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Brief History of Sport in Canada 1600-present Early Canada (1600-1850) Games were important to early native culture Games focused around ceremonial &

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Presentation on theme: "Brief History of Sport in Canada 1600-present Early Canada (1600-1850) Games were important to early native culture Games focused around ceremonial &"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Brief History of Sport in Canada 1600-present

3 Early Canada ( ) Games were important to early native culture Games focused around ceremonial & religious practices Baggataway – lacrosse

4 Arrival of British (1763) brought sports like cricket, horse-racing, fox-hunting, & snow shoeing Under classes like farmers & settlers did not have time or $ for recreation Sporting clubs centered around drinking (Scottish merchants began the Montreal CC)

5 Victorian Period ( ) Industrialization (following WWI) provided free time Main focus – socialization No leagues or competitions 1860 – 24 clubs in 4 sp; 1894 – 234 in 15

6 Emergence of Sport as a Commodity ( ) WWII ended poverty & unemployment of Great Depression Amateur & professional sport emerged and contributed to nationalism TV (1950s) changed sport forever 1917 – NHL (1926 – 10 teams; 2 divisions)

7 Sport & Canadian State (1960 – present) Improved legislation in sports following WWII Government involvement 1950s – Diefenbaker (success in sport needed to boost national pride) Bill C–131 – 1 st time federal gov was officially involved in promotion & dev of fitness & amateur sport 1961-$30,000 Today - $5 million+ Canada Games

8 History of the Olympic Games Baron Pierre de Coubertin ( ) Founder of the Olympic Games Body is buried at Olympia in Greece Games emphasize peace, international understanding, & whole development (body, mind, spirit) of human body

9 776 BC First Olympic event takes place with only 1 event Stade race – a sprint of 600 feet (192.28m)

10 Athens, st modern Olympic Games held in Athens, Greece 13 countries 9 sports 311 male participants

11 Paris, 1900 A near disaster, these games were poorly organized & received little attention 13 new sports added Women competed in golf & tennis

12 St. Louis, 1904 Held at same time as World Fair Only 12 countries participated, with majority of competitors being American 1 st Canadian to win GOLD – Desmarteau (Montreal policeman)

13 London, 1908 Use of proper rules but all judges were British so animosity existed among all teams Figure skating first introduced as a sport

14 Stockholm, 1912 Games well-organized & involved twice as many competitors 2490 male athletes 57 female athletes Women participated in swimming No incidents or protests

15 Olympic Games were cancelled because of WWI

16 Antwerp, 1920 Hosted by Belgium following WWI 29 countries (but Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria & Turkey were not allowed) Ice hockey introduced as sport

17 Paris, 1924 Large increase in participating countries 44 countries 3092 competitors Summer & Winter games began to be held separately

18 Amsterdam, 1928 Women participated in athletics & gymnastics Several women collapsed at end of 800m race 48 countries took part

19 Los Angeles, 1932 Travel costs reduced # participants More spectators attended than ever; 100,000 at opening ceremonies 1 st Olympic Village to accommodate participants

20 Berlin, 1936 IOC insisted Games take place despite persecution of Jews by Hitlers Nazi party Hitler used Games to show German superiority as a race Jesse Owens (black American) won 4 gold medals

21 Games cancelled because of WWII

22 London, 1948 London still recovering from war 59 countries 4500 participants Germany, Japan, & Soviet Union did not attend

23 Helsinki, 1952 Friendly Games b/c of Germanys absence Soviet Union returns after 40 years away Beginning of East- West rivalry that still exists

24 Melbourne, 1956 Unexpected events & political turmoil Foreign horses could not enter country Equestrian events took place in Sweden Several countries withdrew b/c of political unrest

25 Rome, 1960 No political problems All-white team represented South Africa (apartheid) Events witnessed on television Danish cyclist died after using drugs to enhance performance

26 Tokyo, 1964 Very expensive Games 94 countries despite several being banned (S Africa, N Korea, & Indonesia)

27 Mexico City, 1968 East & West Germany entered as separate teams Violent demonstration over cost of Games & poverty (people killed) 1 st time drug testing Black power salute by 2 USA athletes

28 Munich, 1972 Black American athletes staged protests during medal ceremonies again Palestinian terrorists killed several Israeli athletes & officials Some teams/competitors left the Games

29 Montreal, 1976 $2 billion spent in preparation French Canadians upset b/c Queen Elizabeth II opened ceremonies Issues with Africa & apartheid; 32 nations walked when IOC refused to ban NZ

30 Moscow, 1980 Games were successfully organized 81 teams took part Boycott by Western countries, spearheaded by USA Security was very heavy

31 Los Angeles, 1984 Most commercialized games to date Enormous profit 140 countries Soviet Union, Cuba, & most East European countries boycotted

32 Seoul, 1988 Superbly organized & turned large profit No boycotts, disruptions or protests took place Ben Johnson disqualified for banned substances Pro tennis players

33 Barcelona, 1992 Peaceful games without incident S Africa permitted after 30-yr ban USA Dream Team participates in b-ball 12 separate teams represent USSR

34 1994 Winter & Summer Games begin to be held at 2-yr intervals to each other.

35 Atlanta, 1996 Almost every country participated in these Games 197 countries 10,788 athletes Dark side – small bomb in a public place

36 Sydney, 2000 Games flawlessly organized No incidents 10,651 athletes 300 events

37 The Olympic Games… - have survived more than 100 yrs, 2 World Wars, boycotts, bombs, killings, & numerous political demonstrations


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