Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

SPORT ETHICS "To educate a person in the mind but not the morals is to educate a menace to society." –Teddy Roosevelt.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "SPORT ETHICS "To educate a person in the mind but not the morals is to educate a menace to society." –Teddy Roosevelt."— Presentation transcript:

1 SPORT ETHICS "To educate a person in the mind but not the morals is to educate a menace to society." –Teddy Roosevelt

2 DEFINITIONS Ethics is the study of morals or character; a study of the principles of human duty or the study of all moral qualities that distinguish an individual relative to others. Ethics is the study of morals or character; a study of the principles of human duty or the study of all moral qualities that distinguish an individual relative to others. Moral pertains to an individuals motives, intentions, and actions as right or wrong, virtuous or vicious, or good or bad. Moral pertains to an individuals motives, intentions, and actions as right or wrong, virtuous or vicious, or good or bad. Values are anything having relative worth. Values are anything having relative worth. Moral values are the relative worth that is placed on some virtuous behavior. Principles are universal rules of conduct that identify what kinds of actions, intentions, and motives are valued.

3 MORAL REASONING PROCESS Moral Reasoning is the systematic process of evaluating personal values and developing a consistent and impartial set of moral principles by which to live. Moral Reasoning is the systematic process of evaluating personal values and developing a consistent and impartial set of moral principles by which to live. Moral Knowing is the cognitive phase of learning about moral issues and how to resolve them. Moral Knowing is the cognitive phase of learning about moral issues and how to resolve them. Moral Feeling is the basis of what we believe about ourselves, such as self-esteem, and society, such as empathy for others Moral Feeling is the basis of what we believe about ourselves, such as self-esteem, and society, such as empathy for others Moral Acting is how we act based on what we know and value. Moral Acting is how we act based on what we know and value.

4 The Reason for Feelings Why do we have them? What is their purpose? Why are they different from one person to another?

5 WHAT ARE RATIONALIZATIONS FOR UNETHICAL BEHAVIORS IN SPORT? There is no rule against it. There is no rule against it. Everyone else does it. Everyone else does it. This action is not unethical because no one will ever know about it. This action is not unethical because no one will ever know about it. Circumstances require acting in this way. Circumstances require acting in this way.

6 MORAL JUSTIFICATION The unethical action was really ethical; that is, muddy the waters and make the wrong look right. The unethical action was really ethical; that is, muddy the waters and make the wrong look right. The unethical action was a non-issue in the sense that the action caused no harm to another individual or was unseen by an official; that is, no foul, no harm. The unethical action was a non-issue in the sense that the action caused no harm to another individual or was unseen by an official; that is, no foul, no harm. A rule was violated but the amount of good accomplished overshadowed the small amount of harm that occurred; that is, the end justifies the means. A rule was violated but the amount of good accomplished overshadowed the small amount of harm that occurred; that is, the end justifies the means.

7 ETHICS AND SPORTSMANSHIP Ethics is a matter of being good (character) and doing right (action). Ethics is a matter of being good (character) and doing right (action). Sportsmanship is a matter of being good (character) and doing right (action) in sports. Sportsmanship is a matter of being good (character) and doing right (action) in sports. The majority of acts that we consider bad in sports and call unsportsmanlike are bad precisely because they are unfair, dishonest, disrespectful, or against the rules. The majority of acts that we consider bad in sports and call unsportsmanlike are bad precisely because they are unfair, dishonest, disrespectful, or against the rules.

8 WHAT DOES SPORTSMANSHIP LOOK LIKE? Playing fair Playing fair Following the letter and spirit of the rules Following the letter and spirit of the rules Respecting the judgments of officials Respecting the judgments of officials Treating opponents with respect Treating opponents with respect Shaking hands at the end of the game Shaking hands at the end of the game Never running up the score Never running up the score Never cheating Never cheating Never taunting Never taunting

9 GAMESMANSHIP What is difference between this and unsportsmanlike conduct? What is difference between this and unsportsmanlike conduct? Where does the line exist Where does the line exist Is the line different in different sports or at different levels in sports Is the line different in different sports or at different levels in sports

10 PROBLEMS WITH TO MORAL REASONING The longer athletes participate in sport, the lower their moral reasoning. The longer athletes participate in sport, the lower their moral reasoning. Males have lower levels of moral reasoning than do females. Males have lower levels of moral reasoning than do females. Team sport athletes show lower levels of moral reasoning than do individual sport athletes. Team sport athletes show lower levels of moral reasoning than do individual sport athletes. The moral reasoning of interscholastic athletes is less consistent, impartial, and reflective than is that of non-athletes. The moral reasoning of interscholastic athletes is less consistent, impartial, and reflective than is that of non-athletes.

11 THE MORAL ETHOS OF SPORT Is an intentional rule violation congruent with the moral ethos of sport? Is an intentional rule violation congruent with the moral ethos of sport? Is a tactical rule violation, or the breaking of the rules on purpose to gain a benefit even though there is an associated penalty, ethical? Is this an ethical way to attempt to secure a victory? Is a tactical rule violation, or the breaking of the rules on purpose to gain a benefit even though there is an associated penalty, ethical? Is this an ethical way to attempt to secure a victory? Is cheating, which is an intentional deception or circumvention of the rules that were established to maintain fairness, ethical? Is the intent of sport to get away with things to gain an advantage? Is cheating, which is an intentional deception or circumvention of the rules that were established to maintain fairness, ethical? Is the intent of sport to get away with things to gain an advantage? Are rule violations ethical if they are not caught and penalized? If rule violations are attempted and penalized, then are these rule violations deemed to be acceptable? Are rule violations ethical if they are not caught and penalized? If rule violations are attempted and penalized, then are these rule violations deemed to be acceptable?

12 ARE THERE ETHICAL ISSUES IN YOUTH SPORTS ABOUT THESE? Cutting a child trying out for a sports team Cutting a child trying out for a sports team Playing the best players (some do not play) Playing the best players (some do not play) Keeping the best players in the key positions Keeping the best players in the key positions Competing for championships and trophies Competing for championships and trophies Requiring a child to play a sport Requiring a child to play a sport Specializing in one sport Specializing in one sport Offering teams for one gender only Offering teams for one gender only

13 ARE THESE ETHICAL ISSUES IN INTERSCHOLASTIC SPORTS? Requiring athletes to pass all subjects Requiring athletes to pass all subjects Specializing in one sport Specializing in one sport Treating male athletes preferentially Treating male athletes preferentially Playing while injured Playing while injured Using drugs to enhance performance Using drugs to enhance performance Teaching athletes (by coaches) how to break sport rules to gain an advantage Teaching athletes (by coaches) how to break sport rules to gain an advantage Giving athletes money or other benefits Giving athletes money or other benefits Taunting and gamesmanship Taunting and gamesmanship

14 The World Record Holders in the 800m

15 Who are these People

16 Baseball Mark McGuire Jose Canseco

17

18 Barry Bonds

19 Other Cases Dennis Mitchell Dennis Mitchell 1980s East German Vitamins 1980s East German Vitamins Karin Koing (swimming) Karin Koing (swimming) Heidi and Andreas Krieger (Shot Put) Heidi and Andreas Krieger (Shot Put) Balco Balco Silken Laumann Silken Laumann

20 So why did/do they do it

21 Agree Slightly Agree Slightly Disagree Disagree 1 2 3 4 1. Teamwork is important for winning. 2. I would taunt my opponent. 3. A team must have a good coach to win. 4. I would spit on my opponent. 5. Luck is a part of winning. 6. It is important to shake hands with my opponent after a game. 7. I have never been in a game where any rules were violated. 8. Referees decisions will affect a games result. 9. Intramurals are a waste of time. 10. I would deliberately injure my opponent to help me win. 11. A team must have a star player to be a winning team. 12. Respecting my opponent gives me a better chance of winning. 13. The team that prepares the best should win the game. 14. Winning isnt everything, it is the only thing. 15. I have never seen or heard someone taunt or trash-talk an opponent. 16. Respect is an important attribute for a winning team. 17. Football is a more violent sport than ice hockey. 18. I must respect my opponent to play my best. 19. Basketball is a non-contact sport. 20. I would trash-talk my opponent. 21. Soccer is a non-contact sport. 22. I compliment an opponent for a good play. 23. It is OK to run up the score against an inferior opponent. 24. Basketball players are better athletes than baseball players. 25. I would "bend the rules" to win. 26. It is not whether you win or lose, but how you play the game. 27. It is not up to players to enforce rules (its the referees job). 28. Integrity is an important attribute for a winning team. 29. Intercollegiate athletics are bad for a university. 30. I would retaliate if I was given a cheap shot by my opponent. 31. Skill in a sport is more important than hard work. 32. I play fair. 33. Being a good sport (showing sportsmanship) is important to winning. 34. Every student an athlete, every student challenged.


Download ppt "SPORT ETHICS "To educate a person in the mind but not the morals is to educate a menace to society." –Teddy Roosevelt."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google