Presentation on theme: "Recreational Sport Management"— Presentation transcript:
1Recreational Sport Management chapter 14Recreational Sport Management
2Introduction Foundation of recreational sport management Broad scope of programming recreational sport activities and eventsFuture trends affecting recreational sport managementCareer opportunities
3Delivery of Sport and Leisure Services Sport is a large part of American culture:Interests and participation from all sectors of society are reaching unprecedented levels.Sport has grown into a multibillion dollar industry.In the United States, sports almost serve as a religion.Sports have become entertainment and spectator oriented.Sports are participant oriented, serving diverse populations through a variety of programs and activities.
4Identity: Looking at Sport Management From a Recreational Perspective Sport management is the umbrella term for administration and management of a large number and variety of sports, fitness and wellness, and recreation programs.Traditionally seen as a “business enterprise,” especially professional sports marketing, sales, public relations, promotions, sporting goods, media relations, and fundraising.Recently, sport management has begun to emphasize leadership and management of people and resources in a variety of participatory or recreational settings.
5Leisure Sports Management Model QQ AE: figure can be left in as is. DExqq\Adapted, by permission, from R.F. Mull, K.G. Bayless and L.M. Jamieson, 2005, Recreational sport management, 4th ed. (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics), 15.
6Recreational Sport Spectrum QQ AE: figure can be left in as is. DExqq\Adapted, by permission, from R.F. Mull, K.G. Bayless and L.M. Jamieson, 2005, Recreational sport management, 4th ed. (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics), 15.
7Defining Recreational Sport Recreational sport is involvement in sport during one’s leisure time either as an active participant or as a spectator at one of the levels on the leisure sport hierarchy.Sport for all. Designed to give everyone an active role regardless of interest, age, race, gender, or athletic ability.Participant driven. Programmers place significant interest and efforts on participant wants and needs.
8Five Programming Areas of Recreational Sport Management Instructional sportsInformal sportsIntramural sportsExtramural sportsClub sports
9Components DefinedInstructional sports. Teaching a recreational sport activity emphasizing skills, rules, and strategies in a noncredit or academic environment. Examples: strength and conditioning training, jogging, walking, cycling, swimming, golf, bowling, tennis, and racquetballInformal sports. Self-directed participation with an individualized approach on fun and fitness. Examples: backyard volleyball or softball at the family picnic, pick-up basketball at the local park, an early-morning swim, lunchtime run, and solitary workout(continued)
10Components Defined (continued) Intramural sports. Leagues, tournaments, and contests conducted within a particular setting. Examples: individual sports, dual sports, team sports, meet sports, and special eventsExtramural sports. Structured activities between winners of various intramural sport programs. Examples: Little League Baseball World Series or a collegiate intramural flag football championship team from one university playing against another collegiate champion for “national championship” recognition(continued)
11Components Defined (continued) Club sports. Activities organized because of a common interest in a sport. These range from very competitive clubs that travel and play in high-level competitions to the recreational, social, and instructional clubs that conduct activities such as basic-skill instruction and “in-house” tournament play. Example: youth club soccer, which is popular in the public sector
12Participants and Locations Participants. Recreational sport management is intended for the enjoyment of all age groups: children, youth, adolescents, adults, and senior citizens.Location. Participation occurs at indoor and outdoor sport facilities.Indoor: bowling centers; handball, racquetball, and squash courts; gymnasiums for volleyball, basketball, badminton, and floor hockey; billiard rooms; roller- and ice-skating rinks; aquatic centers; strength and conditioning weight rooms; exercise rooms; and so onOutdoor: softball and baseball fields; golf courses; trap and skeet ranges; soccer and flag football fields; tennis courts; outdoor aquatic centers; white-water rivers; caves; lakes; mountains; and so on
13Variety of Sport Settings Armed Forces MWR: military bases around the worldBoys and Girls Clubs and Boy Scouts and Girl ScoutsChurchesCities and communities: municipal parks and recreation departmentsCommercial facilities: racquet clubs, bowling, skating rinksCorrectional institutions: city, county, state, and federalSchools: elementary, secondary, and higher educationOn-site industrial and corporate recreational sport facilitiesPrivate clubs: country clubs, fitness, and health clubsYMCA and YWCAVacation resorts: hotels, motels, and cruise ships
14Participation Trends Ranked by preference Ranked by preference Series 1 recreational sportExercise walkingCampingSwimmingExercising with equipmentFishing (net)BowlingBicycle ridingFishing (fresh water)BilliardsHikingRanked by preferenceSeries 2 recreational sportWorking out at clubBoating (motor or power)Target shootingIn-line skatingMountain biking (on road)Scooter ridingDarts (soft tip)Darts (metal tip)SkateboardingMountain biking(U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States for 2003)
15Benefits Provision of important sociocultural learning environments Enjoyment of the activitySocial interactionHealth and physical improvementsEconomic growthEnvironmental protectionSocial contributionImportant to develop participant interests, knowledge, and skills to enable participation in activities that can last a lifetime!
16Individual Benefits Improves health, fitness, and self-esteem. Provides opportunity to “burn up” excess energy and emotion not being released in other areas of life.Creates a positive social environment.Develops emotional control and positive expression of aggression.Fosters cooperation.Develops integrity.
17Community BenefitsEnhances community identity and promotes community integration.Allows learning and sharing of community values.Deters antisocial behavior, including vandalism, gang violence, and crime.Develops well-planned and -managed sport facilities that can lead to economic benefits.
18Trends in Recreational Sport Management Funding and budgeting: income generation for sport programs and facilitiesLegal aspects: laws as they apply to recreational sport programsSport facilities: facility construction growth as participants demand larger and more specialized facilities(continued)
19Trends in Recreational Sport Management (continued) Technology: selection of appropriate technology to augment operationsPersonnel: need for marketing and computer specialists, joining the traditional recreational sports programming staffProgramming areas:Females represent more than 60% of participants.Health club memberships have almost doubled.Extreme sports participation has skyrocketed.
20Career OpportunitiesIncreased opportunities range from face-to-face leadership to top administrative positions.4 levels of personnel provide recreational sport management:Administrative staffProgram administrative staffProgram staffAuxiliary staff(Mull, Bayless, & Jamieson, 2005)
21Staff Responsibilities Administrative staff. Provides overall direction of program and its resources: staffing, budgeting, facilities, and equipment.Job titles: administrator, director, and executive directorMaster’s degree and minimum of 10 years experienceProgram administrative staff. Assists the administrator in performing his or her duties.Job titles: associate director, program director, fitness director, public relations director, operations director, facility manager, and sports coordinator or directorBachelor’s or master’s degree in recreation and minimum of 5 years of programming(continued)
22Staff Responsibilities (continued) Program staff. Entry-level position; is responsible for recruiting, hiring, training, and scheduling support staff.Job titles: assistant director, marketing assistant, coordinator, building manager, personal trainer, pool operator, leader, and activity specialistBachelor’s degreeAuxiliary staff. Part-time position; is paid an hourly wage or is a volunteer and works face to face with participants.Job titles: official, exercise leader, equipment room attendant, aquatics instructor, fitness consultant, lifeguard, maintenance, and youth sport coachUsually do not have a degree, but may hold some type of specialized sport credential (CPR, water safety instructor)
23Job Outlook Employment opportunities include: Amateur Athletics Union (AAU)Armed forces recreationAssociation of Church Sport and Recreation Ministers (CSRM)Boys and Girls ClubsCollegiate and campus settingsCommercial sportsCorrectional recreationEmployee recreational sportsFitness clubsMunicipal parks and recreationState games festivalsYMCAs and YWCAsYouth sports programs
24Professional Organizations Sponsor a wide range of continuing education courses, institutes, workshops, regional and national conferences, and other in-service training.Serve as an important link in helping the recreational sport manager stay abreast of the rapidly changing recreational sport management field and its implications for program delivery.
25Summary and Future Prediction The recreative aspect of sport in American culture today is a well-established and well-recognized contributor to human enjoyment and vitality.The growth of recreational sport management programs will come from the following:Continually changing timesContinual awareness of opportunitiesIncreasing interest in sport participation and fitness by all age groups
26Discussion: Subject: Competition in Rec Sports Should competition be emphasized or deemphasized in recreational sports?Why or why not? Elaborate on your answer….
27Discussion: Subject: One Sentence How would you summarize recreational sports programming in one sentence to a parent who happened to stop you at the door on your way out?