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PROVIDING INSIGHTS ON THE EFFECTS OF EARLY SPORT SPECIALIZATION IN YOUTH ATHLETES Paul Christianson, M.S.

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Presentation on theme: "PROVIDING INSIGHTS ON THE EFFECTS OF EARLY SPORT SPECIALIZATION IN YOUTH ATHLETES Paul Christianson, M.S."— Presentation transcript:

1 PROVIDING INSIGHTS ON THE EFFECTS OF EARLY SPORT SPECIALIZATION IN YOUTH ATHLETES Paul Christianson, M.S.

2 JOPERD October 2010 The Promises and Pitfalls of Sport Specialization in Youth Sport PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT/PERMANENT IMPLICATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL | PHYSIOLOGICAL BIOMECHANICAL | MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

3 GREAT? CREEPY? DANIEL COYLE: THE TALENT CODE

4 PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT 10,000 HOURS | 10 YEARS Andres Ericcsen "DELIBERATE PRACTICE" (INSERT DEFINITION OF DELIBERATE PRACTICE)

5

6 DELIBERATE PRACTICE SWING INSTRUCTOR | PERSONAL TRAINER | GOLF PSYCHOLOGIST NUTRITIONIST | OTHER EXPERTS

7 ONLY 10,000 HOURS!! += CAN YOU BLAME THEM?

8 MINIMAL RESOURCES DO IT YOURSELFTAKE OUT A SECOND MORTGAGE

9 DO IT YOURSELF EGO ORIENTATION Physical Conditioning Repetitive Skill/Drill Local Coach/Guru Practice at Home Parents Live Vicariously Through Children

10 DO IT YOURSELF PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT/PERMANENT HIGH RISK IMPLICATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL | PHYSIOLOGICAL BIOMECHANICAL | MOTOR DEVELOPMENT Overuse injuries. Burnout. Depression.

11 SPORT PREP ACADEMY Physical Conditioning Mental Conditioning Communication Training Physical Therapy Nutrition Training Life Skills College Placement MASTERY ORIENTATION

12 SPORT PREP ACADEMY DELIBERATE PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT LOW RISK IMPLICATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL | PHYSIOLOGICAL BIOMECHANICAL | MOTOR DEVELOPMENT CONTROLLED VARIABLES. No Parents.

13 THE GAME WITHIN THE GAME SKILL DEVELOPMENT HOLISTIC DEVELOPMENT MULTIPLE "PILLARS" PHYSICAL | MENTAL | COMMUNICATION | NUTRITION LIFE SKILLS | VISION

14 JOPERD October 2010 The Promises and Pitfalls of Sport Specialization in Youth Sport PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT/PERMANENT IMPLICATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL | PHYSIOLOGICAL BIOMECHANICAL | MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

15 BRING THE ACADEMY TO THE PARENTS AFFORDABLE CONTROL FOR NEGATIVE VARIABLES ASSOCIATED WITH EARLY SPORT-SPECIALIZATION IN YOUTH ATHLETES

16 References American Academy of Pediatrics. (2000). Intensive training and sports specialization in young athletes. Pediatrics, 106, Baker, J., & Combley, S. (2008). Does practice make perfect? The role of training in developing the expert athlete. In D. Farrow, J. Baker, & C. MacMahon (Eds.), Developing Sport Expertise (pp ). New York: Routledge. Baker, J., Cobley, S., & Fraser-Thomas, J. (2009). What do we know about early sport specialization? Not much!. High Ability Studies, 20(1), Baxter-Jones, A., Maffuli, N., & Helms, P. (1993). Low injury in rates in elite athletes. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 68, Bloom, B. S. (1985). Developing talent in young people. New York: Ballantine. Branta, C. (2010). Sport Specialization: Developmental and Learning Issues. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 81(8), Brenner, J. S. (2007). Overuse injuries, overtraining, and burnout in child and adolescent athletes. Pediatrics, 1119, Brylinsky, J. (2010). Practice Makes Perfect and Other Curricular Myths in the Sport Specialization Debate. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 81(8), Côté, J. (1999). The Influence of the Family in the Development of Talent in Sport. Sport Psychologist, 13(4), 395.

17 Ericsson, K. (Ed.). (1996). The road to excellence: The acquisition of expert performance in the arts and sciences, sports, and games. Hillsdale, NJ England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Ericsson, K., Krampe, R. T., & Tesch-Römer, C. (1993). The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance. Psychological Review, 100(3), Ericsson, K.A., & Charness, N. (1994) Expert performance: Its structure and acquisition. American Psychologist, 49, Gould, D. (2010). Early Sport Specialization: A Psychological Perspective. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 81(8), Intensive Training and Sports Specialization in Young Athletes. (2000). Pediatrics, 106(1), 154. Kaleth, A., & Mikesky, A. (2010). Impact of Early Sport Specialization: A Physiological Perspective. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 81(8), Landers, R. Q., Carson, R. L., & Bonnie Tjeerdsma, B. (2010). The promises and pitfalls of sport specialization in youth sport. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 81(8), Mattson, J., & Richards, J. (2010). Early Specialization in Youth Sport: A Biomechanical Perspective. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 81(8), 1-58.


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