Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer, Norway. A. The Background

22 the Sudanese NOC succeeded in obtaining a ceasefire in the war between the Sudanese Peoples Liberation Army and the government the armed conflict in Georgia with Abkhazia was suspended a General Assembly vote during the Games encouraged a ceasefire arrangement to permit the supply of humanitarian aid to populations in Bosnia. It has been estimated that this allowed 10,000 children to be inoculated in just one day. A. The Background

23 During the subsequent Olympic Games in Sydney and Athens a public audience of 3,7 billion people, saw perhaps the most public display of the power of the Truce yet, when athletes from North and South Korea marched together under one flag at the Opening Ceremony of the Games, reflecting their hopes of a peaceful and unified peninsula A. The Background

24 C. The future of the Olympic Truce A. The Background

25 The Olympic Truce has the potential to play two key roles. Firstly, its application over the past decade has demonstrated its capacity to deliver practical results on the ground –from the delivery of humanitarian relief to the facilitation of dialogue between bitter rivals. A. The Background

26 The Olympic Truce has the potential to play two key roles: Firstly, its application over the past decade has demonstrated its capacity to deliver practical results on the ground – from the delivery of humanitarian relief to the facilitation of dialogue between bitter rivals. A. The Background

27 Secondly, and perhaps more importantly, at a time of growing crises of confidence in political institutions, the Olympic Truce reminds us of the power of idealism, and has the capacity to inspire a new generation and its leaders to make small but constant steps towards peace. The Olympic Truce is a peace-inspiring tool for our age. A. The Background

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29 Coffee Break

30 Session 3 – CAN SPORT BUILD PEACE?

31 Debate: Can sport really build peace? Panel: HRH Prince Feisal (President, Jordan NOC) Mr Tomas Sithole (IOC Dir. of Int. Coop.& Dev.) Dr Evangelos Syrigos (Dir. Int. Olympic Truce Centre) Mr Toni Khoury (IOC Member, Lebanon) Major General Mounir Sabet (IOC Member, Egypt) Facilitator: Mr Jon Tibbs

32 Session 4 – GLOBAL DIMENSION OF SPORT & PEACE

33 Speaker: Dr Richard Guilanotti Professor at Durham University Moderator: Mr Jon Tibbs

34 Sport and Peace Prof. Dr. Richard Giulianotti Durham University, UK

35 Magglingen - Context Key moment in sport/peace interface Major international conference (2003) – recommendations submitted to UN Lead authors of section on Sport, Peace and Crisis Situations Relevant themes at that time: -Global instability/disorder – inequalities, tensions, dangers -Evidence of sports peaceful universalism being corrupted e.g. hooliganism, racism -Growing ties of sport federations, NGOs, governmental organizations, led by Olympic movement e.g. IOC and UNHCR -Our preliminary research and other evidence – sport-related work in different contexts

36 Magglingen We recommended Expand sport programmes in conflict zones to promote rehabilitation and reconciliation Dialogue between donors and recipients of aid Reflect on role of sports bodies and NGOs in promoting internationalism Relevant agencies to pilot projects, explore sustainability, clarify long-term ownership Expand ties between NGOs and sport federations Require direct strategies to alleviate poverty, famine, war, forced migration Afterwards: greater role for sport in NGOs/IGOs e.g. UN 2005 Year of Sport and Physical Education; Beijing Declaration, etc.

37 Possibilities of Sport re Peace Global culture Personal/group creativity, self- expression Social contact Playful/competitive, rule- governed context Facilitate practical making/enforcing of rules Universalist messages

38 Project Achievements: OFFS Established in former Yugoslavia after Civil War – 200,000 dead, 2 million refugees, football flashpoint Different ethnic groups divided – huge tensions : OFFS - 48,000 children participate, 400 local leaders and coaches Focus on fun; sport for all; emphasis on individual skills, team-work; less focus on tactics/endurance Context: children affected by war; much segregation – so thaw psycho-social freeze between communities Coaches – local, many ex-combatants – so required intensive training, all multi-ethnic Games and events emphasize multi-ethnic participation; teams and groups all mixed Symbolize to parents/community possibilities of peaceful, normal social contact Importance of sustained work/contribution

39 Some Other Initiatives Sierra Leone: -War-torn region; many brutalized child soldiers -Resocialization processes through sport -Young males seek status/authority through sport skill and achievement -Role of referee North/South Korea: -Intensively militarized area, very strong tensions -Sport contacts break ice, advance common Korean identity

40 Other Initiatives UK: Northern Ireland – Catholics v Protestants – history of cross-community sports clubs e.g. boxing, football England – delinquent young people – community work promotes football, but also low octane/peaceful pastimes e.g. fishing Women in Sport: Key grassroots measures to facilitate womens participation Jordan – hosting of major IOC conference, Women and Sport, March 2008 Can also move into dance, music, other realms of physical culture

41 Sport/Peace: Concluding Comments Key role of intermediaries e.g. coaches, referees, youth workers Fit projects to local contexts and needs Dialogue with clients – dont impose Need to evaluate projects – reflective practice Sustain projects over longer-term Big Picture: –New age re sports global meaning – universalism in global era –Global sport is at centre of emerging global civil society –Restore higher purpose of sport –Huge opportunity for nations, NGOs, sport bodies, to lead the way

42 Lunch

43 Session 5 – NEED FOR INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS FOR PEACE

44 Panel: HRH Prince Feisal (President, Jordan NOC) General Souhail Khoury (President, Lebanon NOC) Dr Atef Odibat (President, Higher Council for Youth, Jordan) Dr Tiras Odisho (Director General, Iraq NOC) Dr Richard Guilanotti (Professor at Durham University) Dr Abu Eisher Anwar (President, Sport For All Federation, Palestine) Moderator: Mr Jon Tibbs

45 Free time / networking opportunity

46 17:00 – 18:30 Buses Depart to Wadi Rum (dress code: casual wear and comfortable shoes) 18:30 – 19:30Visit museum and watch sunset 19:30 – 19:45Transport to camp for dinner 20:00 – 21:30Dinner hosted by HRH Prince Feisal 21:30 – 23:00Transport from Wadi Rum to Aqaba Evening Programme


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